Educational & Support Resources on Anti-Asian Hate
Since the start of the COVID pandemic, there has been a marked increase in incidents of harassment, bullying, verbal assault, and violence against Asians and Asian Americans. In response to this situation, below are resources to deal with anti-Asian hate and how to support the Asian & Asian American community.
Also, please see the Asian & Asian American Studies Program's statements on:
- Solidarity with Palestine (Fall 2021)
- Anti-Asian Racism, Xenophobia, and Gender-Based Violence (March 2021)
- Systemic Racism, Police Brutality, and the Covid-19 Situations (June 2020)
The following sites may contain useful resources for those who have experienced hate incidents (the non-UMass Amherst links are for informational purposes only and does not necessarily imply an endorsement):
- Report an Incident to the UMass Office of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
- The UMass Amherst Center for Counseling and Psychological Health has increased their remote-access groups and workshops to help students this semester. Stress GPS, Connections in Quarantine, Always Forward, and Meditation 101 are just some of those. Let’s Talk is a way for students to talk to a clinician on a drop in basis.
- UMass Student Life Office: Single Stop Resources
- Crisis Text Hotline
- SAMHSA National Helpline
- ProPublica: Resources for Victims and Witnesses of Hate Crimes and Bias Incidents
- Human Rights Campaign: What to Do If You’ve Been The Victim of a Hate Crime
- Tender, Loving Self-Care for Asian Americans
- Harvard Univ.: Resources for Asian and AAPI Students Experiencing COVID-19 Related Harassment
- U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division
- Covid-19 Multilingual Resource Hub
- Combat Hate Crime Toolkit in English and Various Asian Languages
- American Library Association
To report and document hate incidents, those affected are encouraged to report them using any or all of the following websites:
- Stop AAPI Hate
- Asian Americans Advancing Justice: Tell Your Story
- Asian Pacific Policy and Planning Council: Stop AAPI Hate
- OCA - Asian Pacific American Advocates
- Racism is Contagious
- Massachusetts Asian American Commission
- For the UMass Amherst community: Report an Incident to the UMass Office of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
- FBI: Report Online or Call 800-225-5324
Educational resources related to Asian American history, experiences, and anti-Asian hate:
- Perspectives on COVID-19 and Anti-Asian Bias and Xenophobia Zoom panel organized by the Office of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, Sept. 2020
- Office of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: Anti-Racism Resources
- Some good websites that educate about Asian American history and contemporary issues include Addressing Anti-Asian Bias, Asian American and Pacific Islander people’s history, Asian-Nation, NextShark, NBC News: Asian America, and HuffPost: Asian Voices, the Asian/Pacific American Cultures and Histories Syllabus, Hyphen Magazine, AsAm News, and 8Asians
- Stop Asian Hate Educational Resources
- American Studies Assn.: Addressing Anti-Asian, Anti-Sex Worker Violence
- San Francisco State Univ.: Asian and AAPI Solidarity Statement and Teaching Resources
Additional actions to support the Asian & Asian American community:
- Bystander Intervention Training to Stop Anti-Asian/American and Xenophobic Harassment
- Donate and get involved by supporting Asian American community-based organizations especially those that focus on Asian American women such as NAPAWF
- Read and assign articles in journals such as the Journal of Asian American Studies, Amerasia Journal, AAPI Nexus, Asian American Literary Review, Verge: Studies in Global Asias, and the Asian American Policy Review
- Support academic associations such as the Association for Asian American Studies and the Association for Asian Studies
- Read Asian American authors and books, such as these from the Asian American Writer’s Workshop, SocialJusticeBooks, Time, and Vox.
Statement of Solidarity with Palestine
The Asian & Asian American Studies Certificate Program at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst stands in solidarity with the Palestinian people and their struggles against historical and ongoing forms of injustice. We endorse and want to amplify the statements that have already been publicized by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center, the Association for Asian American Studies, and the Students for Justice in Palestine at UMass Amherst that detail the forced evictions, destruction of property, violence, and other forms of racism, settler colonialism, and oppression, particularly since May 2021. We also acknowledge the many previous and ongoing efforts at UMass Amherst and the Five Colleges, including from the Resistance Studies Initiative and numerous student groups, faculty members, and campus programs. We join them and many others in urging our political and educational leaders and everyone to fully commit to supporting freedom, justice, equality, and dignity for the Palestinian people.
Statement on Anti-Asian Racism, Xenophobia, and Gender-Based Violence (March 2021)
We stand against racism in all its forms. Since the start of the COVID pandemic, StopAAPIHate.org has reported over 3,800 incidents of harassment, bullying, verbal assault, and violence against Asians and Asian Americans, with many more going unreported. Data shows that hate crimes against Asian Americans have increased 149% from 2019 to 2020 while overall hate crimes declined by 7%. With the latest spike of anti-Asian hate since the start of 2021 and especially in the aftermath of six Asian American women (and two white victims) killed by a white gunman in Atlanta on March 16, 2021, the Asian & Asian American Studies Certificate Program (AAASCP) at UMass Amherst condemns the specific nature of anti-Chinese and anti-Asian racism and xenophobia, which does not happen in isolation from ongoing forms of structural racism, injustice, and inequality.
These historical patterns of racism and xenophobia are based on constructions of Asian Americans as the Yellow Peril, or some form of political, economic, cultural, and/or public threat to U.S. society and specifically to the white population. They are fueled by mis/disinformation, conspiracy theories, and rhetoric from political leaders and high-profile personalities through such terms as the "Chinese virus," "Wuhan virus," or "Kung-flu," and all highlight how racism against Asians is ingrained in this country’s history. The killings of six Asian American women in Atlanta specifically highlight the misogyny, sexualization, and fetishization of Asian American women and how these are fueled by toxic masculinity. Mainstream media and popular culture further racialize and sexualize Asian women, heightening their vulnerabilities to interpersonal and institutional violence. In fact, the StopAAPIHate data shows that women report hate incidents 2.3 times more than men. These hateful acts have forced Asians and Asian Americans, particularly elderly Asians who are perceived as easy targets, into a constant state of hyper-awareness and vigilance when they are in public, taking a huge emotional toll.
Anti-Asian racism has never occurred in isolation and is always connected to other and existing forms of structural racism and inequality. We see this in the significantly dire impact of the current pandemic on other minoritized communities, particularly the ongoing assault on and overcriminalization of Black people, the systematic neglect and injustices targeted toward Indigenous communities, immigrants from Latin America, and workers in vulnerable positions. Understanding the interconnections and intersections of these forms of institutional racism, we must commit to addressing the specific needs of the Asian and Asian American community as part of a broad commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion for all.
Our hearts and deepest condolences go out to all those who have been affected by these acts of anti-Asian hate and we join them in collective grief, sadness, and anger. We urge our political, community, and institutional leaders, to center the needs of the most vulnerable members of our society, including those who already feel marginalized and face everyday challenges in their lives due to sexism, racism, homophobia, transphobia, xenophobia, religious intolerance, and other overt and covert forms of prejudice and discrimination. We ask all members of our institutions and communities to commit to building a more inclusive, equitable, and just society and respond with action to address anti-Asian racism and xenophobia.
We call on all members of our society, but particularly our leaders in local, state, and federal government and institutions of higher education, to:
- Commit institutional resources to fight racism, xenophobia, and all forms of discrimination, such as homophobia, transphobia, sexism, religious intolerance, undocumented status, and ableism, and to keep these forms of discrimination from becoming normalized.
- Allocate resources to educate about the historical and contemporary structures of racism and xenophobia in the U.S., especially support for courses, faculty, and programs/departments focused on Ethnic and Women’s Studies, such as UMass Amherst’s Asian & Asian American Studies Certificate Program; Department of Afro-American Studies; Native American and Indigenous Studies Certificate Program; Center for Latin American, Caribbean, Latinx Studies; Women, Gender, Sexuality Studies; the Fine Arts Center’s Asian and Asian American Arts and Culture Program, and East Asian Languages & Cultures Program.
- Resources and support for centers and programs that support students, staff, and community members, such as UMass Amherst’s Yuri Kochiyama Cultural Center, the Malcolm X Cultural Center, the Josephine White Eagle Cultural Center, and the Latinx American Cultural Center; the Asian and Asian American Residential Community, the Women of Color Leadership Network, the Partnership for Worker Education, Workplace Learning & Development, and Building Bridges.
In anticipation of hate incidents if/when they occur, we also call on university administrators to develop and implement clear and centralized protocols, comprehensive “best practices,” and provisions of support for those who are directly targeted or feel unsafe or threatened, and that addresses the academic, emotional, physical and material costs to those affected and that also take into account the need for responses that are attentive to the particularities of specific incidents and concerns. These include:
- Designating clear point people and centralized protocols to respond to any forms of racism and hate that impact our communities (particularly international Asian and Asian American undergraduate and graduate students) and provide timely and integrated support for:
- Immediate needs such as emergency/temporary housing and meals, and accessing healthcare, mental health and other support services
- Physical safety protection if needed, including move-out from or to on- or off-campus housing
- Liaison with university offices and town police on developing alternatives to disciplinary and criminalizing responses in favor of community-centric approaches
- Serious consideration of implementing a program or form of mandatory anti-bias training for all students that includes understanding individual- and institutional-level dynamics related to privilege, and various forms of inequality and injustice, including but not limited to racism, sexism, class stratification, homophobia, transphobia, religious intolerance, undocumented status, and ableism.
Systemic Racism, Police Brutality, and the COVID-19 Situations (June 2020)
The Asian & Asian American Studies Certificate Program stands in strong solidarity with the Black community in the aftermath of the murder of George Floyd and countless other innocent Black lives who were killed as a result of police brutality. We echo the statement from our Chancellor that highlights how these events illustrate the ongoing legacy and tragic effects of institutional racism and injustice that are firmly embedded into U.S. social institutions that result in Black lives systematically devalued. We support efforts to hold those who commit such acts of violence and racial terror accountable, and efforts at changing the fundamental structures that reinforce and perpetuate systemic racism in all areas of U.S. society. The Asian & Asian American Studies Certificate Program also calls on members of the Asian Pacific American community to acknowledge how the model minority stereotype contributes to the oppression and injustice felt by members of the Black community.
We also support the statement of organizations such as the Association for Asian American Studies in regard to the harassment of Asian Pacific Americans due to the Covid-19 situation:
The Centers for Disease Control recently announced that the Novel Coronavirus/COVID-19 may spread in the United States. As people take precautions to manage their health (the two biggest precautions are frequent handwashing and staying home if you are sick), the Association for Asian American Studies (AAAS) wants to also acknowledge the rise of anti-Asian (especially anti-Chinese) harassment that many Asian Americans (particularly those who look East Asian) are experiencing.
As an organization dedicated to the study of Asian Americans, we want to be very clear that xenophobia has no place in our communities or workplaces, and that harassment of Asians due to fears of the coronavirus are not only unwarranted but sadly part of a longer history of stereotypes associating Asians, especially Chinese, with disease. We stand firm in rejecting anti-Asian bigotry in the guise of people expressing fear of Novel Coronavirus/COVID-19. We also urge people to find resources that will educate them about how to manage their health as well as why their prejudices/biases in assuming all Asians have the virus are rooted in a history of Yellow Peril rhetoric, xenophobia, ableism, and anti-Asian racism. Please encourage your colleagues and friends to explore this open-source syllabus that addresses anti-Asian bias associated with the coronavirus. And please remember: frequent handwashing, not anti-Asian stereotypes/harassment, is your best means of preventing the spread of coronavirus.
Other statements about the Covid-19/Coronavirus situation and its effects on Asian Americans can be found below (each link is for informational purposes only and does not necessarily imply an endorsement):
- UMass Amherst Office of Equity and Inclusion
- University of Massachusetts, Boston
- Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund
- Asian Americans Advancing Justice
- Anti-Asian Violence Resources
- Organization of Chinese Americans - Asian Pacific American Advocates
- Japanese American Citizens League