The University of Massachusetts Amherst
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Adrian Staub


Our research in the UMass Eyetracking Laboratory focuses on the cognitive mechanisms involved in real-time human language comprehension. How do we recognize individual words? How do we assign grammatical structure to sentences? How do we combine the meanings of individual words to construct a representation of the meaning of a phrase, clause, or sentence? We address these questions by means of a number of experimental techniques, but primarily by tracking readers' eye movements on a millisecond-by-millisecond time scale.

In other experiments, we use eye movements as a way of investigating aspects of memory, reasoning, or auditory perception; where the eyes look in a visual display tells us where visual attention is directed, and this is often informative about underlying cognitive processes.

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Academic Background:

  • BA Harvard University, 1992
  • MA University of Pittsburgh, 2002
  • PhD University of Massachusetts Amherst, 2008
Staub, A., & Goddard, K. (2019). The role of preview validity in predictability and frequency effects on eye movements in reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45, 110-127.
Staub, A., Dodge, S., & Cohen. A. (2019). Failure to notice function word repetitions and omissions in reading: Are eye movements to blame? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 26, 340-346.
Weiss, A. F., Kretzschmar, F., Schlesewsky, M., Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I., & Staub, A. (2018). Comprehension demands modulate re-reading, but not first pass reading behavior. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 198-210.
Frisson, S., Harvey, D. R., & Staub, A. (2017). No prediction error cost in reading: Evidence from eye movements. Journal of Memory and Language, 95, 200-214.
Starns, J. J., Chen, T., & Staub, A. (2017). Eye movements in forced-choice recognition: Absolute judgments can preclude relative judgments. Journal of Memory and Language, 93, 55-66.
Kretzschmar, F., Schlesewsky, M., & Staub, A. (2015). Dissociating word frequency and predictability effects in reading: Evidence from co-registration of eye movements and EEG. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41, 1648-1662.
Cohen, A. L., & Staub, A. (2015). Within-subject consistency and between-subject variability in Bayesian reasoning strategies. Cognitive Psychology, 81, 26-47.
Pazzaglia, A. M., Staub, A., & Rotello, C. M. (2014). Encoding time and the mirror effect in recognition memory: Evidence from eyetracking. Journal of Memory and Language, 75, 77-92.
Helfer, K. S., & Staub, A. (2014). Competing speech perception in older and younger adults: Behavioral and eye movement evidence. Ear and Hearing, 35, 161-170.
Staub, A., & Benatar, A. (2013). Individual differences in fixation duration distributions in reading. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20, 1304-1311.
White, S. J., & Staub, A. (2012). The distribution of fixation durations during reading: Effects of stimulus quality. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 38, 603-617.
Staub, A. (2011). Word recognition and syntactic attachment in reading: Evidence for a staged architecture. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 140, 407-433.
Staub, A. (2011). The effect of lexical predictability on distributions of eye fixation durations. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18, 371-376.
Staub, A., White, S. J., Drieghe, D., Hollway, E. C., & Rayner, K. (2010). Distributional effects of word frequency on eye fixation durations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36, 1280-1293.
Staub, A. (2010). Eye movements and processing difficulty in object relative clauses. Cognition, 116, 71-86.
Contact Info

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences
430 Tobin Hall
135 Hicks Way
Amherst, MA 01003
(413) 545-5925