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Strikes were a part of Women's Day before. With Trump, they will be again | Cinzia Arruzza and Tithi Bhattacharya

The Guardian | Protest -

As progress is being rapidly rolled back, we need a feminism of the 99% to take action. That’s why women in 30 countries are taking to the streets on 8 March

It is time to re-politicize Women’s Day. It has often been celebrated with brunches, flowers and Hallmark cards. But in the age of Trump, we need a feminism of the 99% to take action. That is why we are inviting women across the world to join us in an international day of strikes on 8 March.

The immense women’s marches of 21 January and their resonance across the country demonstrated that millions of women in the United States are finally fed up not only with the blatant misogyny of the Trump’s administration, but also with decades of continuous attacks on women’s lives and bodies.

Related: Women of America: we're going on strike. Join us so Trump will see our power

Related: Forget protest. Trump's actions warrant a general national strike | Francine Prose

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Anti-Trump protests held across the UK – video

The Guardian | Protest -

Thousands of people gathered to protest in different parts of the UK on Monday to protest President Donald Trump. MPs held a debate to decide whether Trump’s invitation of a state visit should be downgraded and stripped of its royal seal of approval

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John Irving attacks 'intolerant' Trump in defence of political awards speeches

The Guardian | Protest -

Writer of The Cider House Rules laments new president’s threat to LGBT and abortion rights, and says winners at next weekend’s Oscars should be free to protest

Oscar-winning novelist John Irving has taken aim at Donald Trump over the latter’s threat to LGBT and abortion rights as well as religious-based bigotry.

Irving, who won a best adapted screenplay Oscar in 2000 for the adaptation of his own novel The Cider House Rules, has contributed an essay to the Hollywood Reporter in which he considered the “protocol” over whether or not award winners should make explicitly political speeches.

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You won’t feel alone if you go to a protest on your own | Carmen Fishwick

The Guardian | Protest -

Don’t be frightened of joining tonight’s Stop Trump march without friends. Take it from me, the sense of unity and camaraderie will be empowering

If we’ve gained anything positive from Donald Trump it’s that he’s reaffirmed so many of our beliefs: that we should live in a tolerant and compassionate world, free from racism and misogyny – and how ridiculous it seems to even have to state that. About 5 million people worldwide protested in solidarity with the Women’s March on Washington last month, and many went on to rally against the US travel ban. This evening – in coordination with One Day Without Us, protesting today for migrant rights – there is a march on parliament against Donald Trump’s divisive rhetoric and actions, and the complicity of Theresa May and the British government in supporting him.

Related: Stop Trump group aims for biggest protests in UK history

Related: Signs from women's marches around the world – in pictures

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Campaigners reject plastics-to-fuel projects: but are they right?

The Guardian | Protest -

Campaigns in the UK and Australia point to grassroots backlash against plastics-to-fuel sector that could be worth £1.5bn by 2024

“A rural residential community is not the right site to be testing this technology,” says Naomi Joyce, a solicitor from Appley Bridge, Lancashire. Born and raised in the village, Joyce helped to lead its fight against a proposed waste-to-fuel plant, which had hoped to convert up to 6,000 tonnes of plastic rubbish into diesel, gasoline and other products each year.

Worried that harmful fumes would pollute their valley, locals rallied against the proposal – signing petitions, writing to the council and protesting in the street. In January last year, the project was shelved.

Related: M&S and Unilever promise plastic redesign to cut waste

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'Science for the people': researchers challenge Trump outside US conference

The Guardian | Protest -

Scientists rally in Boston amid alarm over president’s views and fears for the future of the EPA, as ecologist likens current struggle to Galileo’s

Hundreds of scientists, environmental activists and others rallied in Boston on Sunday to protest what they call the “direct attack” of Donald Trump and Republicans on research, scientific institutions and facts themselves.

Gathering in Boston’s Copley Square, outside the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, several scientists gave speeches to a crowd holding signs shaped like beakers and reading “Stand up for science”. The speeches reflected a sea change in the culture of many labs and universities, where many researchers long maintained that good scientific work could speak for itself.

Related: 'Draconian' Trump gag on scientists could affect legislation, experts warn

Related: Trump is copying the Bush censorship playbook. Scientists aren't standing for it | Dana Nuccitelli

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Stop Trump group aims for biggest protests in UK history

The Guardian | Protest -

Group has hired a staff member to coordinate plans for demonstrations during president’s state visit

Activists, MPs and trade unions have vowed to hold the biggest demonstrations in UK history, outstripping the Iraq war protests, when Donald Trump makes his state visit later this year, and will kick off a programme of opposition to the US president with a migrant solidarity rally on Monday.

The Stop Trump coalition has hired a permanent staff member to coordinate protest efforts, with £16,000 raised via crowdfunding and £10,000 donated by the trade union Unison.

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Chinese ballet show draws protests for 'glorifying Red Army'

The Guardian | Protest -

Minister says staging The Red Detachment of Women is a privilege but protest organiser says government needs to understand what the story is about

Protesters in Melbourne have called for a boycott of a visiting Chinese ballet performance that they say “glorifies the Red Army”.

The National Ballet of China is performing The Red Detachment of Women, created in 1964, , at the Arts Centre in Melbourne.

Related: ‘The conversation’s changed’: how Asian culture edged into the Australian mainstream

Related: What's next for the Australian Ballet: 'We have to create the classics for the future'

Related: Kenya's slum ballet school – in pictures

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Donald Trump will use every weapon to stamp out the grassroots resistance | Douglas Williams

The Guardian | Protest -

Social movements play a critical role in holding his administration to account. But Trump’s recent executive orders could endanger their survival

Pundits say Donald Trump is “undermining democracy.” But their concern is often just about elite institutions: the media, the judiciary, the electoral system. What is ignored is the effect that the Trump administration will have on the social movements, which serve as pillars of the resistance. If these fall, our democracy will be irreparably harmed.

Democracy extends far beyond the ballot box – it includes the active participation of labor and racial justice movements in civil society. People tend to think that voting and electioneering are the sum total of democracy. It makes sense in a way; media influences public opinion, and the eyes of the media are trained on the horse-race aspects of American politics. But thinking this way misses the bigger picture.

Related: Forget protest. Trump's actions warrant a general national strike | Francine Prose

Related: Women of America: we're going on strike. Join us so Trump will see our power

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Campaigners urge Iran to free mother of shot protester

The Guardian | Protest -

Shahnaz Akmali, who was arrested last month, became outspoken after her son was killed in post-election unrest in 2009

Human rights campaigners have accused Iran of silencing the mother of a protester who was killed in post-election unrest in 2009.

Shahnaz Akmali’s son, Moustafa Karimbeigi, was shot dead in December 2009 during protests after Mahmoud Ahmadinejad won a second term in office.

Related: Iran uprising turns bloody

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Ken Montague obituary

The Guardian | Protest -

My friend and comrade Ken Montague, who has died aged 70 from pancreatic cancer, was a lecturer, writer, climate change activist, trade unionist and Socialist Workers party member, who played a big part in the 1976-78 Grunwick strike for union recognition.

The son of Florence (nee Needham), a housewife, and Walter Montague, an engineer, he was born in Stepney, east London. On leaving Raine’s Foundation grammar school, he studied literature at the University of Essex and took his MA there, then gained a certificate of education at Garnett College (now part of Greenwich University).

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'I could be arrested or killed': the activists defending Cambodia's forests

The Guardian | Protest -

Timber tycoons are collaborating with Cambodian officials to strip Prey Lang forest. John Vidal meets the activists risking their lives to stop deforestation

We crouch in a shallow trench deep in Cambodia’s Prey Lang forest. The flies bite and we face walls of fallen trees. Fifty yards away a tall fence surrounds a secret logging camp which forestry investigator Leng Ouch has identified with a drone.

Armed guards bar entry to the camp, which Leng says is owned by a relation of a prominent member of government; so he follows the fence until he finds a gap. Slipping into the large timber yard, he darts from one large stack of logs to another, dodging behind idle bulldozers, log stackers, trucks, tractors and a sawmill. He photographs each pile to record numbers, tree sizes and species.

Related: We are destroying rainforests so quickly they may be gone in 100 years | John Vidal

I know that my life and even my family is at risk [but] I still try to save the forest

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Samba troupe's political plan for Rio carnival ignites firestorm with farm lobby

The Guardian | Protest -

A samba school’s decision to focus on indigenous people and deforestation at this year’s carnival has caused anger among agribusinesses in Brazil

It is close to midnight in Rio de Janeiro’s north zone, and hundreds of city-dwellers are marching around a hangar-like building, chanting solidarity with distant indigenous tribes and their fight to conserve the rainforest from hydroelectric dams and agribusiness.

“Sacred garden discovered by the white man, the heart of my Brazil bleeds,” they sing, the words and music echoing through the streets outside. “A beautiful monster steals the children from the land, devours forests and dries up rivers, greed has destroyed so much wealth.”

Related: Belo Monte, Brazil: The tribes living in the shadow of a megadam

For the first time, Amazon destruction stops being the territory of environmentalists and becomes part of pop culture

Related: Brazil's plan to roll back environment laws draws fire: 'The danger is real'

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Anish Kapoor joins global art coalition in fight against bigotry

The Guardian | Protest -

British sculptor among hundreds of leading figures producing events for Hands Off Our Revolution collective

More than 200 artists, musicians, writers and curators have signed up to a global art coalition promising to stage exhibitions and events confronting the rise of rightwing populism.

Leading figures including Steve McQueen, Laurie Anderson, Ed Ruscha, Mark Wallinger, Cornelia Parker, Wolfgang Tillmans, Anish Kapoor and Tacita Dean have all given their support to the Hands Off Our Revolution movement, whose website was formally launched on Thursday.

Related: Anish Kapoor: superstar sculptor who loves to court scandal | Observer profile

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How to counter Trump’s efforts to reduce outrage

Waging Nonviolence -

by Brian Martin

Embed from Getty Images

The Trump administration’s policies have already triggered public outrage and massive opposition. To understand the techniques that make opposition effective, it is useful to look at regular patterns of injustice and outrage.

When powerful groups do things that might trigger resistance, they regularly use five methods to reduce public outrage: cover-up, devaluation, reinterpretation, official channels and intimidation/rewards. Take torture for example. Cover-up is exemplified by the fact that torture is nearly always done in secret. Devaluation is the labeling of victims as terrorists or criminals. Reinterpretation is the justification of torture by the need to obtain crucial information. Official channels come into play when torture is challenged and governments set up inquiries or charge low-level functionaries, thereby giving the appearance — but not the substance — of justice. The method of intimidation/rewards is seen when victims are threatened with further reprisals if they speak out or senior officials are rewarded with promotions.

All of these techniques were used in the case of torture by U.S. guards at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, as revealed in 2004. They can also be found in all sorts of injustices, including censorship, sexual harassment, economic inequality and genocide. The Nazis under Hitler, despite dictatorial powers, used the same methods to reduce outrage.

It is, therefore, predictable that the Trump administration will seek to reduce outrage over its policies. To illustrate this, and to show how the five usual methods can be countered, let’s look at the government’s attempted ban on entry to the United States by citizens of seven countries.

Exposure

The first thing to note is that the government openly announced the ban on January 27. It didn’t try to hide or cover it up, which enabled massive opposition to emerge rapidly. This runs very much counter to some of Barack Obama’s repressive policies — the prosecution of whistleblowers using the Espionage Act and the murder of thousands of people using drones — which were carried out with little publicity on the administration’s part.

Not all of Trump’s damaging policies will be so highly visible — for example, the planned repeal of the Dodd-Frank financial oversight law may pass under the radar. Therefore, the important lesson for opponents is that exposure of injustice is crucial. Whistleblowers, investigative journalists, courageous editors and social media networks all help convey information to receptive audiences. Publicity is vital for mobilizing opposition.

Validation

In an effort to devalue the target of the ban — which was obviously Muslims — the Trump administration claimed its aim was to stop terrorists.

The counter to such devaluation is validation, namely asserting and raising the status of those targeted. One effective counter was to tell stories about particular individuals adversely affected by the ban, especially ones with notable accomplishments or whose plight was especially unfair. For example, the story of a young software engineer working for Facebook, with photos and personal details, can cause readers to empathize with the individual, undermining rhetoric about terrorism.

Another technique of validation is endorsement by and affiliation with valued members of the community. When dozens of leaders of major technology companies protested against the ban and expressed solidarity with their foreign-born employees, this undermined the credibility of the ban.

Interpretation

To counter the technique of reinterpretation, it is necessary to explain why the action is unjust. Critics of the ban were quick to point out that the ban might actually foster more terrorism by giving credence to extremist claims that the U.S. government is anti-Muslim. Critics also pointed out that countries where Trump has investments were not affected.

Trump framed the ban in the language of anti-terrorism. Critics countered by framing it as a violation of the principles underlying U.S. freedoms.

Mobilization

When a powerful group does something that others see as unfair, one of the ways to reduce outrage is to refer the issue to a formal process or agency, such as an expert panel or court, that is supposed to deliver justice. However, when the perpetrators are powerful, official channels often serve to reduce outrage while giving only an appearance of justice. Because people believe that official channels are addressing the problem, they are less likely to protest. Furthermore, official channels are slow, depend heavily on experts (such as lawyers), and are highly procedural, so outsiders cannot easily understand how decisions are reached. In general, to increase the effectiveness of campaigns against injustice, it is usually better to avoid official channels and instead focus on mobilizing support.

In response to Trump’s entry ban, some opponents turned to the courts, having initial success in blocking implementation of the ban. The court process soon upstaged other forms of resistance. Another problem is that relying on the courts sets a precedent for other campaigns: It will seem that if a Trump order is judged legal by the courts, then it is acceptable.

Turning to the courts to oppose Trump actions thus has both positive and negative aspects. It may be successful in the short term or on a particular issue. However, it can also help legitimize measures that are unfair but legal. What’s more, it can disempower grassroots campaigning, thereby inhibiting the development of more creative and participatory methods of resistance.

Resistance

The final method for reducing outrage has two sides: intimidation and rewards. Undoubtedly many of those affected by the travel ban have been reluctant to speak out because they fear reprisals. On the other hand, those justifying and implementing the bans can expect support from the administration. For opposition to be effective, it is vital that some individuals and organizations resist despite the possibility of reprisals and that some players within the system refuse to participate despite rewards.

In the case of the travel ban, opponents have been highly successful in mobilizing support, to such an extent that it can be said that the ban backfired on the administration by empowering opponents and discrediting Trump.

The techniques of exposure, validation, interpretation, mobilization and resistance have been crucial in challenging the ban. The implication for future campaigns is to be aware of the methods commonly used by perpetrators of injustice to reduce outrage and be ready to counter each one of them.

We will not pay: the Americans withholding their taxes to fight Trump

The Guardian | Protest -

The new president has driven some to make a statement with their bank accounts – despite fears such a protest could send demonstrators to jail

Andrew Newman always pays his taxes, even if he hates what the government is doing with them. But not this year. For him, Donald Trump is the dealbreaker. He’ll pay his city and state taxes but will refuse to pay federal income tax as a cry of civil disobedience against the president and his new administration.

Newman is not alone. A nascent movement has been detected to revive the popularity of tax resistance – last seen en masse in America during the Vietnam war but which has been, sporadically, a tradition in the US and beyond going back many centuries.

Related: After the Women's March: six mass US demonstrations to join this spring

Related: The left is stealing from the right's playbook. Call it the Herbal Tea Party

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Literature on the political frontline | Letters

The Guardian | Protest -

As a book group we were motivated by the article by Danuta Kean (Report, 8 February) to do the same as the “mystery benefactor” she describes by giving away copies of George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale and Erik Larson’s In the Garden of Beasts. A local bookshop in Norwich has agreed for us to buy the books at cost price. We intend to pile them up in the shop with a poster announcing the date they are to be given away. We will encourage recipients to pass on their copies once they’ve read them. With luck, this will help us reach beyond the bubble of those who already share our opposition to Donald Trump. We encourage other book groups to follow suit and spread the Read Up! Fight Back! campaign begun in Haight-Ashbury, California.
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Romanian parliament approves anti-corruption referendum

The Guardian | Protest -

Politicians agree to public vote following mass protests and international concern over plans to water down anti-graft legislation

Romania’s parliament has agreed to hold a referendum on fighting official corruption following pressure from public protests.

An estimated 70,000 people took to the streets on Sunday for the 13th consecutive night of anti-government demonstrations. Those campaigning have accused the government of attempting to water down anti-corruption laws.

Related: ‘We must fight on’ – Romania’s crusader against corruption will not back down

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The Guardian view on the Baftas and the Grammys: protest and survive | Editorial

The Guardian | Protest -

Most winners were a bit political, but only Ken Loach delivered an unequivocal message

Lights, cameras, a global TV audience: the awards season is the moment for what in calmer times can look like virtue signalling. Now, though, 2017 has become a moment where, in the words of Viola Davies (Bafta, best supporting actress), it is a duty and a privilege to turn fame to protest.

Nothing new here: in 1973, The Godfather star Marlon Brando sent the native American actor Sacheen Littlefeather to turn down his best actor Oscar in protest at the way Hollywood treated native Americans. Patricia Arquette has protested about pay inequality, Leonardo DiCaprio about climate change, Richard Gere about the Chinese occupation of Tibet.

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