We are here concerned with regional variants within the dominant Sinitic language of the Jou states, as they may be reflected in literary texts and thus suggestive of the aetiology of those texts, and separately, with outside intrusions from Indic or Indo-European into that general Sinitic language, and with signs of a substrate language beneath Sinitic, which first becomes visible in the texts in the 04c, when the lower populace was being brought into closer relation with the state.
For specific non-Sinitic languages such as that of Chu, see in the States section.
- Sinitic Dialects
- Wei (Bei/Yung/Wei)
- Non-Sinitic Languages
- The Non-Sinitic Substrate
- Indo-European Loans (Shang; 013c)
- Indic Loans (03c)
13 June 2002 / Contact The Project / Exit to Results Page