University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Seminars

The Interdisciplinary Seminar on Conflict and Violence is designed to promote interdisciplinary exchanges among faculty and students interested in the topics of conflict, violence, and peace, from a wide range of departments across campus. Each meeting includes a 30-35 minute presentation followed by a half-hour discussion.

Dr. Winnifred Louis
Dr. Winnifred Louis

Evidence-based Social Cohesion: The Intersection between Individual Pathology or Hatred and Collective Conflict

June 23, 2016

521B Tobin Hall   12-1:30 PM
Refreshments will be served

What is the contribution of psychology to understanding collective harmdoing and social cohesion?  How can we understand the intersection between individual pathology or hatred and collective conflicts, as in the case of hate crimes or “lone wolf” attacks?  The present talk presents a program of research on identity and norms which addresses these difficult questions, and attempts to distill a set of recommendations for policy-makers and researchers’ future directions.

Dr. Winnifred Louis, Associate Professor, School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Australia. Dr. Louis joined the School in 2001 as a postdoctoral research fellow from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and obtained a continuing position in 2005. In 2011 she was the recipient of a UQ Award for Teaching Excellence. Her research focuses on identity and decision-making; intergroup relations and conflict; collective action; and norms, attitudes and behaviour.

Alexandra Pittman
Alexandra Pittman

Contributing to Social Change: Tips for Negotiating the Academic-Practice Divide

April 9, 2015
Thursday April 9, 2015  1:00 - 2:00 P.M.
Commonwealth Honors College Events Hall - 160 East
Open to everyone    Refreshments served

Drawing on diverse experiences in monitoring and evaluation in the field, Pittman shares tips for students wishing to make a difference by applying their theoretical and academic skills to the international development and human rights sector. Case examples are presented from her work with peacebuilding and women’s rights work in Armenia and Azerbaijan, design and implementation of a participatory evaluation process with Moroccan activists, and development of a software product to track and visualize trends in social change data, Impact Mapper. 

Alexandra Pittman is the founder of Impact Mapper and AVP Global Consulting, LLC. Alexandra specializes in research and evaluation for human rights, women's rights, and social justice organizations, networks, and movements. Alexandra has worked with a diverse set of donors and international nonprofits since 2005, including Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID), Foundation Center, FRIDA | The Young Feminist Fund, Kvinna til Kvinna, Open Society Foundations (NYC and Armenia), Oxfam America, Oxfam International, Oxfam Great Britain, Mama Cash, Spring Strategies, UNDP, UN Women Trust Fund for VAW, and Women’s Learning Partnership (WLP).  


Publications span both professional and academic spheres, including a chapter in the 2011 Reality of Aid report (with Anne Schoenstein and Lydia Alpizar), a chapter on the family law reform in Morocco (with Rabéa Naciri) in Citizen Action and National Policy Reform: Making Change Happen (eds. John Gaventa and Rosemary McGee), a paper for UNDP on measuring gender equality and women's empowerment, a co-authored paper on M&E in women’s rights organizations, "Capturing Changes in Women’s Realities" (with Srilatha Batliwala), and was the creator and moderator of AWID's M&E wiki

Alexandra received her Masters degree in International Education Policy from Harvard University and PhD in Sociology and Cultural Psychology from Boston College. She also held a Senior Research Fellowship position at the Hauser Center for Nonprofits at Harvard University from 2010-2011, working on the role of brand in international nonprofits and philanthropies.

 

Andrew G. Reiter
Andrew G. Reiter

Fighting Over Peace: Spoilers, Peace Agreements, and the Strategic Use of Violence

March 5, 2015
Commonwealth Honors College Event Hall - 160 East    1:00 - 2:00 P.M.
Refreshments will be served

Who attempts to “spoil” civil war peace agreements, when and why do they do so, and how threatening are their violent actions? Andrew Reiter will address this important international security concern: explaining the emergence of spoilers; discussing their impact; and outlining effective strategies to manage them and, in turn, safeguard peace processes.

Andrew G. Reiter is an emerging scholar in the fields of conflict resolution and post-authoritarian and post-conflict reconstruction, particular issues concerning transitional justice. He is the co-author of Transitional Justice in Balance: Comparing Processes, Weighing Efficacy (USIP Press, 2010), and has published widely in academic journals, such as Human Rights Quarterly, Journal of Peace Research, International Studies Review, International Journal of Transitional Justice, Law & Society Review, and Armed Forces & Society.

Reiter has also consulted for several governments, international organizations, and NGOs on peace processes and post-conflict transitional justice decisions. In particular, he has been drawn on for questions concerning the use of amnesties as a peacemaking tool and the pursuit of justice and truth for former combatants and members of the armed forces.

 

Dennis J. Barr
Dennis J. Barr

Educating for Democracy Through Facing History and Ourselves

December 4, 2014
Commonwealth Honors College Events Hall - 160 East
Refreshments will be served

What kind of preparation do teachers need to be able to foster student's reflective engagement in the complex and controversial social and civic issues of our times, and how would we know if such preparation were successful?  In this seminar we will examine the role of education in promoting a civil society, focusing on the approach of Facing History and Ourselves, an international educational organization whose mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry.  Facing History integrates the study of history and ethics in ways that help teachers to promote young people’s informed and responsible civic engagement. We will discuss the evidence base for the program and the need for more research that documents the complex links between teacher development and student learning. There will be time for discussion regarding the program, relevant research, and implications for policy.

Dennis J. Barr, Ed.D., is a developmental psychologist interested in theory, research and practices related to fostering the social, moral, and civic development and engagement of youth.  He is the Director of Evaluation at Facing History and Ourselves, an international educational and professional development organization whose mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry. Dr. Barr is also an Adjunct Lecturer on Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education where he teaches a course on civic education using Facing History as a case study.  Dr. Barr has conducted numerous studies, and was most recently the principal investigator of a nationwide randomized controlled trial evaluating Facing History. The research team also developed several innovative measures of teacher and student growth for the study, which was published in Teachers College Record in March 2014.

David E. Matz
David E. Matz

Dialog, Coexistence and Power in Arab-Jewish Schools

October 16, 2014
Room 423 Tobin Hall
Refreshments will be served

There are only a few schools in Israel that intentionally bring together Arabs and Jews and teach a curriculum that reflects their joint presence in class. David Matz will discuss some of the issues raised by this arrangement, and some of the ways which the schools use to deal with them.

David E. Matz is Professor, founder and former director of the Department of Conflict Resolution, Human Security, and Global Governance; McCormack Graduate School, University of Massachusetts Boston. He is also an active dispute intervener. Professor Matz has focused his work on the techniques of mediation and negotiation and on the relationship of these to the workings of organizations and courts. In the United States, he has led in the development and use of assessment tools for court mediators and trained mediators, judges, and engineers. In Israel, he was central in developing policies and practices for the Israeli Ministry of Justice and Supreme Court in integrating mediation into the judicial system. He has also studied these approaches to the peace talks between the Israelis and the Palestinians and he has worked extensively with Arab and Jewish groups, here and abroad. More recently, he has begun work with courts and law schools in China and Nigeria.

Michael Klare
Michael Klare

Fueling the Fires: Resource Competition and Inequity

September 25, 2014
Room 423 Tobin Hall
Refreshments will be served

Most modern conflicts have multiple roots, usually involving some combination of ethnic, national, or religious antagonisms along with a history of grievances and provocations.  But underlying all this, more often than not, is competition for vital resources - land, water, food, energy, minerals, etc. - coupled with inequities in their allocation (or in the allocation of the revenues, or "rents," produced by their exploitation).  These issues must be addressed in any successful efforts at international peacemaking.

Michael Klare is the Five College Professor of Peace and World Security Studies, a joint appointment at Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, and Smith Colleges and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.  His also serves as Director of the Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies.

Professor Klare has written widely on world security affairs, resource geopolitics, and energy issues.  His most recent books include Resource Wars (2001), Blood and Oil (2005), Rising Powers, Shrinking Planet (2008), and The Race for What’s Left (2012).  Klare is the defense correspondent of The Nation magazine and written for many other publications, including Current History, Foreign Affairs, Newsweek, and Scientific American.

In addition to his academic and writing pursuits, Dr. Klare has worked with many non-governmental organizations on issues of peace, disarmament, human rights, and the environment.  He currently serves on the board of directors of the Arms Control Association.