Chu is the great southern state whose challenge to the Sinitic states of the north defined the political dynamic of much of the Spring and Autumn period. Chu remained politically cogent in Warring States times, and was the chief rival to Han in the wars of the post-Chin interregnum, 0206-0202. Its non-Sinitic character is manifest, though that character tends to be downplayed by orthodox historians, who prefer to see a culturally uniform "China" extending indefinitely far into the past.
- Constance A Cook. Auspicious Metals and Southern Spirits: An Analysis of the Chu Bronze Inscriptions. UMI (1990) 9126518
- Constance A Cook and John S Major (ed). Defining Chu. Hawaii 1997
- Heather A Peters. The Role of the State of Chu in Eastern Zhou Period China: A Study of Interaction and Exchange in the South. UMI (1983) 8329280
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