SPP and History Professor Elizabeth Sharrow offered an historical perspective on Title IX for the LePage Center for History in the Public Interest at Villanova University on September 7, 2022. In her invited talk, she noted the origins of Title IX in the civil rights movement. A major piece of U.S. public policy in 1972, Title IX was designed to address concerns regarding sex discrimination in educational institutions and was passed literally as the ninth title in a set of education amendments to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title IX began as a piece of civil rights legislation and was only applied to athletics through a prolonged political battle that stretched across the 1970s. Sharrow is an expert on the policy, politics and history of these developments and continuing human rights and policy challenges in athletics.