The Making and Remaking of Chicago’s “Third Ghetto”: The Politics of Race, Poverty, and Residential Mobility
Chicago is a city of contrasts - simultaneously subject to global forces yet hypersegregated. These contrasts - particularly those associated with race and poverty - have recently placed Chicago in the national spotlight as the dramatic transformation of neighborhoods yields new winners and losers. Consistent with past transformations of the city is the strong role that race and poverty plan in differentiating who benefits and who shoulders additional burdens. Policy analysts frequently point to displacement and replacement of urban populations through residential mobility - how people move - as an important means of explaining neighborhood change. Given the types of contrasts present in Chicago, how can we understand the making and remaking of Chicago neighborhoods through the ways in which households move within and between them? In this lecture, I examine the role which market, social, and political forces play in producing eight different yet interdependent metropolitan subregions defined largely by differences in race, ethnicity, and income.
Andrew Greenlee is Assistant Professor and the Tschangho John Kim Scholar in Urban and Regional Systems in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Andrew’s research lies at the intersection of housing policy, poverty, and social equity within cities and regions. Dr. Greenlee’s current research examines neighborhood and metropolitan opportunity structures through residential mobility processes. In addition to ongoing research on the influence of governance on spatial outcomes for public and subsidized housing participants, his recent work has focused on household recovery following residential relocation due to forced displacement - particularly displacement due to residential foreclosures, urban renewal processes, and public housing transformation. As an expert in housing policy, Greenlee has testified before the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Housing, and has provided technical assistance to fair housing advocates, states, and local governments. Greenlee received a B.A. from Grinnell College, a M.S. in Urban and Regional Planning from University of Iowa, and a Ph.D. in Urban Planning and Policy from University of Illinois at Chicago.