|Title||Early Vlambda diversification in sheep.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Jeong, Y, Osborne, BA, Goldsby, RA|
|Date Published||2001 May|
This study examined a number of tissues during early gestation in foetal sheep to determine the earliest site of Vlambda expression and time of generation of the Vlambda repertoire. Tissues, including spleen, liver, gut, blood and bone marrow, were obtained from 48, 55, 60 and 63 gestational day (g.d.) ovine foetuses and cDNA libraries were prepared from them by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Clones were randomly selected from cDNA libraries and subjected to sequencing. Analysis of these sequences and comparison with a pool of germline genes led to the following conclusions. The expression of Vlambda occurs earlier in spleen (48 g.d.) than in all of the other tissues examined. Also, diversity is seen earlier and at higher levels in early foetal spleen than in all of the other tissues examined. In this regard, it is notable that splenic Vlambda expression is readily apparent even before such gut-associated lymphoid tissue as the ileal Peyer's patch (IPP) has developed. Two germline Vlambda genes, 5.1 and 5.3 predominate in early immunoglobulin lambda light-chain gene rearrangement. Examination of Jlambda usage revealed the existence of a new Jlambda gene and its utilization during the early phases of the development of the ovine antibody repertoire. This study indicates that sites other than the IPP contribute to the diversification of the Vlambda repertoire in sheep. We suggest that it is likely that foetal spleen may provide a partially diversified B-cell repertoire before the IPP becomes active as a major site for massive clonal expansion and extensive diversification of B cells.