Enobong Branch

Enobong (Anna) Hannah Branch is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Massachusetts–Amherst. Her research interests are in race, racism, and inequality; intersectional theory; work and occupations; and historical demography. Her book Opportunity Denied: Limiting Black Women to Devalued Work provides an overview of the historical evolution of Black women’s work and the social-economic structures that have located them in particular and devalued places in the U.S. labor market. She is the author of several articles published in The Sociological Quarterly; Sociological Perspectives; Social Science History; Journal of Black Studies; and Race, Gender, & Class. Her current research investigates rising employment insecurity in the post-industrial era through the lens of racial and gender inequality.

Selected Publications:

  • Branch, Enobong Hannah and Caroline Hanley. 2014. “Upgraded to Bad Jobs: Low-wage Black Women’s Relative Status Since 1970.” The Sociological Quarterly 55(2): 366-395.
  • Branch, Enobong Hannah and Caroline Hanley. 2013. “Interrogating Claims of Progress for Black Women since 1970.” Journal of Black Studies 44(2): 203-226.
  • Melissa Wooten and Branch, Enobong Hannah. 2012.  “Defining Appropriate Labor: Race, Gender, and the Idealization of Black Women in Domestic Service.” Race, Gender, & Class 19(3-4): 292-308.
  • Branch, Enobong Hannah and Melissa Wooten. 2012. “Suited for Service: Racialized Rationalizations for the Ideal of the Domestic Servant from the Nineteenth Century to the Early Twentieth Century.  Social Science History 36(2): 169-189.
  • Branch, Enobong Hannah. 2011. Opportunity Denied: Limiting Black Women to Devalued Work. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Keywords:  African American women, Employment History, Sex discrimination against women, Discrimination in employment, Low-wage Earnings, Occupations, Black women, Economic restructuring, Region South