|Title||EphrinB2 affects apical constriction in Xenopus embryos and is regulated by ADAM10 and flotillin-1.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Ji, YJu, Hwang, Y-S, Mood, K, Cho, H-J, Lee, H-S, Winterbottom, E, Cousin, H, Daar, IO|
The Eph/ephrin signalling pathways have a critical function in cell adhesion and repulsion, and thus play key roles in various morphogenetic events during development. Here we show that a decrease in ephrinB2 protein causes neural tube closure defects during Xenopus laevis embryogenesis. Such a decrease in ephrinB2 protein levels is observed on the loss of flotillin-1 scaffold protein, a newly identified ephrinB2-binding partner. This dramatic decline in ephrinB2 protein levels on the absence of flotillin-1 expression is specific, and is partly the result of an increased susceptibility to cleavage by the metalloprotease ADAM10. These findings indicate that flotillin-1 regulates ephrinB2 protein levels through ADAM10, and is required for appropriate neural tube morphogenesis in the Xenopus embryo.
|Alternate Journal||Nat Commun|