Inside a building:

  • Get under a sturdy piece of furniture such as a desk if available
    • Cover your head and neck with your arms and hold on until the shaking stops.
  • Stay away from windows, hanging objects or tall furniture that can topple over or fall off the wall.
  • Expect fire alarm and sprinkler systems to activate.
  • Stay where you are until the shaking stops.


  • Move to a clear area away from trees, poles and buildings.
  • Drop to your knees and get into a fetal position, close your eyes and cross your arms over the back of your neck for protection.
  • Stay in this position until the shaking stops.
  • If in a moving vehicle pull to the side of the road as quickly as possible
    • Keep away from overhead hazards such as buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires.
    • Stay in the vehicle.

After shaking stops:

  1. Evacuate the building, taking your keys, wallet, purse and emergency supplies.
  2. Watch for people who are injured, trapped or need assistance. Provide assistance where possible. Do not move seriously injured persons and notify response workers to their location.
  3. Do not re-enter any building until declared safe by emergency authorities.
  4. Be prepared for aftershocks.
  5. Once the shaking has stopped, proceed with caution. Avoid bridges or ramps that might have been damaged by the quake.