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Sephardi Mizrahi Studies Caucus Discussion List – May 11, 2008

Association for Jewish Studies Sephardi/Mizrahi Studies Caucus Discussion List

Editor/Moderator: Aviva Ben-Ur <aben-ur(at)judnea(dot)umass(dot)edu>

Week of Sunday, May 11, 2008 (6 Iyar 5768)


For archived issues please visit:



1. New Publication: _King Jehoash and the Mystery of the Temple of Solomon Inscription_ (Sasson)

2. Table of Contents: _Israel Studies_ 13:2 (Froehlich)

3. Conference: "Modern Jewish Culture: Diversities and Unities,” Wroclaw (Bronner)

4. New Website of the Gaon Center for Judeo-Spanish Culture (Gaon Center)

5. Panel on Representations of Judeo-Spanish History in Hebrew Literature (Halevi-Wise)

6. Job Opening: JIMENA Program Director (Waldman)

7. Lily Safra Internship Program 2008 - Graduate Student Position (Olins)

8. Jewish Genealogy Research Grants (Tagger)

9. Grant Program: Southern Jewish Historical Society (Bauman)

10. Research Fellowships on "New York and the American Jewish Experience," YIVO Institute for Jewish Research (Mohrer)

11. Call for Papers: "Hebrew sources," Renaissance Society of America (Cooperman)

12. Query: Study on Sephardic Songs at UCLA in the 1950s or 1960s (Havassy)

13. Query: Study on Sephardic Songs at UCLA in the 1950s or 1960s (Galante)


1. New Publication: _King Jehoash and the Mystery of the Temple of Solomon Inscription_ (Sasson)

From:             Victor Sasson <victorsasson(at)juno(dot)com>

Date:             Wed, 14 May 2008 23:34:49 -0400

[Note from Editor/Moderator Aviva Ben-Ur: The novels of Victor Sasson may be of special interest to those who teach courses covering Sephardic literature.]


At the suggestion of my good friend, David Shasha, I am forwarding this Book Announcement for your list.

This is my fourth novel and it has just been published. Let me know if you have any questions.


Yours sincerely,

Victor Sasson

_King Jehoash and the Mystery of The Temple of Solomon Inscription._ A Novel by  Victor Sasson.

Published March 28, 2008, iUniverse, 240pp,  paperback. ISBN: 978-0-595-49068-4. Price: $15.95 U.S.

A royal inscription, attributed to King Jehoash of Judah, surfaced on the Jerusalem  antiquities market a few years ago. The Hebrew text, which recounts restorations to the Temple of Solomon, is similar to the biblical narrative. The inscribed black stone created worldwide news coverage and was branded a forgery by academicians most of whom are not professional  Epigraphers.

If genuine, would the stone prove that the Temple of Solomon once stood on Temple Mount or Haram ash-Shareef, sacred to both Jews and Muslims? Would Jewish fanatics use such proof to blow up the al-Aqsa Mosque, creating a nightmarish war against Jews everywhere? Could the inscription be a forgery, and who could have faked such an artifact? Are those persons brought to trial guilty or innocent?

A literary sleuth, Professor Victor Sassoon publishes a research study showing the text of the inscription could well be genuine. With his expertise in Ancient Near Eastern Semitic Epigraphy, coupled with his acumen in deductive reasoning, Professor Sassoon unmasks the fallacies and incompetence of scholars who have jumped on the wagon of the international news media. With his trusted friend and colleague, Dr. Watkins, he travels from London to Jerusalem to investigate further. Trial sessions he attends testify to the ignorance and arrogance of "expert" witnesses for the Prosecution. His adventures lead him to an Arabic document that sheds light on the stone and on its historical links  -links that continue to speak of religious and political ideologies and intrigue.

_King Jehoash and the Mystery of The Temple of Solomon Inscription_ is a novel about an archaeological artifact that has created worldwide scholarly, religious, and political tensions, and is the focus of a slow moving criminal trial.

About the Author:

Victor Sasson grew up in Baghdad. He holds degrees from the University of London and an American doctorate.

He was Senior Lecturer in Semitic Languages, University of South Africa, and has also taught languages in other universities. A biblical scholar, Hebraist, and specialist in Hebrew and Aramaic Epigraphy, he has also written literary fiction, poetry, essays, and a dramatic play.

Book Availability:

This is a Print On Demand book. It may be ordered through or any bookseller.

Victor Sasson


2. Table of Contents: _Israel Studies_ 13:2 (Froehlich)

From: "Peter Froehlich" <journals(at)indiana(dot)edu>

From: Adam Mendelsohn <amend(at)BRANDEIS(dot)EDU>

Date: Mon, 28 Apr 2008 19:14:30 -0400

_Israel Studies_ 13:2

Jewish Peoplehood and the Jewish State, How Unique?-A Comparative Survey

Alexander Yakobson 1-27

The Origins of Sadat's Strategic Volte-face (Marking 30 years since Sadat's historic visit to Israel, November 1977)

Moshe Shemesh 28-53.

Jerusalem as an Israeli Problem-A Review of Forty Years of Israeli Rule Over

Arab Jerusalem

Menachem Klein 54-72.

From Conflict to Consensus: Cultural Conflict and the Israeli Debate Over Territorial Withdrawal

Dov Waxman 73-96.

Mediating Between Citizens and a New State: The History of Shurat ha-mitnadvim

Paula Kabalo 97-121.

From Black to White: Changing Images of Mizrahim in Israeli Cinema

Yaron Peleg 122-145.

From Shrine to Forum: Masada and the Politics of Jewish Extremism

Ted Sasson, Shaul Kelner 146-163.

The Sociological Heritage of Moshe Lissak: The Bi-directional Utilization of

a Conceptual Framework

Yagil Levy 164-175.

Review Essays

Tom Segev, 1967-Israel, War and the Year that Transformed the Middle East, and, Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez, Foxbats over Dimona: The Soviets' Nuclear Gamble in the Six-Day War

Shlomo Aronson 176-182.

Michael Oren, Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East: 1776 to the Present

Mitchell Bard 183-188.

Peter Froehlich


3. Conference: "Modern Jewish Culture: Diversities and Unities,” Wroclaw (Bronner)

From: "Simon J. Bronner" <sbronner(at)psu(dot)edu>

via: H-JUDAIC automatic digest system <LISTSERV(at)H-NET(dot)MSU(dot)EDU>

Date: Tue, 6 May 2008 00:02:16 -0400


Modern Jewish Culture: Diversities and Unities

24 to 26 June 2008

at Wroclaw University, Wroclaw, Poland

pl. Uniwersytecki 1, Oratorium Marianum Hall

Organized by the Department of Jewish Studies, Wroclaw University (Poland), and Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, With support from the Rothschild Foundation, Taube Foundation, and the Pennsylvania State University (USA)

This international conference features senior scholars from around the globe exploring the intersection of modernity and Jewishness in the expression, representation, and construction of culture.

Those who wish to attend the conference and to book accommodation and full board are requested to contact Agnieszka Jagodziñska, conference coordinator, at jagodzinska(at)yahoo(dot)com BEFORE 23 May 2008. The conference fee is 1520 PLN covering registration, welcome packet, hotel room, meals (kosher and vegetarian fare available upon request) for 3 days, tour of Jewish Wroclaw, and admission to cultural events. Due to the limited capacity of the hotel and restaurant, registrants are encouraged to contact the conference coordinator as soon as possible to insure placement.


I. 9 a.m.-10:00 a.m.

Welcome and Introductions

Marcin Wodzinski (Wroclaw University, Poland)

Connie Webber (Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, UK)

Simon J. Bronner (Pennsylvania State University, USA)

II. 10:30 a.m.-12:00 p.m.

Why (and What) Culture?

Moderator: Moshe Rosman (Hebrew University, Israel) rosmam(at)mail(dot)biu(dot)ac(dot)il

Mikhail Chlenov (State Jewish Maimonidies Academy, Russia), "How Jews Understand They are Jews: Jewish Identities in the Modern World"

Harvey E. Goldberg (Hebrew University, Israel), "How Israeli Social Scientists came to Recognize Culture" msharvey(at)mscc(dot)huji(dot)ac(dot)il

Jonathan Webber (University of Birmingham, UK) "Representing Jewish Culture: The Problem of Boundaries"

III. 1:15-2:45 p.m.

Virtual and Authentic Jewish Culture

Moderator: Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett (New York University, USA)

Dan Ben-Amos and Batsheva Ben-Amos (University of Pennsylvania, USA),"Virtual and Authentic in Jewish Culture"

Steve Siporin (Utah State University, USA), "Mixed Motives: Sustaining And Defining Jewish Heritage In A Small Italian City Today"

Ruth Ellen Gruber (Italy), "Beyond Virtual Jewishness: New Authenticities, Real Imaginary Places, and The Commodification of Jewish Culture"


DAY 2 (JUNE 25)

IV. 9-10:30 a.m

Creating, Displaying, and Depicting Jewish Memory and Culture

Moderator: Richard I. Cohen (Hebrew University, Israel)

Suzanne Rutland (University of Sydney, Australia), "Presentations of, and Controversies about, Holocaust Memory in Australian Museums"

Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett (New York University, USA), "Building the Museum of the History of Polish Jews: A Work in Progress" bkg(at)nyu(dot)edu

Cilly Kugelmann (Jewish Museum Berlin, Germany) "Between a Public Mandate and Jewish Sensitivities: The Presentation of Jewish History in German Jewish Museums."

V. 11 a.m. -12:30 p.m.

Representing and Performing Jewish Culture

Moderator:  Dan Ben-Amos (University of Pennsylvania, USA)

Mikel Koven (University of Worcester, UK), "Stereotyping and the Ethnic Jew: The case of Ost und West"

Richard I. Cohen (Hebrew University, Israel) "Moses Mendelssohn as a Jewish Icon"

Shalom Sabar (Hebrew University, Israel), "Religious, Zionist, Ideal, and Militaristic - The Changing Image of the Simchat Torah Flag from Shtetl Culture to Modern Israel"

VI. 1:45-3:15 p.m.

Jewish Cultural Landscapes, Past and Present

Moderator: Joachim Schloer (University of Southampton, UK)

Agnieszka Jagodzinska (Wroclaw University, Poland), "The Jewish Cemetery Landscape as a Text of Culture"

Haya Bar-Itzhak (University of Haifa, Israel), "Diaspora and the Land of Israel in Jewish Legends."

Karen Sarhon (Ottoman-Turkish Sephardic Culture Research Center, Turkey)

"Ladino: The Sound That Has Slowly Disappeared From the Wider Soundscape of Turkey"

VII. 3:30-5 p.m.

Jewish Culture in Post-Communist Europe

Moderator: Jonathan Webber (University of Birmingham, UK)

Andras Kovacs (Central European University, Hungary), "Culture As Identity Peg: The Role of Culture in the Construction of Jewish Identity"

Michael Steinlauf (Gratz College, USA), "Something Lost that Seeks Its Name: The Dybbuk in Post-Communist Poland"

Kostanty Gebert (Poland), "The Virtual, The Vitriolic, And The Virtuous: Contemporary Polish Representations Of Jews."

DAY 3 (JUNE 26)

VIII. 9 a.m.-10:30 a.m.

Jewish and Non-Jewish Identities in Context

Moderator: Suzanne Rutland (University of Sydney, Australia)

Joachim Schloer (University of Southampton, UK), "Migration and Jewish Memory: Means of Transport and Storage in Modern Times"

Erica Lehrer (Concordia University, Canada), "'Jewish Like an Adjective': New Inflections of Polishness in Krakow's Kazimierz"

Michael Schudrich (Poland) ""Poles Rediscovering Their Jewish Roots And Identity: What Does This Mean And How Does It Happen?"

XII. 11 a.m.-12: 30 p.m.

Closing Session

Marcin Wodzinski (Wroclaw University, Poland) and Simon J. Bronner (Pennsylvania State University, USA)

Simon J. Bronner


4. New Website of the Gaon Center for Judeo-Spanish Culture (Gaon Center)

From:             Gaon Center <gaon(at)bgu(dot)ac(dot)il>Friends of Gaon Center (Sentro Moshe David Gaon de Kultura Djudeo-Espanyola)

Date:             Thu, 15 May 2008 12:49:41 +0300

You are welcome to visit our web site

Address: <>

The new and improved web site will be ready in a few weeks and we will inform you about it.


5. Panel on Representations of Judeo-Spanish History in Hebrew Literature (Halevi-Wise)

From:             Yael Halevi-Wise <yael(dot)haleviwise(at)mcgill(dot)ca>

Date:             Thu, 08 May 2008 02:04:36 -0400

Forthcoming panel on Representations of Judeo-Spanish History in Hebrew

Literature at the 26th NAPH International Conference on Hebrew Language and Literature, Montreal June 30-July 2nd, 2008)

Session 8: "Sephardic History in Israeli Fiction: From Burla's Halevi to Yehoshua's Journey"

Chair: Yael Halevi-Wise, McGill

Stacy Beckwith, Carleton College

"Sephardism and the Allure of Zion: Yehuda Burla's Travels of Judah Halevi"

Yael Halevi-Wise, McGill

"How the Amarillos Became Amir: Shulamith Hareven's City of Many Days"

Lev Hakak, UCLA

"The Image of Sephardim and Mizrahim in Modern Hebrew Literature"

Bernard Horn, Framingham

"Sephardism, Sephardic Identity, and the Novels of A. B. Yehoshua"

Yael Halevi-Wise


6. Job Opening: JIMENA Program Director (Waldman)

From:            reginawaldman(at)hotmail(dot)com

JIMENA is looking to hire a program director. Could you please circulate this job description to anyone who you feel may be qualified?

Thank you in advance.

Regina Waldman


7. Lily Safra Internship Program 2008 - Graduate Student Position (Olins)

From:             Debby Olins <dolins(at)brandeis(dot)edu>

Date:             Wed, 30 Apr 2008 15:02:46 -0400

The HBI has lined up six wonderful undergraduates for our summer internship program, but we still have room for one more graduate student.  I would be grateful if you would pass on the information below to potential applicants.

The Hadassah-Brandeis Institute still has an opening for a graduate student for the Lily Safra Internship Program for summer 2008.  Masters and doctoral students with in interest in Jews and gender studies are invited to apply for this paid eight-week internship.

The graduate student intern will assist visiting scholar Jan Feldman with her project, "Daughters of Sarah and Hagar: Devout Jewish and Muslim Women Reclaim Gender Equality."  Dr. Feldman is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Vermont where she has taught courses on political culture, the problems of political thought, theories of citizenship, and religion and liberal democracy. Interns will also have the opportunity to pursue their own research project.

The Lily Safra (Graduate Student) Internship runs from June 11 through August 5, 2008.   LSIP details can be found at:


[ed: very slight edit]


8. Jewish Genealogy Research Grants (Tagger)

From: tagger(at)actcom(dot)co(dot)il

Date: Tue May 6 14:22:44 2008

I’m sure you will recall that, at the beginning of February, the International Institute for Jewish Genealogy in Jerusalem announced a competition for research grants of up to $10,000, available for original work in six preferred areas of Jewish Genealogy.

I would like to remind everyone that the deadline for the submission of research proposals is May 31 and that that date is fast approaching.

Details of the competition and the “Instructions to Applicants” can be found on the Institute’s website ( ) under “Projects/Upcoming Projects/”Call for Projects”.


Mathilde Tagger

International Institute of Jewish Genealogy


Program Director

[ed: very slight edit]


9. Grant Program: Southern Jewish Historical Society (Bauman)

From: Mark Bauman <Markkbauman(at)aol(dot)com>

via: Adam Mendelsohn <amend(at)BRANDEIS(dot)EDU>

Date: Wed, 14 May 2008 18:18:58 -0400

The Bornblum Foundation of Memphis, Tennessee, has graciously provided $5,000 to the Southern Jewish Historical Society to administer a pilot, competitive grant program for 2008.  The SJHS has determined that the funds will be allocated to two individuals ($2,500 each) to assist with research and writing outstanding scholarship in southern Jewish history.  However at the committee's discretion, if one proposal stands out as having superior merit and financial requirements, the funds may be awarded disproportionately or in entirety to that applicant.  Conversely, if the committee deems all proposals submitted lacking sufficient merit, no award will be given.

The competition is open to any individual pursuing a project substantially enhancing knowledge of southern Jewish history.  To sow seeds for the future, graduate students, junior faculty pursuing tenure, and junior/community college faculty who typically lack institutional support are especially encouraged to apply.


1.  Cover Letter:  The application should include a cover letter with the applicant's name, address, telephone number, email address, and affiliation. The letter must provide explanations of the use of the funds with a budget indicating total costs as well as any other funding sources.

2.  Additional Documentation:

A.  Please attach a short vita, and a 1-2 page description of the project outlining the topic and theme, primary sources, and significance of the topic in relation to appropriate historiography.  A projected time line for completion would also be helpful.

B.  Please have a scholar qualified to assess the candidate's project and knowledgeable concerning the applicant's background and ability submit a letter of support addressing the merits of the project and the ability of the individual to successfully complete it.  The letter should be sent directly to the chair of the Bornblum Grant Committee via email.


The proposal should result in successful completion of a thesis or dissertation, presentations at scholarly conferences, and/or scholarly publications.


Applications must be submitted via email attachment by August 1, 2008, to Dr. Mark K. Bauman, Chair, Bornblum Grant Committee, markkbauman(at)aol(dot)com.

The other committee members are Marni Davis (Georgia State University), Phyllis Leffler (University of Virginia), David Patterson (University of Memphis), Daniel Puckett (Troy State University), and Lee Shai Weissbach (University of Louisville).  Potential applicants should feel free to address any questions to the committee chairperson.

The committee will evaluate each proposal based on its scholarly merits, significance, and the likelihood of successful completion.  Other factors being equal, financial need may also be considered.

The awards will be presented at the Society's annual fall conference, with recipients being notified in advance. Receipt of a Bornblum grant precludes receipt of another SJHS grant for the same project during the identical grant cycle.

With acceptance of a grant, the successful applicants agree to submit progress up-dates every six months and two copies of all publications to the chair of the grant committee who will forward such reports and one copy of the publications to the Bornblum Foundation.

Mark Bauman


10. Research Fellowships on "New York and the American Jewish Experience", YIVO Institute for Jewish Research (Mohrer)

From: "Fruma Mohrer" <fmohrer(at)yivo(dot)cjh(dot)org>

via: Adam Mendelsohn <amend(at)BRANDEIS(dot)EDU>

Date: Mon, 28 Apr 2008 10:23:31 -0400

Milstein Family Research Fellowships on New York and the American Jewish Experience for 2008-2009. Application Deadline: May 16, 2008

The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is pleased to announce that applications are now being accepted for Milstein Family Research Fellowships, supported by a grant from the Milstein Family Foundation and the Howard and Abby Milstein Foundation. The Milstein Family Jewish Communal Archive Project is a three year pilot project focusing on the preservation and exploration of the Jewish communal archival heritage in the New York region. The project is being carried out by the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in collaboration with the 92nd Street Y, The Educational Alliance, F·E·G·S Health and Human Services System, NYANA [New York Association for New Americans] and Surprise Lake Camp.

The fellowships are open to faculty, post-doctoral scholars, independent scholars and doctoral students researching the history of Jews in the New York region as well as those researching the general American Jewish Experience with focus on New York.  Six research fellowships, ranging from $3500 to $5000, will be awarded by the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in conjunction with the Milstein Project Fellowship Committee.

The fellowships will run from June 2008 through the Fall of 2009. Milstein Family Research Fellows will be required to present papers at a major conference on New York and the American Jewish Experience to take place at the Center for Jewish History in the Fall of 2009.

Appointed fellows will conduct research on New York and the American Jewish Experience, from the 1880s to the present, including but not limited to the following topics:

The Jewish migration experience

Social welfare and philanthropy in Jewish communal organizations

Americanization and acculturation

Culture, intellectual life and the arts

Youth education and camping

Jewish life in New York during and after World War II: GIs, DPs, and the organized Jewish community

Jews of New York in the McCarthy period

Jews of New York and the civil rights movement

Studying and preserving archival resources on Jewish life in New York

During the fellowship period Milstein Family Research Fellows will be expected to explore all available resources relevant to their projects, including but not limited to those at the Center for Jewish History (YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, American Jewish Historical Society, Leo Baeck Institute, American Sephardi Federation). They will also have access to the Archives of the 92nd Street Y, the Archives of the Educational Alliance, the Archives of F·E·G·S Health and Human Services System and the Archives of Surprise Lake Camp.

Application instructions: Applicants should send a cover letter, curriculum vitae, and a two to three page description of their research project. Applicants should also provide names and contact information of three individuals familiar with their scholarship and with their proposed project. Graduate students should include, as one of the three names, the name of their doctoral advisor. Applications by mail must be postmarked no later than May 16.  Applications by email must be sent by May 16.  Successful candidates will be announced by June 17, 2008.

Send applications to:

Milstein Family Research Fellowship Committee

c/o Fruma Mohrer, Project Director

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

Applications by email should be sent to: fmohrer(at)yivo(dot)cjh(dot)org

Fruma Mohrer

Chief Archivist

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011


fax: 212-292-1892


11. Call for Papers: "Hebrew sources," Renaissance Society of America (Cooperman)

From: "Bernard Cooperman" <cooperma(at)umd(dot)edu>

via: Adam Mendelsohn <amend(at)BRANDEIS(dot)EDU>

Date:    Sun, 11 May 2008 18:21:12 -0400

Call for Papers

The annual meeting of the Renaissance Society of America will be held March 19-21, 2009 at UCLA & The Getty Museum, Malibu. Though there are often papers dealing with Jewish topics scattered among the sessions, for the past few years there have been strong sessions devoted specifically to "Hebrew sources"—a catch-all phrase for the literature and culture of the Jews and the relations between these and other aspects of Renaissance history. We invite scholars who share our goal: to extend and deepen research into the multifaceted cultural exchange between Jewish and vernacular cultures.

Paper titles together with a 200-word abstract in English and a brief CV listing relevant publications should be submitted by May 15 to Ilana Zinguer at zingueri(at)research(dot)haifa(dot)ac(dot)il

Among the new topics we would like to emphasize this year are

1) The converso diaspora, "crypto" literatures, assimilation, and identity.

2) Sermons, as a vehicle of public culture.

3) Hebraic and emblematic interconnections. Use of the Old Testament and Kabbalah as well as other specific visual motifs derived from reminiscent of Judaic elements.

Sessions will also continue long-standing interests in

4) The cultural function of glossaries, dictionaries and their circulation among scholars of different cultures; the influence of Latin and the vernacular languages on the development of Hebrew and non-Hebrew Jewish literatures in the Renaissance.

5) Cultural transmission in general through education, emigration of teachers, methods of teaching and their influences, printing and printers.

6) Assessment of Renaissance Hebrew culture: are there new directions?

7) Reception and/or processing of Renaissance themes in Hebrew poetry.

Bernard Cooperman


12. Query: Study on Sephardic Songs at UCLA in the 1950s or 1960s (Havassy)

From: Rivka Havassy

Date: Tuesday, April 29, 2008 12:19 AM

Dear Victoria Galante,

Take a look at this web page:

Find your grandmother's name in the list and click - this will lead you to the list of recordings (combinations of letters and numbers). Entering each one you can see transcriptions of the interviews and texts of the songs.

There was a time when you could also listen to the recordings. It does not always work (and sometimes you cannot even enter this website).

This is the "Folk Literature of the Sephardic Jews - A multimedia archive of ballads and other oral literature in Judeo-Spanish collected from 1957 to 1993 by Samuel G. Armistead (University of California, Davis), the late Joseph H. Silverman (University of California, Santa Cruz), and Israel J. Katz" -

All the information about this most important project is in this website. Prof. Armistead is still active and as far as I know is in UC Davis.

I used this database immensely in my PhD dissertation (Rivka Havassy, “The Ladino Song in the 20th Century: A Study of the Collections of Emily Sene and Bouena Sarfatty-Garfinkle,” Ph.D. dissertation, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan 2007).

All the best,

Rivka Havassy in Israel


13. Query: Study on Sephardic Songs at UCLA in the 1950s or 1960s (Galante)

From:             Vickie <seahorse(at)redshift(dot)com>

Date:             Tue, 29 Apr 2008 06:59:41 -0700

Dear M. Havassy,

What a miracle! I am deeply indebted to you and to dear Dr. Aviva Ben-Ur, whom I copy on this response.

I am rushing off to work at the moment, but can hardly wait to read and hear what is on the links. I recall only one song: "Espero Cansi," which I believe my grandmother wrote.

Ke el Dio ti bendise!

Vickie Galante


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