Behavior and Anger Management

Managing behavior is critical to the success of any classroom or school.  Below you will find links to Web Resources, Journal Research Articles, and Curriculum Materials on how school personnel can better manage student behavior as well as ways students can learn to manage their own behavior.

Web Resources

Girls Study Group 
Understanding and Responding to Girl’s Delinquency
By Stephanie R. Hawkins, Phillip W. Graham, Jason Williams, and Margaret A. Zahn
U.S. Department of Justice: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2009

National Association of School Psychologists
Resources explaining problems with zero tolerance.

National Association of School Psychologists
Promoting Positive Behavior, Academic Success, and School Safety - 2002
Fact sheet in NASP web site

Special Report: School Violence
Disciplinary Exclusion, Prevention and Alternatives
By: Brian Bumbarger and Jennifer Brooks
Universities Children’s Policy Partnership, 1999

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Journal Research Articles

CSCORE does not endorse any of the following research studies.  Instead our goal is to present you with the latest research being conducted.  It is up to you to decide if the study is reliable and valid.


Effects of Classroom Embeddedness and Density on the Social Status of Aggressive and Victimized Children
By: Hai-Jeong Ahn, Claire F. Garandeau, and Philip C. Rodkin
The Journal of Early Adolescence, 2010
Abstract and Journal Access:

Improving Behavior through Differential Reinforcement: A Praise Note System for Elementary School Students
By: Rikki K. Wheatley, Richard P. West, Cade T. Charlton, Richard B. Sanders, Tim G. Smith, and Mathew J. Taylor
Education and Treatment of Children, 2009
Abstract and Journal Access:

Longitudinal Impact of Two Universal Preventive Interventions in First Grade on Educational Outcomes in High School
By: Catherine Bradshaw, Jessika Zmuda, Sheppard Kellam, and Nicholas Ialongo
Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Abstract and Journal Access:

Effects of Classwide Positive Peer "Tootling" to Reduce the Disruptive Classroom Behaviors of Elementary Students with and without Disabilities
By: David F. Cihak, Emily R. Kirk, and Richard T. Boon
Journal of Behavioral Education 2009
Abstract and Journal Access:

Classroom Management - a Pathway to Student Achievement: A Study of Fourteen Inner City Elementary Schools
By: H. Jerome Freiberg, Chris A. Huzinec, and Stacey M. Templeton
The Elementary School Journal, 2009

Review and Analysis of Literature on Self-Management Interventions to Promote Appropriate Classroom Behaviors (1988–2008)
By: Amy Briesch and Sandra Chafouleas
School Psychology Quarterly, 2009
Abstract and Journal Access:

A 2-Year Outcome Study of the Check, Connect, and Expect Intervention for Students At Risk for Severe Behavior Problems
By: Douglas A. Cheney, Scott A. Stage, Leanne S. Hawken, Lori Lynass, Christine Mielenz, and Maryann Waugh
Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2009

The Classroom Check-Up: A Classwide Teacher Consultation Model for Increasing Praise and Decreasing Disruptive Behavior
By: Wendy M. Reinke, Teri Lewis-Palmer, and Kenneth Merrell
School Psychology Review, 2008

The Effects of a Targeted Intervention to Reduce Problem Behaviors: Elementary School Implementation of Check In Check Out
By: Anne W. Todd, Amy L. Campbell, Gwen G. Meyer, and Robert H. Horner
Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2008

Creating a School-Wide Positive Behavior Program: An Intern’s Systems-Level Change Project
By: Jessica Kouvel
NASP Communiqué, 2008

Seating Arrangements That Promote Positive Academic and Behavioural Outcomes: A Review of Empirical Research
By: Rachel Wannarka and Kathy Ruhl
Support for Learning, 2008
Abstract and Journal Access:

Active Supervision: An Intervention to Reduce High School Tardiness
By: Kristin N. Johnson-Gros, Elizabeth A. Lyons, and Jennifer R. Griffin
Education & Treatment of Children, 2008
Abstract and Journal Access:

Anger Management Effects on Middle School Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders: Anger Log Use, Aggressive and Prosocial Behavior 
By: Millicent H. Kellner, Brenna H. Bry, and Diana S. Salvador
Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 2008
Abstract and Journal Access:,management,middle,school

A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Anger Management in Children Diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome
By: Kate Sofronoff , Tony Attwood, Sharon Hinton, and Irina Levin
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2007
Abstract and Journal Access:

Effects of the Behavior Education Program (BEP) on Office Discipline Referrals of Elementary School Students
By: Leanne S. Hawken, K. Sandra MacLeod, and Linda Rawlings
Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2007
Abstract and Journal Access:

Student Context, Student Attitudes and Behavior and Academic Achievement: An Exploratory Analysis
By: Theresa M. Akey
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 2006

Preventing Youth Violence and Delinquency Through a Universal School-based Prevention Approach
By: Gilbert J. Botvin, Kenneth W. Griffin, and Tracy Diaz Nichols
Prevention Science, 2006
Abstract and Journal Access:

An Exploratory Study of Member Attraction, Climate, and Behavioral Outcomes of Anger-Coping Group Therapy for Children with Emotional Disturbance
By: Amanda B. Nickerson and M. Nicole Coleman
Small Group Research, 2006
Abstract and Journal Access:

Effects of Two Prevention Programs on High-Risk Behaviors Among African American Youth
By: Brian R. Flay, Sally Graumlich, Eisuke Segawa, James L. Burns, and Michelle Y. Holliday
Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 2004

Preventing Mental Disorders in School-Age Children:  A Review of the Effectiveness of Prevention Programs Appendix A
This article looks at several programs found to be effective in managing behavior, anger and mental disorders in school age children It examines the intervention’s target populations, research outcomes as well as strengths and limitations.
By: Mark T. Greenberg, Celene Domitrovich, and Brian Bumbarger
Prevention Research Center for the Promotion of Human Development College of Health and Human Development Pennsylvania State University, 2000

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Curriculum Materials

The Prevention Research Center for the Promotion of Human Development at Penn State
The Center focuses on research of at risk youth and how communities can prevent maladaptive behavior by these children.  They currently have several projects they are reviewing and reports on previous research.

Project Achieve
"Stop and Think" Social Skills Program in Project Achieve's Building Strong Schools to Strengthen Student Outcomes
This program has demonstrated success in reducing student discipline referrals to the principal's office, suspensions, and expulsions; it works to build positive school climates and pro-social interactions by increasing students' on-task behavior and improving academic performance.

Promising Practices Network
This web site offers research based information on a variety of programs for children and families.  Here you will find programs that have been proven to work as well as programs that are promising in managing behavior and anger.

The PREPARE Curriculum: Teaching Prosocial Competencies
By: Arnold P. Goldstein, 1999
Book on effective intervention programs for educators and mental health professionals.

Reducing Behavior Problems in the Elementary School Classroom
By: Michael Epstein, Marc Atkins, Douglas Cullinan, Krista Kutash, and Robin Weaver
IES Practice Guide: What Works Clearing House, 2008

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