spacerScience, Technology & Society Initiativespacer
spacer@ the University of Massachusetts Amherstspacer


spacerIDEESE: Cases - Transboundary Trade in Hazardous Substances and Wastes

The Transboundary Trade in Hazardous Substances and Wastes Case Study includes a situation summary and seven appendices. THERE ARE A LOT OF READING MATERIALS. We do not expect instructors and students to read through all our resources. Instead, we expect instructors to assign the most appropriate appendices to their students according to their classroom goals. The remaining materials can be used as optional reading assignments for students who want to explore the subject matter in more depth or from a different angle.

Although the case study may be incorporated into your existing syllabi, IDEESE also offers teaching modules that help to focus the case on various dimensions of international ethics.

We also welcome feedback on our case materials. Please contact the Program Manager at mgoncalves @ pubpol . umass . edu with your comments or suggestions.



adobeCase-Situation Summary: This case study provides an overview of environmental and health issues regarding the transboundary trade of hazardous substances such as various chemical waste, including pesticides, which can affect human condition and the environment, especially in developing countries.  Primary discussions have risen to address these concerns, and to design regulations for the proper use and legal trade of these substances.  The study also provides an in-depth analysis on the various approaches in a national and international level, to control the impact of these regulations worldwide. 


Table of Contents: If you choose to print the entire case study and its appendices, this file can be used as a cover page.



Appendix A: Chronology: This appendix lists the chronological events from 1956 to 2006, detailing major hazardous waste incidents,and the adoption of global and regional treaties.


Appendix B: General Information about Hazardous Substances: This appendix contains the following: Diagram of prior informed consent process, The impact of existing international agreements on the form of new ones, and Twelve Green Chemistry Principles. Also included is a supplementary document on the World Health Organization's (WHO) system of classifying pesticides (2009).


Appendix C: Basel Convention Information and Documents: This appendix contains a supplementary document on the Basel Convention's Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, as amended through July 2010. Additional documents include: Diagram of the International bodies created in the Basel Convention, Key words and phrases, and Diagram of Communications under the Basel Convention.


Appendix D: Rotterdam Convention Information and Documents: This appendix contains supplementary documentation and information on the Rotterdam Convention, including the Prior Informed Consent Procedures for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in International Trade (Revised in 2008); Diagram of the Rotterdam Convention Bodies; and the Process for drafting decision-guidance documents and accompanying explanatory notes.


Appendix E: Stockholm Convention Information and Documents: This appendix contains supplementary articles on the following: Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants; International Bodies created by the Stockholm Convention; Stockholm Convention Code of Practice for the treatment of confidential information in the POPs Review Committee; and Rules of Procedure for preventing and dealing with conflicts of interest relating to activities of the POPs Review Committee.


Appendix F: Useful Websites: This appendix lists websites of organizations who address hazardous chemicals, substances or wastes. It also includes a list of advocacy groups, industry and professional associations, in addition to, supplemental information on Life Cycle analysis and Green Chemistry.


Appendix G: Stakeholders and Social Concerns: This appendix takes a closer look on the increasing public awareness to hazardous substances and wastes. It discusses the two concepts of who are defined as stakeholders, and the different stages of stakeholder inclusion in a policy cycle.


Appendix H: Materials for Teachers: This appendix contains class discussion notes, exercises, and suggested approaches on how to use the case study and the appendices for each approach, and recommended further readings relating to this case study.


Creative Commons License
All IDEESE Case Study Materials are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.



Funding for the International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering Project comes from the National Science Foundation through grant number 0734887. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed here are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

For additional STS Research Clusters, visit our Research Page.


home | about | faculty directory | education | research | resources | news | events

© University of Massachusetts Amherst. Site Policies.
This site is maintained by the Science, Technology and Society Initiative,
part of the Center for Public Policy and Administration and the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences