At this stage, students work on
generating material they might work with in the essay and/or producing many short pieces of
writing that explore multiple topics to help them choose the eventual focus of their essay. We
refer to this as generative writing to reflect the thought process involved: a time where the writer generates ideas, considers multiple options for topics, invents material that might be useful for the later essay, and rethinks positions and perspectives— reinventing their own take on the issue.