In Arnold Zweig © DEFA-Stiftung, Joop Huisken
German-Jewish writer Arnold Zweig was born in 1887 in Glogau (now Głogów, Poland). He studied history, philosophy, psychology and literature at various German universities. In 1912, he published his first novel, Claudia; its psychologically complex characters become Zweig’s trademark in all his following works. Although he volunteered for military service and fought in France, Hungary and Serbia during WWI, Zweig left the army a convinced pacifist. Der Streit um den Sergeanten Grischa – the novel that brought him international fame – was based on his own combat experiences and was the first in a series of war novels. Zweig also became known for his essays, some of them co-written with his close friend Lion Feuchtwanger, about Judaism, anti-Semitism and the theories of Sigmund Freud. Zweig was one of the first authors to consider psychoanalysis in his writing, in part due to his long-standing friendship with Freud. In 1933, Zweig emigrated to Palestine via Czechoslovakia, Switzerland, and France. In Palestine, he worked on Das Beil von Wandsbek (published in Hebrew in 1943, in German and English in 1947), based on a newspaper article he had read. In this novel, he explored the psychological underpinnings of resistance and conformism in Nazi Germany.
In October 1948, Zweig returned from exile and settled in East Berlin, where he obtained high official positions. He became the president of the German Academy of Arts of the GDR (from 1950 until 1953) and the German P.E.N. Center East and West (after 1967 P.E.N. Center of the GDR). He died on November 26, 1968 in Berlin.
Bibliography & More:
|1962||Traum ist teuer (A Dream Is Expensive)|
|1957||Die Zeit ist reif (The Time Is Ripe)|
|1954||Die Feuerpause (Ceasefire)|
|1943||Das Beil von Wandsbek (The Axe of Wandsbek)|
|1935||Erziehung vor Verdun (Education before Verdun)|
|1934||Bilanz der deutschen Judenheit (Taking Stock of German Judaism)|
|1932||De Vriendt kehrt heim (De Vriendt Goes Home)|
|1931||Junge Frau von 1914 (Young Woman of 1914)|
|1927||Der Streit um den Sergeanten Grischa (The Case of Sergeant Grischa)|
|1920||Das ostjüdische Antlitz (The Face of Eastern Jewry)|