Climate change effects on deer and moose in the midwest

TitleClimate change effects on deer and moose in the midwest
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsWeiskopf, Sarah R., Ledee Olivia E., and Thompson Laura M.
JournalThe Journal of Wildlife Management
Date PublishedMar-03-2019
Keywords'Odocoileus virginianus, Alces alces, climate change, Midwest, moose, white‐tailed deer

Climate change is an increasing concern for wildlife managers across the United States and Canada. Because climate change may alter populations and harvest dynamics of key species in the region, midwestern states have identified the effects of climate change on ungulates as a priority research area. We conducted a literature review of projected climate change in the Midwest and the potential effects on white‐tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and moose (Alces alces). Warmer temperatures and decreasing snowpack in the region favor survival of white‐tailed deer. In contrast, moose may become physiologically stressed in response to warming, and increasing deer populations spreading disease will exacerbate the problem. Although there is some uncertainty about exactly how the climate will change, and to what degree, robust projections suggest that deer populations will increase in response to climate change and moose populations will decrease. Managers can begin preparing for these changes by proactively creating management plans that take this into account. © 2019 The Wildlife Society.

Short TitleJour. Wild. Mgmt.