The NBER’s Board of Directors elected Ina Ganguli as a Research Associate in the NBER’s program on Productivity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship. The NBER is a private, non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to conducting economic research and to disseminating research findings among academics, public policy makers and business professionals. NBER-affiliated researchers study a wide range of topics and they employ many different methods in their work. The NBER research brings critical information to many important public policy debates. Affiliation with the NBER is a privilege that enables a researcher to participate in a vibrant scholarly community that is committed to active and open discussion of research. Research Associates are the backbone of the NBER. They are the long-term affiliates who largely determine the direction and tone of research within each program. They play a critical role in helping to identify promising research initiatives, in recruiting new Faculty Research Fellow – the junior members of each program – and in raising funds to support program activities. The NBER is organized around twenty research programs, each of which consists of scholars whose expertise relates to a common core topic. Program members disseminate their research by presenting papers at program meetings and by submitting their work to the NBER Working Paper Series. The working papers are broadly distributed to universities, policy-makers, and members of the press, and they are also available on the NBER web site.