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John M. Clark

Professor

I am a pesticide toxicologist with 35+ years’ professional experience and expertise in the fields of human exposure to pesticides, pesticide mode of action and molecular elucidation of resistance mechanisms. I have extensive experience studying the modes of action of pyrethroid, organophosphorus, carbamate, organochlorine, phenylpyrazole and macrocyclic lactone insecticides.

My research group has studied the neurotoxicology of insecticides, primarily dealing with Ca2+-dependent neurotransmitter release and voltage sensitive Ca2+-channels, in rat brain tissues for some 25+ years using a variety of biochemical approaches and techniques including: agonists/antagonists, radioisotopes, fluorescent probes, electrophysiology and functional and reverse genetics. We have studied the mechanisms of insecticide resistance in a variety of blood-sucking insect that vector disease and have used functional genomics to develop DNA-based diagnostics to monitor the evolution of resistance in vector populations.

Current Research
My research group, along with collaborators, are studying: (1) the role of insecticides in the increase occurrence of childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes; (2) the mode of action/resistance of a number of new insecticides for the control of human ectoparasites (e.g., lice, bed bugs and mosquitoes) and the development of sustainable resistance management strategies; (3) the effect of neurotoxicants on native channels and receptors expressed in neurolemma fragments injected into Xenopus laevis oocytes as a high-throughput screen to identify novel target sites; and (4) the role of the innate immune response in the evolution of vector competence in human lice.

Learn more at www.vasci.umass.edu/research-faculty/john-marshall-clark

Academic Background

  • BS Zoology, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, 1972
  • MS Entomology (Insecticide Toxicology), Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, 1977
  • PhD Toxicology, Michigan State University, 1981
Soderlund, D.M., Clark, J.M. et al. Mechanisms of Pyrethroid Neurotoxicity; Implications for Cumulative Risk Assessment. Toxicology. 2002. 171:3-59. PMID: 11812616
Park, Y., Kim, Y., Kim, J., Yoon, K.S., Clark, J.M., Lee. J., Park, Y. 2013. Imidacloprid, a neonicotinoid insecticide, potentiates adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J. Agric. Food. Chem. 61:255-259. PMID: 23215241.
Kim, J., Park, Y., Yoon, K.S., Clark, J.M., Park, Y. 2014. Permethrin alters adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and causes insulin resistance in C2C12 myotubes. J. Biochem. Mol. Toxicol. 28:418-424. PMID: 24911977
Sun, Q., Qi, W., Yang, J.J., Yoon, K.S., Clark, J.M., Park, Y. 2016. Fipronil promotes adipogenesis via AMPKα-mediated pathway in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Food and Chem. Toxicol. http://dxdoi.org/ 10.1016/j.fct.2016.04.011
Yoon, K.S., Symington, S.B., Lee, S.-H., Soderlund, D.M. and Clark, J.M.2008. Three Mutations Identified in the Voltage-sensitive Sodium Channel alpha-subunit Gene of Permethrin-resistant Human Head Lice Abolish Permethrin Sensitivity of the House Fly Vssc1 Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes. Insect. Biochem. & Mol. Biol. 38:296-306. PMC2329913
Kirkness, E.F., ...Clark, J.M. (6th of 72) et al. (The Human Body Louse Genome Consortium Group). 2010. Genome sequences of the human body louse and its endosymbiont provide insights into the permanent parasitic lifestyle. PNAS, 107:12168-12173. PMC2901460
Abromaitis S., Nelson, C.S., Previte, D., Yoon, K.S., Clark, J.M., DeRisi, J.L., Koehler J.E. 2013 Bartonella quintana deploys host and vector temperature-specific transcriptomes, PLOS ONE 8:e58773. PMC3595295
Previte, D.J., Olds, B.P., Yoon, K.S., Sun, W., Muir, B., Paige, K.N., Lee, S.H., Clark, J.M. Koehler, J.E., Pittendrigh, B.R., Clark, J.M. 2013. Differential gene expression in human head and body lice when challenged with Bartonella quintana, a pathogenic bacterium. Insect Molecular Biol. 23:244-254. PMC4454818
Yoon, K.S., Symington, S.B., Lee, S.-H., Soderlund, D.M. and Clark, J.M.2008. Three Mutations Identified in the Voltage-sensitive Sodium Channel alpha-subunit Gene of Permethrin-resistant Human Head Lice Abolish Permethrin Sensitivity of the House Fly Vssc1 Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes. Insect. Biochem. & Mol. Biol. 38:296-306. PMC2329913
Kirkness, E.F., ...Clark, J.M. (6th of 72) et al. (The Human Body Louse Genome Consortium Group). 2010. Genome sequences of the human body louse and its endosymbiont provide insights into the permanent parasitic lifestyle. PNAS, 107:12168-12173. PMC2901460
Abromaitis S., Nelson, C.S., Previte, D., Yoon, K.S., Clark, J.M., DeRisi, J.L., Koehler J.E. 2013 Bartonella quintana deploys host and vector temperature-specific transcriptomes, PLOS ONE 8:e58773. PMC3595295
Previte, D.J., Olds, B.P., Yoon, K.S., Sun, W., Muir, B., Paige, K.N., Lee, S.H., Clark, J.M. Koehler, J.E., Pittendrigh, B.R., Clark, J.M. 2013. Differential gene expression in human head and body lice when challenged with Bartonella quintana, a pathogenic bacterium. Insect Molecular Biol. 23:244-254. PMC4454818
Breckenridge, C., Holden, L., Nemec, M. Weiner, M., Sheets, L., Sargent, D., Choi, J-S., Soderlund, D.M, Symington, S.B., Clark, J.M, Burr, S., and D. Ray. 2009. Evidence for separate mechanisms of action of type I and type II pyrethroid insecticides. Neurotoxicology, 30:17-31. PMID: 19766671.
 
Contact Info

Department of Veterinary & Animal Sciences
N311b Morrill Science Center 1
631 North Pleasant Street
Amherst, MA 01003-9292

(413) 545-1052
jclark@vasci.umass.edu

www.vasci.umass.edu/research-faculty/john-marshall-clark