Censorship operated at various levels of the filmmaking process at the DEFA Studios. The role of the dramaturge was to help filmmakers develop scripts and films; at times this also involved helping them negotiate the demands of the administration and approval boards. In most cases, such behind-the-scenes work was successful. When it was not, films were either censored (see Banned Films above), or they were granted a “limited release,” with very few film prints and little advertising. Authorities objected to given films for many reasons, including for: their depiction of certain characters (The Axe of Wandsbek, The Bicycle); their avant-garde style (Farewell, The Land beyond the Rainbow); addressing taboo topics (Sun Seekers, The Flight, Jadup and Boel, The Tango Player); or presenting an unrealistic (and ostensibly unflattering) picture of political and social life in the GDR (The Dove on the Roof). 

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