In a paper recently published in the journal e-Neuro, Neuroscience and Behavior doctoral recipient Matthew LaClair, his advisor Agnès Lacreuse, and former postdoc Nicole Gervais examined whether biological sex influences some aspects of cognitive performance as well as neural connectivity measures in nonhuman primates. They identified sex differences in cognitive flexibility that are correlated with sex-dependent patterns of resting brain networks. Reversal learning, an aspect of executive function, showed these correlations when investigated. Studying the dynamics of these cognitive sex differences and associated brain networks across the lifespan may shed new light on sex-specific cognitive disorders.
July 11, 2019