|Function of ruminant gammadelta T cells is defined by WC1.1 or WC1.2 isoform expression.
|Year of Publication
|Rogers, AN, Vanburen, DG, Hedblom, E, Tilahun, ME, Telfer, JC, Baldwin, CL
|Veterinary immunology and immunopathology
|2005 Oct 18
WC1 is a transmembrane glycoprotein and member of the scavenger receptor cysteine rich (SRCR) family that is uniquely expressed on gammadelta T cells. The WC1 isoforms referred to as WC1.1, WC1.2, and WC1.3 are expressed on discrete subpopulations of gammadelta T cells with WC1.1 and WC1.2 expressed on mostly nonoverlapping gammadelta T cell populations. Studies have demonstrated a potential role for WC1 in modulating the response of gammadelta T cells but have not converged into a single accepted paradigm. Recent investigations that examined changing representation among mononuclear cells with age and patterns of proliferation and cytokine production by subsets bearing one or more of the previously identified variants of the WC1 molecule are summarized here. While the decrease in percentages within blood in the first year of life was found to be precipitous for WC1.1+ gammadelta T cells it was not for WC1.2+ cells. While both populations proliferated to mitogen stimulation there was a bias towards responses by WC1.2+ cells. In leptospira antigen-stimulated cultures and autologous mixed lymphocyte reaction (AMLR) cultures WC1.1+ cells proliferated and produced interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) while WC1.2+ cells did to a much lower extent. This suggested functional differences related to the isoform of WC1 expressed. Under Th1-polarizing conditions, the WC1.1+ cells also made IFN-gamma whereas the vast majority of cells expressing WC1.2 did not. Despite the difference in IFN-gamma production, cells bearing either WC1 isoform had similar transcription levels of the high affinity IL-12 receptor subunit (IL-12Rbeta2) as well as of the transcription factors T-bet and GATA-3 when cultured with IL-12. Both populations transcribed low levels of IL-10 mRNA under Th1-polarizing conditions and TGF-beta transcripts were ubiquitously expressed by each of these cell types. Cloning and sequencing of the cytoplasmic tails of the WC1 isoforms revealed a consensus ITAM in all three isoforms but a DENY sequence adjacent to one of the SH-2 binding sites of WC1.1 only. The results suggest that WC1+ gammadelta T cells differentiated on the basis of WC1 isoform expression play distinct roles in immune responses that may be dictated by WC1 intracellular signaling.
|Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol.