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Information Technology

Information Security Controls


A robust information security program is necessary for effective business operations and continuity, regulatory compliance and risk management.  A security program includes administrative controls (institutional policy, procedures, protocols, documentation, training), technical controls (software and hardware) and physical controls (secure physical access to systems and data) to help protect institutional information and research data.

This documentation maps relevant information security and privacy controls to the institutional information and research data categories established in the Information Security Policy

The user of every device connected to the campus network or that stores or transmits institutional information and research data is responsible for adherence to security control standards.

Foundational Information Security Controls

Per the Information Security Policy, all information technology resources, regardless of ownership, that contain institutional information or research data must have the following foundational information security controls in place and functioning:

  • Anti-virus software
  • Patching & central management of University-owned computers
  • Encryption
  • Firewalls
  • Secure disposal

Alternative, but equally effective, controls may be substituted in accordance with the exception process. Additional controls may be required based on the categorization of the information or data, the nature of the information technology resource, the applicable regulatory or contractual requirements, or other risk management calculations.

Information Security Controls for Institutional Information and Research Data Categories


NIST Special Publication 800-53 is the collection of controls referenced in the Information Security Policy. These security and privacy controls apply to an environment based on its overall categorization (Low, Moderate, High) and risk assessment.

The university provides certain services, such as the UMass Amherst Data Center, Active Directory, etc., to assist areas in complying with many of these controls.

The table below is an overview of the twenty control families in NIST 800-53.

Control Families


Control Family

Identifier Control Family


Access Control

MP Media Protection


Awareness and Training

PA Privacy Authorization


Audit and Accountability

PE Physical and Environmental Protection


Assessment, Authorization, and Monitoring

PL Planning


Configuration Management

PM Program Management


Contingency Planning

PS Personnel Security


Identification and Authentication

RA Risk Assessment


Individual Participation

SA System and Services Acquisition


Incident Response

SC System and Communications Protection



SI System and Information Integrity