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Generalized Parking Function Polytopes

Generalized Parking Function Polytopes

A classical parking function of length $n$ is a list of positive integers $(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$ whose nondecreasing rearrangement $b_1 \leq b_2 \leq \cdots \leq b_n$ satisfies $b_i \leq i$. The convex hull of all parking functions of length $n$ is an $n$-dimensional polytope in $\mathbb{R}^n$, which we refer to as the classical parking function polytope. Its geometric properties have been explored in (Amanbayeva and Wang 2022) in response to a question posed in (Stanley 2020). We generalize this family of polytopes by studying the geometric properties of the convex hull of $\mathbf{x}$-parking functions for $\mathbf{x}=(a,b,\dots,b)$, which we refer to as $\mathbf{x}$-parking function polytopes. We explore connections between these $\mathbf{x}$-parking function polytopes, the Pitman-Stanley polytope, and the partial permutahedra of (Heuer and Striker 2022). In particular, we establish a closed-form expression for the volume of $\mathbf{x}$-parking function polytopes.This allows us to answer a conjecture of (Behrend et al. 2022) and also obtain a new closed-form expression for the volume of the convex hull of classical parking functions as a corollary. If there is time, partial progress on an extension to general $\mathbf{x}$ will be presented.

## Department of Mathematics and Statistics