The University of Massachusetts Amherst
Section Menu

Sisters of the Resistance: American Women Who Joined the French Resistance

Institute for Holocaust, Genocide, and Memory Studies logo

Alex Kershaw

On 15 August 1944, just ten days before Paris was liberated, three remarkable women, listed as American citizens by the Gestapo, were deported from Paris along with dozens of French men and women belonging to the creme de la creme of the French resistance: Toquette Jackson, wife of American doctor Sumner Jackson; Lucienne Dixon, who had worked at the Elizabeth Arden salon; and Virginia d'Albert-Lake, a 24-year-old from Dayton, Ohio. All three had risked everything to defeat Nazism. All three would help each other survive the unimaginable hell of Hitler's concentration camps as the Third Reich collapsed around them.