Edward Snowden is a former intelligence officer who served the CIA, NSA, and DIA for nearly a decade as a subject matter expert on technology and cybersecurity. In 2013, he revealed that the NSA was seizing the private records of billions of individuals who had not been suspected of any wrongdoing, resulting in the most significant reforms to U.S. surveillance policy since 1978. He has received awards for courage, integrity, and public service. He joined the board of Freedom of the Press Foundation in February 2014 and was named the president of the board in 2016. In September 2019, he published his memoir, Permanent Record, and today works on methods of enforcing human rights through the application and development of new technologies.