School or College:
Research Proposal Title:
A large literature demonstrates that work conditions, such as job stress, overload, and few family-friendly workplace policies, can impact workers’ mental and physical health. Moreover, occupational segregation related to social class, race and ethnicity is a source of significant health disparities for workers. According to the National Institutes of Health, “the examination of the role of work as a social determinant of health (SDOH) presents an opportunity for research that may illuminate causal pathways and potential solutions for health disparities.” Moreover, work, when conceptualized as a SDOH, can have intergenerational effects on children mediated through parents’ well-being and parenting quality. Notably, much of the research examining the effects of work on family life has focused on mothers, overlooking the pivotal role fathers can play in children’s development. For many fathers, who have historically seen their role as economic provider in the family as critical, the workplace can be a vital source of both stress and resilience that can impact their mental health and their parenting. The goal of the proposed study is to examine pathways whereby work conditions affect fathers’ well-being and parenting that, in turn, predict children’s well-being. In addition, given that social class and racial and ethnic disparities exist across occupations in the U.S., the research will address how families at greatest risk for workplace disparities, namely low-income families, and families of color are affected by these inequities.