Style Sheet

This page supplements the Guidelines for Authors page by giving additional suggestions about small matters. These are editorial preferences, and except where stated otherwise, we are open to discussion or reasoned authorial preference.


Tone. Matter-of-fact (no exclamation points), brief, clear. Normal expectations of scholarly civility will apply. Criticism of others' work is in order when relevant, but personal hostility is not acceptable. Mention directly relevant scholarship, but do not undertake a literature survey (this is not your PhD thesis).

Ethics. Your work must be your own. Relevant results of others must be properly credited, and conclusions of others, when cited, must be accurately described.

Methodology. We accept, and recommend, the standard humanistic critical methods, for history in general and for texts in particular.

Acknowledgement of grant or other support may be made in an unnumbered first footnote. General expressions of gratitude to advisors or colleagues, or dedications to persons, are inappropriate for these brief articles. Specific information or assistance from others may be acknowledged in a footnote at the appropriate point.


Length. We seek short articles, typically 2-4 pages as printed; 20p maximum.

Titles should be both brief and clear. We do not allow subtitles. Greek words may be used in titles (and in running heads) if suitable to the subject. Please romanize Hebrew.

Introduction. The first paragraph, however labeled, should function as an abstract, stating the problem and summarizing the conclusion. Orient the reader.

Argument. An extended data set may be treated as an Appendix, to avoid interrupting the argument visually.

Conclusion. Do not introduce new data into the Conclusion (however labeled). The Conclusion should simply pull the argument together, or suggest implications. If the latter, that paragraph may be labeled Implications.

Works Cited. Expand all in-text short citations in this section, at the end of the paper. Author, Title, Publisher, and Date are sufficient information; for articles, give also the page range.


Dates BC should be given with a leading zero, thus 0479 = 479 BC. Give uncertain dates as ranges (0347/0332), or as circa dates (c0340).

Greek Text with the usual diacritics may be accommodated as needed; it is kindly to give a translation on first occurrence. Do not overuse (everybody else also knows Greek). Please romanize Hebrew, since our sortware WordPerfect 7 will not permit full vowel pointing.

Tables or other graphic aids are welcome, but must be within the capacity of WordPerfect 7, or submitted as a graphics file (JPG or TIF) of modest size (not full page).

Romanization. For transcribed Greek, use the forms ê and ô. See the back of any issue for our comaprative tables of Chinese romanizations.

English Usage. Some specific suggestions for this always difficult matter are available on the Usage page. In general, individuality of authorial style is welcome. Thus, Briticisms (eg "colour") are acceptable from Continental authors, and will not be standardized.

Latinisms. With JAOS and other journals, we recommend that authors avoid ibid, op cit, and loc cit, deservedly the most hated abbreviations in scholarly writing. But some Latinisms are useful. When appropriate, give in lower case, without periods: ad loc (ad locum, "at the passage in question"), aet (aetate, "at the age of"), ap (apud, "next to, in connection with"), cf (confer, "compare; see also"), eg (exempli gratia, "for example"), ie (id est, "that is"), qv (quod vide, "which see"), sv (sub verbo, "under the rubric or heading of"), and vs (versus, "as against").

Italics should be limited to sentence emphasis. Do not use italics to distinguish foreign from English words, or book titles from article titles. Book titles and article titles are treated exactly the same in this journal.

Boldface is reserved for section headings, for keywords in citations, and for emphasized portions of quoted texts. For technical reasons, boldface may not be combined with italics.

Places. Give unfamiliar place names (and many archaeological sites are unfamiliar to nonspecialists) with map coordinates to the nearest minute, in the form 35° 36 N, 117° 58 E.

Citations of certain standard works and of major journals do not require expansion in the Works Cited section at the end of the paper; for that list, see the last page of any volume of the journal. (The exact contents of that page is liable to change with the needs of authors contributing to that volume).


Appended Discussions. Discussion by others, transcribed from conference tapes, assembled from written or E-mailed comments, or provided by the Editors, may be appended to an article at the discretion of the Editors. Authors will have an opportunity to add their own responses.

Notes will be placed at the bottom of the page. We arrange the journal so that readers do not have to keep a finger at Page A while reading Page B.

Copy will be edited to avoid breaking a paragraph, or a note, over a page turn. Authors will see the result, and are free to suggest an alternate solution.

Schedule. Authors will see proof (in PDF form), but if not corrected within a reasonable time, the Editors will proofread in good faith and go to press with the result, in the interest of maintaining the publication schedule.

Thank you for your interest, and best wishes with your work.

Calligraphic Separator

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