COIN Signature Papers
Signature papers will use all or nearly all countries to investigate socially-important outcomes
of general interest. Although these papers attempt to balance breadth and depth with respect to
a given topic, they may tend to be more focused on breadth. These papers include:
- The Gender Earnings Gap. Is there a general tendency towards increased gender employment
equality? We use a Petersen et al. fixed effects decomposition method of the gender earnings gap by
year for each country, net of covariates. This encompasses analyzing the gender gap at the population,
establishment, occupation, and occupation-establishment levels. Lead investigator: Andrew Penner.
- Organizational Homogeneity. A variety of scholars have pointed out that increased
specialization, outsourcing, and sub-contracting of specialized low- and high-skill tasks
may be producing more homogenous workplaces. Are workplaces becoming increasingly homogenous
in their composition? To answer this question we calculate an exposure index for the likelihood
for a given employee encountering a dissimilar other. Lead investigator: Olivier Godechot.
- The Role of Workplaces in National Inequality Trends. Rising national earnings inequality has
received widespread attention. A few papers have connected this explicitly to workplaces, stressing two
processes - the rise in within-workplace inequality and the rise in between- workplace inequality. This
paper decomposes country-year trends in earnings inequality into between- and within-workplace components
and connects these trends to country levels and changes in protective labor market institutions. Lead
investigator: Donald Tomaskovic-Devey.
COIN Substantive Papers
Substantive papers will explore specific processes or groups of processes in depth. They will take
advantage of the data for specific questions and will not necessarily or even normally include all countries.
These papers include:
- Eastern European Transitions. How are the inequality consequences associated with transition
in Eastern Europe (e.g. EU policies, norms and practices, labor market and family policies, etc.)
similar and how do they reflect nationally-specific institutional trajectories? We intend to analyze
Eastern Germany, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, and potentially Hungary. Lead investigators: Alena
Křížková and Silvia Melzer.
- Incorporation of Immigrant Populations. How are countries similar and dissimilar in their
patterns of migrant employment incorporation? This project will investigate either workplace variation
in earnings gaps, ethnic enclaves, residential & workplace segregation, or migrant compositional effects on
native wages. We will examine these processes in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden.
Lead investigator: Mirna Safi. Affiliated researchers: Silvia Melzer & Are Hermansen.
- Precarity as Volatility. What are the consequences of employment volatility for
employment inequalities? Is volatility rising and where? We are conceiving of new ways to assess
employment volatility in the absence of conventional measures (i.e. employment contract) in
our data, using instead overall turnover, establishment-specific tenure, rapid changes in workplace size,
etc. Lead investigators: Eunmi Mun, Jiwook Jung, and Zoltán Lippényi.
- Occupational Rank Invariance. One puzzle in the comparative stratification literature
is that occupational ranking systems - whether based on prestige or mean education/income
(SES) - tend to be very highly correlated across countries and within countries over time.
This is the Trieman puzzle because it has strong empirical support, but seemingly weak
theoretical underpinnings. The idea here is to see if these ranking systems are invariant
across workplaces within countries. Lead investigators: Martin Hällsten and Dustin Avent-Holt.