WOMENSST 391L Syllabus Spring 2003
Women's Studies 391L: Globalization-Gender, Race, Class & Nation
Lecturer: Kriemild Saunders
Tu/Th 4:00-5:15, Bartlett Room 212

Office Hours: Tu 12:30-1:30 or Appointment
Tel. 413-545-2433
Email: ksaunder@wost.umass.edu

The course aims to give an overview of the subjective dimensions of globalization in the North (major industrialized countries) and South (`developing' countries). It attempts to ascertain the dynamics and determinants of inequality linked to global socio-economic processes, whereby such inequities manifest themselves in class, gender, racial and national cleavages. In part I the conversation opens with a brief discussion that seeks to grapple with a fundamental question-what is globalization? Is it an ideological construct or a qualitative transformation of the capitalist order on a world-scale?

It continues with a discussion of the development of the American economic strategy from the Reagan administration in the 1980's to the Bush and Clinton administrations in the 1990's. The Reagan/Bush strategy is conceived as a shift from an open `non-discriminatory' trading system entailing multilateral agreements to a nationalistic multi-track approach involving a variety of policies (unilateral, regional and multilateral) to promote more reliance on the market. In the post cold war era the Clinton administration stressed the economic struggle among nations, particularly `free', unregulated markets. At the level of the state, this transformation was associated with a restructuring process that extended beyond the economy to what has been variously described as a devolution process that fostered privatization and a redistribution of power, that has transfigured the governance process. These discussions clarify the fact that globalization is facilitated by political and economic policies at the federal and state levels.

The course subsequently turns to a closer examination of the subjective effects of the global economic restructuring in the United States, particularly the relationship between income inequality and social spaces, namely geographies of opportunity and disadvantage. Subsequently, we will look at Leslie McCall's discussion of the determinants and trends that typify the `old' and `new' inequality, most especially how the new inequality is linked to race, gender, class and regional (e.g.`non-global' and globalizing cities) cleavages.

In part II we will look at Saskia Sassen's (ch. 5-10) classic empirically grounded work on global cities, it will focus on the socio-economic order of the global city. There will be an examination of three key command centers of the global economy-New York, London and Tokyo, and the class, race and gender dynamics of inequality in these regions among others. This will be complimented by an analysis of gender inequality and its relationship to globalization in Western, Middle and Eastern European states.

Part III delineates the broad impact of globalization for the post-colonial world. In this regard it will look at Ankie Hookvelt's typology of post-colonial conditions, namely, Sub-Saharan African exclusion and anarchy, Middle Eastern Islamic revolt and anti-developmentalism, East Asian state-led developmentalism and regionalization, and Latin-American democracy, civil society and `post-development' in the South.

Part IV looks at the broad impact of globalization on women in the South typified by strong employment effects accompanied by continued gender-based inequities and discrimination, firstly through an analysis of the 1999 United Nations survey of globalization, gender and work. There is subsequently an examination of the export-led manufacturing process in which women are disproportionately situated (and to a lesser extent the informal sector) in a further examination of women's work roles.

Course Requirements:

Course Grade: Students can choose between a single paper 20 pages in length (100% ), two papers (10 pages each): a midterm paper (50%) and a final paper (50%) or three papers: two papers (5 pages), each representing 25% of the grade and a final paper, 10 pages in length (50%). Each student is required to make at least two comments and raise at least two questions in a written form due at the beginning of each class session. The responses will not be graded, but a failure to submit ten out of twenty-eight responses will result in a letter grade reduction.

First Paper: Feb. 26
Midterm: Tues. March 25
Final: May 13

Term papers should be 12 pt. and double-spaced, and take the Harvard reference-date form. Each student is required to submit a narrative outline of each paper for approval. The paper should be analytical (not simply descriptive) and address a problem or issue that emerges in the course of the readings.

Attendance: Students who have four or more absences will have their grades reduced by a full letter grade or more depending on the number of absences, if such absences are outside the legitimated guidelines. See Undergraduate Rights and Responsibilities 2001-2002.
Participation: Students are required to attend classes regularly and discuss readings.
Academic Honesty: See Undergraduate Rights and Responsibilities 2001-2002.

Part I
Jan 28-30: The Globalization Debate

Required Reading:
Held, David and Anthony McGrew (eds.) The Global Transformations Reader: An Introduction to the Globalization Debate, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000.
D. Held and A. McGrew (2000) `The Great Globalization Debate' in Held, D. and A. McGrew (eds.), pp. 1-46.

Recommended Readings

What is globalization?
CH 1: G. Modelski "Globalization" in D. Held & McGrew (eds.): 49-53.
CH 2: D. Held et al. "Rethinking Globalization" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 54-60.
CH 3: M. Geyer and C. Bright "World History in a Global Age" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 61-67.
CH 4 P. Hirst and G. Thompson "Globalization-A Necessary Myth?" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 68-75.
CH 5: M. Castells "The Network Society" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 76-81.
CH 6: D. Harvey "Time-Space Compression and the Postmodern Condition" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 82-91.
CH 7: A. Giddens "The Globalization of Modernity" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 92-98.
CH 8: U. Beck "What is Globalization?" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 99-103.

A Global Economy? Globalist versus Skeptics (Recommended)
CH 22: P. Dicken "A New Geo-economy" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 251-258.
CH 23: M. Castells "The Global Economy" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 259-273.
CH 24: P. Hirst and G. Thompson "Globalization and the History of the International Economy" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 274-286.
CH 25: J. Perraton et al. "Economic Activity in a Globalizing World" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 287-300.
CH 26: G. Garret "Global Markets and National Politics" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 301-318.
CH 28: D. Rodrik "Has Globalization Gone Too Far?" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 323-327.
CH 29: J. Gray "The Passing of Social Democracy" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 328-331.
CH 30: E. Rieger and S. Leibfried "Welfare State Limits to Globalization" in D. Held & A. McGrew (eds.): 332-338.

Feb 4- Mar 4: The Global Economy in America and Inequality: Gender, Class, Race & Cities

Required Readings:
Robert Gilpin (2000) CH 8: American Economic Strategy in The Challenge of Global Capitalism: The World Economy in the 21st Century, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 227-264.
Janet Kodras (1997) `Restructuring the State: Devolution, Privatization, and the Geographic Redistribution of Power and Capacity in Governance' in L. Staeheli et al. (eds.), pp. 79-96.
John O'Loughlin (1997) `Economic globalization and Income Inequality in the United States' in State Devolution in America: Implication for a Diverse Society, L. Staeheli, J. Kodras & C. Flint (eds.), Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, pp. 21-40.
Leslie McCall (2001) Complex Inequality: Gender, Class and Race in the New Economy, Routledge: New York.

Part I

CH 1: Restructuring Inequality: A Gender, Class and Race Perspective, pp. 3-28.
CH 2: Configurations of Inequality: Intersections of Gender, Class and Race, pp. 29-60.
CH 3: Industrial and Postindustrial Configurations of Inequality: Detroit and Dallas, pp. 61-90.

Part II

CH 4: Breaking the Connection: Occupational Gender Segregation and the Gender Wage Gap, pp. 91-118.
CH 5: The Difference Class Makes: The Gender Wage Gap among College and Non- College Educated, pp. 119-145.
CH 6: The Difference Gender Makes: Wage Inequality among Women and among Men, pp. 145-174.

Recommended Reading:
Mitchell, Don (1997) `State Restructuring and the Importance of Rights-Talk' in L. Staeheli et al. (eds.), pp. 118-138.
Leslie McCall (2001) `The History and Politics of Inequality Reconsidered' in Complex Inequality: Gender, Class and Race in the New Economy, Routledge: New York, pp. 175-192.
F. Blau et al. (2002) CH 8: Recent Developments in the Labor Market: Their Impact on Men and Women in The Economics of Women, Men & Work (4th ed.), NJ: Prentice Hall.

Part II
Mar 6-27: Comparative Studies of Postindustrial States, Global Cities and Inequality

Required Readings:
Saskia Sassen (2001) The Global City: New York, London & Tokyo (2nd ed.), NJ: Princeton University Press.
CH 6: Global Cities: Postindustrial Production Sites, pp. 127-167.

Part III: The Social Order of the Global City
CH 8: Employment and Earnings, pp. 201-249.
CH 9: Economic Restructuring as Class and Spatial Polarization, pp. 251-323

Regina Becker-Schmidt (ed.) (2001) Gender and Work in Transition: Globalization in Western, Middle and Eastern Europe, Opladen: Leske & Budrich.

Recommended Reading
W. Clement & J. Myles (1994) Relations of Ruling: Class and Gender in Postindustrial Societies, Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
G. Esping-Andersen (1993) Changing Classes: Stratification and Mobility in Postindustrial Societies, London: Sage Pub. Inc.
J. L. Abu-Lughod (1999) New York, Chicago, Los Angeles: America's Global Cities, MI: University of Minnesota Press.

Part III
Apr 1-10: Globalization and Postcolonial States

Required Readings
Ankie Hoogvelt (2001) Globalization and the Post-Colonial World: The New Political Economy of Development (2nd ed.), Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
CH 8: Africa: Exclusion and the Containment of Anarchy, pp. 173-195.
CH 9: Islamic Revolt, pp. 197-214.
CH 10: The Developmental States of East Asia, pp. 216-238.
CH 11: Democracy, Civil Society and `Post-Development' in Latin America, pp. 239- 256.

Part IV
Apr 15-May 13: Globalization, Work and Women in the South

Required Readings
United Nations (1999) 1999 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development: Globalization, Gender and Work, New York: United Nations Publications, pp. xv-61.
Nalini Visvanathan et al. (eds.) (1997) The Women, Gender and Development Reader, London: Zed Books.

Part 3: Women in the Global Economy
L. Nisonoff "Introduction to Part 3", pp. 177-190.
CH 17: D. Elson and R. Pearson (1997) `The Subordination of Women and the Internationalization of Factory Production', pp. 191-203. Reprint from K. Young et al (eds.) Of Marriage and the Market, London: CSE Books, 1981. pp. 18-40.
CH 18: M. P. Fernandez-Kelly (1997) `Maquiladoras: the view from the Inside', pp. 203- 215. Reprint from K. B. Sacks and D. Remy (eds.) My Troubles are Going to Have Trouble with Me, New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press, 1984. pp.229-246.
CH 19: L.Y. C. Lim (1997) `Capitalism, Imperialism and Patriarchy: The Dilemma of Third World Women Workers in Multinational Factories', pp. 216-229. Also see J. Nash and M. P. Fernandez-Kelly (eds.) Women, Men and the International Division of Labor, Albany: SUNY Press, 1983. pp. 70-91
CH 20: L. Arizpe (1997) `Women in the Informal Labor Sector: The Case of Mexico City', pp. 230-238. Also see Signs, vol. 3, no. 1, 1977. p. 25-37.
CH 21: A. R. Tripp (1997) `Deindustrialization and the Growth of Women's Economic Associations and Networks in Urban Tanzania', pp. 250-253. Reprint from S. Rowbotham and S. Mitter, Dignity and Daily Bread, Routledge, 1994. pp. 139-157.
Notes/references: pp. 250-254.

Recommeded Reading
Sassen, Saskia (2002) `Countergeographies of Globalization: Feminization of Survival' in K. Saunders (ed.), Feminist Post-Development Thought: Rethinking Modernity, Post-Colonialism and Representation, London: ZedBooks.
Moghadam, V. M. (2001) `Gender and Mobilization: Female Labor and Women's Mobilization', Journal of World System Research.