B.A., New Mexico State University, 1986; M.S., University of New Mexico, 1999; Ph.D., University of Colorado, Boulder, 2006; Predoctoral Fellowship, Boston University Harold Goodglass Aphasia Research Center, 2003-2005; Postdoctoral Fellowship, Georgetown University Center for Aphasia Research and Rehabilitation, 2006-2007
Aphasia, Neuroimaging, fMRI, Treatment-Induced Neuroplasticity
Despite recent evidence demonstrating treatment-induced neuroplasticity in chronic aphasia, questions remain regarding the influence of treatment variables on language recovery, the neural mechanisms supporting such recovery, and evidence of measurable, correlated improvements in quality of life (QoL). The long-range goal of our research is to better understand how treatment variables affect recovery in chronic aphasia, including the brain/behavior mechanisms supporting improved naming, and how such improvements impact QoL. Our current objective is: first, to determine whether intensive treatment for remediation of word-finding deficits is effective for persons with moderate-to-severe expressive aphasia, regardless of speech practice; second, to identify signature neural patterns of treatment-induced improvements in naming; and third, to characterize the relationship between improved language ability and factors known to correlate with improved QoL, such as confidence, social relationships, and independence. Our current study proposes a longitudinal case series approach to aphasia rehabilitation, focusing on the effect of one variable, implicit vs. explicit treatment, on linguistic, neurophysiological, and psychosocial changes in chronic moderate-to-severe patients.
Kurland, J, Pulvermuller, F, Silva, N, Burke, K, & Andrianopoulos, M (2012). Constrained vs. Unconstrained Intensive Language Therapy in Two Individuals with Chronic, Moderate-to-Severe Aphasia and Apraxia of Speech: Behavioral and fMRI Outcomes. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 21, S65-S87.
Kurland, J (2011). The role that attention plays in language processing. Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, 21, 47-54.
Kurland, J, & Falcon, M (2011). Effects of cognate status and language of therapy during intensive semantic naming treatment in a case of severe non-fluent bilingual aphasia. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 25, 584-600.
Kurland, J, Baldwin, K, & Tauer, C (2010). Treatment-induced neuroplasticity following intensive naming therapy in a case of chronic Wernicke’s aphasia. Aphasiology, 24 (6-8), 737-751.
Kurland, J, Cortes, CR, Wilke, M, Sperling, AJ, Lott, S, Tagamets, MA, VanMeter, J, Friedman, RB. (2008). Neural mechanisms underlying learning and maintenance of learning following semantic mediation treatment in a case of phonologic alexia. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 2: 147-162.