Status
In Progress
Activity
Research
Project Dates
1/1/2024 - 12/31/2024
Approximate Project Cost
$184,000

"Spatiotemporal Trends in Pedestrian Crashes: Exploring the Influence of Socioeconomic, Demographic, Infrastructure, and Emerging COVID-19 Conditions" is a crucial study undertaken by researchers from the University of Maine (UMaine) and the University of Connecticut (UConn), in collaboration with Maine and Connecticut DOTs. This project seeks to understand the underlying factors contributing to the alarming increase in pedestrian fatalities and injuries in the United States, specifically the 7,388 pedestrian fatalities in 2021, a 13% rise from 2020. The research is particularly concerned with the disproportionate impact of pedestrian crashes on vulnerable populations, including low-income communities, people of color, and the elderly, and aims to address the equity issues arising from disparities in infrastructure.

The project is aligned with the NEUTC themes of Embedding Equity and Community Engagement within Transportation Safety and Improving Safety for all Modes and Populations. It will use econometrics and machine learning tools to analyze pedestrian crashes in Maine and Connecticut, focusing on rural and geographically isolated communities, low-income individuals, and other underserved groups.

The research plan is divided into several tasks, beginning with determining the appropriate scale for analysis and collecting relevant data on demographic, socioeconomic, environmental, and infrastructure variables. The project will utilize clustering algorithms and statistical models to identify patterns and contributing factors to pedestrian collisions, taking into account the effects of COVID-19 on transportation. The study's broader impact lies in filling knowledge gaps about disparities in crashes and how they evolve over time.