II Creative Reasoning Processes

When engaged in the process of constructing models that can explain phenomena, students can use analogies, extreme cases, thought experiments, and other sophisticated reasoning processes. However, using these effectively can be a challenge for most students. Fortunately, experienced teachers develop ways to recognize and support these kinds of reasoning.

For convenience, these processes are grouped here according to the modeling phases we most often see them supporting. These groupings are not definitive--a single process such as analogical reasoning may be used at most any point during model construction.