School or College:
The study examines how living arrangements (i.e., multigenerational families versus nuclear families) in urban China modify the association between women’s education and housework hours. This study found that the effect of women’s education in reducing housework is strengthened in multigenerational families. This is surprising, considering traditional family norms that allocate less power to wives because they are at the bottom of the power hierarchy. Yet in the context of modern urban China, the wife’s time might be considered more valuable compared to the time of their parents’ or in-laws’ given the wife’s greater earning potential. This suggests that educated wives have greater bargaining power in multigenerational families compared to nuclear families.