Combining 2-level Logic Families in Grid-based Nanoscale Fabrics

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Publication Medium:

in Proceedings of IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Nanoscale Architectures (NanoArch)


pp. 101-108

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Most proposed architectures for nanoscale computing systems are based on a certain type of 2-level logic family, e.g., AND-OR, NOR-NOR, etc. In this paper, we propose a new fabric architecture that combines different logic families in the same nanofabric. To achieve this we apply very minor modifications on the way a nanogrid is controlled but without changing the basic manufacturing assumptions. This new hybrid 2-level logic based fabric yields higher density for the applications mapped to it. When fault tolerance techniques are added it significantly improves fault tolerance. A nanoscale processor is implemented on this fabric for evaluation purposes. We found that compared with an implementation on a NASIC (Nanoscale Application Specific IC) fabric withone type of 2-level logic, the density of this processor improves by up to 48% by using the hybrid logic. Furthermore, the yield is improved by 22% at 5% defective transistors and by 4X at 10% defect rates. Detailed analysis on density and yield is provided. The approach is applicable in grid-basedfabrics in general: e.g., it can be used in both NASIC and CMOL designs.