John Stranlund
Environmental and Natural Resource Economics
222 Stockbridge Hall
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, MA 01003

Email:  stranlund "at"

Google Scholar

Click here for a picture that is easier on the eyes because my wife Laura is in it.

Most of my research focuses on the theory and experimental evaluation of environmental and natural resource management. I am primarily interested in two areas: 1) compliance behavior and enforcement of environmental and natural resource policies, and 2) the local governance of common pool natural resources in the developing world. I have been fortunate to have been a part of several research initiatives in South America. Here is an example of an initiative in Chile: Millennium Science Initiative

Journal Articles

Cason, Tim, John K. Stranlund and Frans de Vries. 2022. Investment Incentives in Tradeable Pollution Markets with Price Controls. Forthcoming Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists. Paper

Manuel Estay and John K. Stranlund. 2022. Entry, Location and Optimal Environmental Policies. Forthcoming Resource and Energy EconomicsPaper

Chavez, Carlos A., James J. Murphy, and John K. Stranlund. 2021. Co-enforcement of Common Pool Resources: Experimental Evidence from TURFs in Chile. Environmental and Resource Economics 80, 425–450. Paper

McEvoy, David M. and John K. Stranlund. 2020. The Role of Payoff Inequality in the Formation of Coalitions to Provide a Public Good. Strategic Behavior and the Environment 8(2), 99-130. Paper

Stranlund, John K.; James J. Murphy, John M. Spraggon, and Nikolaos Zirogiannis. 2019. Tying Enforcement to Prices in Emissions Markets: An Experimental Evaluation. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 98, 102246.  Paper

DeGeest, Lawrence, and John K. Stranlund. 2019. Defending Public Goods and Common-Pool Resources. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 79, 143-154. Paper

Stranlund, John K. and Insung Son. 2019. “Prices versus Quantities versus Hybrids in the Presence of Co-pollutants.” Environmental and Resource Economics 73(2), 353-384.  Paper

Chavez, Carlos A., James J. Murphy, and John K. Stranlund. 2018. "Managing and Defending the Commons: Experimental Evidence from TURFs in Chile." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 91, 229-246. Paper

Stranlund, John K. 2017. The Economics of Enforcing Emissions Markets: A Review of the Literature. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 11(2), 227-246. Paper

DeGeest, Lawrence, John K. Stranlund and John M. Spraggon. 2017. “Deterring Poaching of a Common Pool Resource: An Experimental Evaluation.” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 141, 254-276. Paper

McEvoy, David M.; Todd L. Cherry and John K. Stranlund. 2015. “Endogenous Minimum Participation in International Environmental Agreements: An Experimental Analysis.” Environmental and Resource Economics 62(4), 729-744. Paper

Salgado, Hugo, Carlos Chavez, Montserrat Miller, and John K. Stranlund. 2015. "ITQ Markets with Administrative Costs: An Application to the Industrial Common Sardine and Anchovy Fishery in Chile." Marine Policy 62, 178-185. Paper

Stranlund, John K., 2015. “A Note on Correlated Uncertainty and Hybrid Environmental Policies.” Environmental and Resource Economics 61(4), 463-476. Paper

Spraggon, John M., Andrea Vergara Sobarzo, John K. Stranlund. 2015. "A Note on Stochastic Public Revelation of Voluntary Contributions to Public Goods." Economics Letters 126, 144-146. Paper

Stranlund, John K.; James J. Murphy, and John M. Spraggon. 2014. “Price Controls and Banking in Emissions Trading: An Experimental Evaluation.”Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 68(1), 71-86. Paper

Stranlund, John K., and L. Joe Moffitt. 2014.  “Enforcement and Price Controls in Emissions Trading.”Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 67(1), 20-38 . Paper

Chavez, Carlos A., and John K. Stranlund. 2013. “Who Should Bear the Administrative Costs of an ITQ Fishery?” Marine Resource Economics 28(3), 243-261. Paper

Stranlund, John K., and Carlos A. Chavez. 2013. “Who Should Bear the Administrative Costs of an Emissions Tax?” Journal of Regulatory Economics 44(1), 53-79. Paper

Velez, Maria Alejandra; John K. Stranlund and James J. Murphy. 2012. “Preferences for Government Enforcement of a Common Pool Harvest Quota: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Fishing Communities in Colombia.” Ecological Economics 77, 185-192. Paper

Lopez, Maria Claudia, James J. Murphy, John M. Spraggon and John K. Stranlund. 2012. “Comparing the Effectiveness of Regulation and Pro-Social Emotions to Enhance Cooperation: Experimental Evidence from Fishing Communities in Colombia.”Economic Inquiry 50(1), 131-142. Paper

Chavez, Carlos A., John K. Stranlund and Walter Gomez. 2011. “Controlling Urban Air Pollution Caused by Households: Uncertainty, Prices, and Income.”Journal of Environmental Management92(10), 2746-2753. Paper

Stranlund, John K.; James J. Murphy, and John M. Spraggon. 2011. “An Experimental Analysis of Compliance in Dynamic Emissions Markets.”Journal of Environmental Economics and Management62(3), 414-429Paper

McEvoy, David; James J. Murphy, John M. Spraggon and John K. Stranlund. 2011. “The Problem of Maintaining Compliance in Stable Coalitions.” Oxford Economic Papers 63(3), 475-498. Paper

McEvoy, David and John K. Stranlund. 2010. “Costly Enforcement of Voluntary Environmental Agreements.” Environmental and Resource Economics. 47(1), 45–63. Paper

L. Joe Moffitt, John K. Stranlund and Craig D. Osteen. 2010. “Securing the Border from Invasives: Robust Inspections under Severe Uncertainty.” Economics Research International. doi:10.1155/2010/510127.

Velez, Maria Alejandra; James J. Murphy, and John K. Stranlund. 2010. “Centralized and Decentralized Management of Local Common Pool Resources in the Developing World: Experimental Evidence from Fishing Communities in Colombia.” Economic Inquiry 48(2), 254-265.

Stranlund, John and Wei Zhang. 2009. ''Bankruptcy Risk, Limited Liability and Imperfectly Enforced Emissions Taxes.'' Economics Bulletin, 29(4), 3134-3146.

Chavez, Carlos A., Mauricio G. Villena, and John K. Stranlund. 2009. “The Choice of Policy Instruments to Control Pollution under Costly Enforcement and Incomplete Information.” Journal of Applied Economics 12(2), 207-227.

Stranlund, John K.; Carlos A. Chavez, and Mauricio G. Villena. 2009. “The Optimal Pricing of Pollution When Enforcement is Costly.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 58(2), 183–191.

Chavez, Carlos A., and John K. Stranlund. 2009. “A Note on Emissions Taxes and Incomplete Information.” Environmental and Resource Economics 44(1), 137-144.

Velez, Maria Alejandra; John K. Stranlund and James J. Murphy. 2009. “What Motivates Common Pool Resource Users? Experimental Evidence from the Field.” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 70(3), 485-497.

McEvoy, David M. and John K. Stranlund, 2009. “Self-Enforcing International Environmental Agreements with Costly Monitoring for Compliance.” Environmental and Resource Economics 42(4), 491-508. Reprinted in Game Theory and International Environmental Cooperation. 2015. Michael Finus and Alejandro Caparros (eds.). Edward Elgar Publishing.

L. Joe Moffitt, John K. Stranlund and Craig D. Osteen. 2008. “Robust Detection Protocols for Uncertain Introductions of Invasive Species.” Journal of Environmental Management 89(4), 293–299.

Stranlund, John K. and Wei Zhang. 2008. “Bankruptcy Risk and the Performance of Tradable Permit Markets." Economics Bulletin 17(9), 1-9.

Stranlund, John K. 2008. “Risk Aversion and Compliance in Markets for Pollution Control.” Journal of Environmental Management 88, 203-210.

Stranlund, John K. and Yakov Ben-Haim. 2008. “Price-Based vs. Quantity-Based Environmental Regulation under Knightian Uncertainty: An Info-Gap Robust Satisficing Perspective.” Journal of Environmental Management 87, 443–449.

Stranlund, John K. 2007. "The Regulatory Choice of Noncompliance in Emissions Trading Programs."Environmental and Resource Economics 38(1), 99-117.

Murphy, James J. and John K. Stranlund. 2007. "A Laboratory Investigation of Compliance Behavior under Tradable Emissions Rights: Implications for Targeted Enforcement." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 53(2), 196-212.

Murphy, James J. and John K. Stranlund. 2006. "Direct and Market Effects of Enforcing Emissions Trading Programs: An Experimental Analysis." Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 61(2), 217-233.

Wu, Kai; Anna Nagurney, Zugang Liu, and John K. Stranlund. 2006. Modeling Generator Power Plant Portfolios and Pollution Taxes In Electric Power Supply Chain Networks: A Transportation Network Equilibrium Transformation. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 11(3), 171-190.

Moffitt, L. Joe; John K. Stranlund and Barry C. Field. 2005. Inspections to Avert Terrorism: Robustness under Severe Uncertainty. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management 2(3), Article 3 .

Stranlund, John K.; Christopher Costello and Carlos A. Chavez. 2005. Enforcing Emissions Trading When Emissions Permits are Bankable. Journal of Regulatory Economics 28(2), 181-204.

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Bernard Morzuch and John K. Stranlund. 2005. Production of Chlorofluorocarbons in Anticipation of the Montreal Protocol. Environmental and Resource Economics30(4), 377-391.

Chavez, Carlos A. and John K. Stranlund. 2003. Enforcing Transferable Permit Systems in the Presence of Market Power. Environmental and Resource Economics 25 (1), 65-78, May.

Stranlund, John K.; Carlos A. Chavez and Barry Field. 2002. Enforcing Emissions Trading Programs: Theory, Practice and Performance. Policy Studies Journal 30(3), 343-361. Reprinted in Making Law Work: Environmental Compliance and Sustainable Development, Volume II . 2005. Durwood Zaelke, Donald Kaniaru and Eva Kruzikova (eds.), Cameron May Ltd., London.

Cardenas, Juan-Camilo, John K. Stranlund and Cleve Willis. 2002. Economic Inequality and Burden-Sharing in the Provision of Local Environmental Quality. Ecological Economics 40(3), 379-395.

Cardenas, Juan-Camilo, John K. Stranlund and Cleve Willis. 2000. Local Environmental Control and Institutional Crowding-Out. World Development 28(10), 1719-1733.  Reprinted in: The Economics of Environmental Policy: Behavioral and Political Dimensions. 2016. Thomas Sterner and Jessica Coria (eds.). Edward Elgar Publishing.

Stranlund, John K. and Carlos Chavez. 2000. Effective Enforcement of a Transferable Emissions Permit System with a Self-Reporting Requirement. Journal of Regulatory Economics 18(2), 113-131.

Stranlund, John K. 1999. Bargaining to Preserve a Unique Eco-System: The Role of Anticipatory Investments to Establish Stronger Bargaining Positions. Ecological Economics 31 (3), 425 – 437.

Stranlund, John K. and Kathy Dhanda. 1999. Endogenous Monitoring and Enforcement of a Transferable Emissions Permit System. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 38(3), 267-282.

Stranlund, John K. 1999. Sunk Capital and Negotiated Resolutions of Environmental Conflicts. Land Economics 75(1), 142-155.

Stranlund, John K. 1997. Public Technological Aid to Support Compliance to Environmental Standards.Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 34(3), 228-239.

Richer, Jerrell and John K. Stranlund. 1997. Threat Positions and the Resolution of Environmental Conflicts. Land Economics 73(1), 58-71.

Nagurney, Anna, Kathy Dhanda and John K. Stranlund. 1997. General Multiproduct, Multipollutant Market Pollution Permit Model: A Variational Inequality Approach. Energy Economics 19, 57 76.

Stranlund, John K. 1996. On the Strategic Potential of Technological Aid in International Environmental Relations. Journal of Economics-Zeitschrift fur Nationalokonomie 64(1), 1-22.

Stranlund, John K. 1995. Public Mechanisms to Support Compliance to an Environmental Norm.Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 28, 205-222. Reprinted in The Economics and Environmental Monitoring and Enforcement. 2003. Clifford Russell (ed.), Ashgate Publishing.

Book Chapters

McEvoy, David M., Todd Cherry and John K. Stranlund. 2014. “International Environmental Agreements with Endogenous Minimum Participation and the Role of Inequality.”In Toward a New Climate Agreement: Conflict, Resolution and Governance, Todd Cherry, Jon Hovi and David McEvoy (eds.), Routledge, London. Paper

Stranlund, John K. 2013. “Chapter 29: Enforcement.” In the Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource and Environmental Economics, Jason Shogren (Editor in Chief), Elsevier Publishing. Paper

Stranlund, John K., James J. Murphy and John M. Spraggon. 2013.  “Imperfect Enforcement of Emissions Trading and Industry Welfare: A Laboratory Investigation.”  In the Handbook on Experimental Economics and the Environment, John List and Michael Price (eds.), Edward Elgar Publishing. Paper

Lopez, Maria Claudia; James J. Murphy, John M. Spraggon and John K. Stranlund. 2013.  “Does Government Regulation Complement Existing Community Efforts to Support Cooperation? Evidence from Field Experiments in Colombia.” In the Handbook on Experimental Economics and the Environment, John List and Michael Price (eds.), Edward Elgar Publishing.

Moeltner, Klaus; James J. Murphy, John K. Stranlund, and Maria Alejandra Velez. 2013. “Institutional Heterogeneity in Social Dilemma Games: A Bayesian Examination.” In the Handbook on Experimental Economics and the Environment, John List and Michael Price (eds.), Edward Elgar Publishing.

Woolley, Trisha; Anna Nagurney, and John Stranlund. 2009. “Spatially Differentiated Trade of Permits of Multipollutant Electric Power Supply Chains.” In Optimization in the Energy Industry. J. Kallrath, P. Pardalos, S. Rebennack, and M. Schei (eds.). Springer.

Murphy, James J. and John K. Stranlund. 2008. “An Investigation of Voluntary Discovery and Disclosure of Environmental Violations Using Laboratory Experiments.” Experimental Methods in Environmental Economics. Todd Cherry, Jason Shogren and Stephan Kroll (eds.) Routledge Publishing.

Moffitt L. Joe, John K. Stranlund, Barry C. Field, and Craig D. Osteen. 2007. "Robust Inspection for Invasive Species with a Limited Budget." In New Approaches to the Economics of Plant Health . Alfons Oude Lansink (ed.). Springer.

Cardenas , Juan-Camilo; John K. Stranlund and Cleve E. Willis. 2001. "Should the State Regulate the Local Commons? Lessons from Economic Experiments in the Field." In Integrated Conservation and Development in Tropical America : Experiences and Lessons in Linking Communities, Projects, and Policies, Robert E. Rhoades and Jody Stallings (eds.). SANREM CRSP, Athens , Georgia and CARE SUBIR, Ecuador.

Working Papers 

John K. Stranlund and Jeffrey Wagner. 2021. Tort Reform, Public Harm, and Welfare.  Paper

Chávez, Carlos A.,James J. Murphy, Felipe J. Quezada, John K. Stranlund. 2021. Endogenous Group Formation and Poaching: Experimental Evidence from TURFs in Chile. Paper

Son, Insung, and John K. Stranlund. 2019. Second-Best Regulation in the Presence of Co-pollutants. Paper


I currently teach two undergraduate courses, Introduction to Environmental Economics (2021 syllabus), which I offer every Spring semester, and Introduction to Natural Resource Economics (2021 syllabus), which is offered every Fall semester. In our graduate program I co-teach Environmental and Resource Economics (2021 syllabus) and Advanced Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (2021 syllabus) with Jamie Mullins and Nathan Chan, In these courses I focus on the theory of environmental regulation. I have collected my lecturer notes in an in-progress book: Lectures on the Theory of Environmental Regulation.