This is not a full course syllabus or calendar but a guide to the readings for the course. Please contact the German Department for more detailed information.

Undergraduate Course 497A: Women and the Cold War

German History Text Books

Berghahn V.R., Modern Germany. Society, economy and politics in the twentieth century, Cambridge, 1994.

Orlow, Dietrich, A History of Modern Germany, 1871 to Present , Upper Saddle River, 1987 (4.ed.)

Frevert, Ute, Women in German History: From Bourgeois Emancipation to Sexual Liberation, Oxford, New York, 1989.

  1. Introduction

  2. Women in the Kaiserreich and in World War I (1871-1918)

    Frevert, Ute, Gender in German History, in: Fulbrook, Mary (ed.), German History since 1800, London, New York, Sydney, Auckland, 1997, pp. 512-538.

    Frevert, Ute, Women in German History: From Bourgeois Emancipation to Sexual Liberation, Oxford, New York 1989, pp. ??

    Film: Der Untertan?

  3. Homework and housing policy in Weimar Republic (1918-1933)

    Bridenthal, Renate; Koonz, Claudia, Beyond Kinder, Küche, Kirche: Weimar Women in Politics and Work, in: Bridenthal, Renate; Grossmann, Atina; Kaplan, Marion (eds.), When Biology became Destiny. Women in Weimar and Nazi Germany, New York 1984, pp. 33-65.

    Saldern, Adelheid von, The Challenge of Modernity. German Social and Cultural Studies, 1890-1960, Ann Arbor, 2002, pp. 134-163 ("The Social Rationalization of Domestic Life and Housework in Germany and the United States in the 1920s")

    Film: ??

  4. Social change and the emergence of the New Woman

    Harvey, Elizabeth, Culture and society in Weimar Germany: the impact of modernism and mass culture, in: Fulbrook, Mary (ed.), German History since 1800, London, New York, Sydney, Auckland 1997, pp. 279-297.

    Frevert, Ute, Women in German History: From Bourgeois Emancipation to Sexual Liberation, Oxford, New York, 1989, pp. ??

  5. Gender, Urbanism and Modernity: Walter Ruttmann's: Berlin: Symphonie einer Großstadt.

    Petro, Patrice, Perceptions of Difference: Woman as Spectator and Spectacle, in: Ankum, Katharina van Ankum (ed.), Women in the Metropolis. Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London 1997, pp. 41-66.

    Gleber, Anke, Female Flanerie and the Symphony of the City, in: Van Ankum, Katharina (ed.), Women in the Metropolis. Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London 1997, pp. 66-88.

  6. A Cultural and Female Crisis of the Weimar Republic?

    Nenno, Nancy, Femininity, the Primitive, and Modern Urban Space: Josephine Baker in Berlin, in: Van Ankum, Katharina (ed.), Women in the Metropolis. Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London 1997, p. 145-161.

    Frevert, Ute, Women in German History: From Bourgeois Emancipation to Sexual Liberation, Oxford, New York 1989, pp. ??

    Film: Kuhle Wampe

  7. From Mothers to War wives: Family Policy in National Socialism (1933-1945)

    Pine, Lisa, Nazi Family Policy, 1933-1945, Oxford, New York, 1997, pp. 8-46 ("Nazi Family Ideology and Politics")

    Pine, Lisa, Nazi Family Policy, 1933-1945, Oxford, New York, 1997, pp. 47-87 ("Education and Socialisation: Imbuing German Society with Nazi Family Ideals").

    Film: ??

  8. Nothing but survival: The hour of the women 1945

    Kolinsky, Eva, Women in West Germany. Life, Work and Politics, Oxford, New York, Munich, 1989, pp. 7-40 ("Between Chores and Dreams: Social Situation and Personal Expectations of Women in the Immediate Post-War Years")

    Heineman, Elizabeth, What Difference Does a Husband Make? Women and Marital Status in Nazi and Postwar Germany, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London 1999, pp. 75-107 ("The Hour of the Women: Survival during Defeat and Occupation")

    Film: Unser täglich Brot

  9. Single women, Fräuleins and Fraternizers

    Heineman, Elizabeth, What Difference Does a Husband Make? Women and Marital Status in Nazi and Postwar Germany, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London 1999, pp. 108-136 ("Marriage Rubble: The Crisis in the Family, Public and Private")

    Goedde, Petra, From Villains to Victims: Fraternization and the Feminization of Germany, 1945-1947, in: Diplomatic History, vol. 23, no.1, 1993, pp. 1-20.

    Film: A foreign affair

  10. Equal rights for women in West and East Germany

    Harsch, Donna, Approach/avoidance: Communists and women in East Germany, 1945-9, in: Social History, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2000, pp. 156-182.

    Kolinsky, Eva, Women in West Germany. Life, Work and Politics, Oxford, New York, Munich, 1989, pp. 41-75 ("Equal Rights for Women: A Profile of Legislative Change")

    Film: Frauenschicksale

  11. Family Policy and the Role of the Woman in West Germany

    Kolinsky, Eva, Women in West Germany. Life, Work and Politics, Oxford, New York, Munich 1989, pp. 75-99 ("Family Life and Lifestyles")

    Moeller, Robert G., Reconstructing the Family in Reconstruction Germany: Women and Social Policy in the Federal Republic, 1949-1955, in: Moeller, Robert G. (ed.), West Germany under Construction, Politics, Society and Culture in the Adenauer Era, Ann Arbor 1997, pp. 109-134.

    Film: ??

  12. Family Policy and the Role of the Woman in East Germany

    Kolinsky, Eva, Recasting biographies: Women and the Family, in: Social transformation and the family in post-Communist Germany, (1998), p. 118-140.

    von Oertzen, Christine; Rietzschel, Almut, Comparing the Post -War Germanies: Breadwinner Ideology and Women's Employment in the Divided Nation, 1948-1970, in: International Review of Social History, vol. 42 (1997), Supplement, pp. 175-196.

    Film: ??

  13. Teenagers and Youth Culture in East and West

    Carter, Erica, Alice in the Consumer Wonderland: West German Case Studies in Gender and German Culture, in: Moeller, Robert G. (ed.), West Germany under Construction, Politics, Society and Culture in the Adenauer Era, Ann Arbor, 1997, pp. 347-373.

    Poiger, Uta G., Rock'n'Roll, Female Sexuality and the Cold War Battle over German Identities, in: Moeller, Robert G. (ed.), West Germany under Construction, Politics, Society and Culture in the Adenauer Era, Ann Arbor, 1997, pp. 373-412.

    Film: Berlin Ecke Schönhäuser

  14. New chances: Women's chances in the 1970s

    Dölling, Irene, Culture and Gender, in: Rueschemeyer, Marilyn; Lemke, Christiane (eds.), The Quality of Life in the German Democratic Republic. Changes and Developments in a State Socialist Society, New York, 1989, p. 27-47.

    Ansorg, Leonore; Hürtgen, Renate, The Myth of Female Emancipation: Contradictions in Women's Lives, in: Jarausch, Konrad H., Dictatorship as Experience. Towards a Socio-Cultural History of the GDR, New York, Oxford, 1999, p. 163-176.

    Wierling, Dorothee, Three Generations of East German Women: Four Decades of the GDR and after, in: Oral History Review, vol. 21, no. 2, 1993, pp. 19-29.

    Film: Das schwache Geschlecht muss stärker werden; Solo Sunny

  15. Summary and Final Discussions

Optional Readings:

Abrams, Lynn, Prostitutes in Imperial Germany, 1870-1918: Working Girls or Social Outcasts, in: Richard J. Evans, The German Underworld. Deviants and Outcasts in German History, London, New York, 1988, pp. 189-210.

Bock, Gisela, Antinatalism, Maternity and Paternity in National Socialist Racism, in: Crew, David F. (ed.), Nazism and German Society, 1933-1945, London, New York, 1994, pp. 110-140.

Bock, Gisela, Racism and Sexism in Nazi Germany: Motherhood Compulsory Sterilization, and the State, in: Bridenthal, Renate; Grossmann, Atina; Kaplan, Marion (eds.), When Biology became Destiny. Women in Weimar and Nazi Germany, New York, 1984, pp. 270-295.

Bridenthal, Renate, "Professional" Housewives: Stepsisters of the Women's Movement, in: Bridenthal, Renate; Grossmann, Atina; Kaplan, Marion (eds.), When Biology became Destiny. Women in Weimar and Nazi Germany, New York, 1984, pp. 153-173.

Crew, David F., Germans on Welfare. From Weimar to Hitler, New York, Oxford 1998.

Domansky, Elisabeth, Militarization and Reproduction in World War I, in: Eley Geoff (ed.), Society, Culture and the State in Germany, 1870-1930, Ann Arbor, 1996, pp. 427-464.

Evans, Richard J., The Feminist Movement in Germany 1894-1933, London, Beverly 1976.

Fehrenbach, Heide, Of German Mothers and "Negermischlingskinder": Race, Sex and the Postwar Nation, in: Schissler, Hanna (ed.), The Miracle Years. A Cultural History of West Germany, 1949-1968, Princeton, Oxford, 2001, pp. 164-186.

Grossmann, Atina, A Question of Silence: The Rape of German Woman by Occupation Soldiers, in: Moeller, Robert G., West Germany under Construction. Politics, Society, and Culture in the Adenauer Era, Ann Arbor 1997, pp. 33-52.

Harsch, Donna, Public Continuity and Private Change? Women's Consciousness and Activity in Frankfurt, 1945-1955, in: Journal of Social History, vol. 27, No. 1, 1993, pp. 29-58.

Hausen, Karin, Mother's Day in the Weimar Republic, in: Bridenthal, Renate; Grossmann, Atina; Kaplan, Marion (eds.), When Biology became Destiny. Women in Weimar and Nazi Germany, New York, 1984, pp. 131-152.

Heineman, Elizabeth, The hour of the Woman: Memories of Germany's "Crisis Years" and West German National Identity, in: Schissler, Hanna (ed.), The Miracle Years. A Cultural History of West Germany, 1949-1968, Princeton, Oxford, 2001, pp. 21-56.

Heineman, Elizabeth, Complete Families, Half families, Nor Families at All: Female-Headed Households and the Reconstruction of the Family in the Early Federal Republic, in: Central European History, vol. 29, no. 1 (1996), pp. 19-60.

Höhn, Maria, Frau im Haus and Girl im Spiegel: Discourse on Women in the Interregnum Period of 1945-1949 and the Question of German Identity, in: Central European History, vol. 26, no. 1 (1993), pp. 57-90.

Höhn, Maria, Heimat in Turmoil: African-American Gis in 1950s West Germany, in: Schissler, Hanna (ed.), The Miracle Years. A Cultural History of West Germany, 1949-1968, Princeton, Oxford, 2001, pp. 145-163.

Höhn, Maria, GIs and Fräuleins : the German-American encounter in 1950s West Germany, Chapel Hill, 2002.

Jarausch, Konrad H., Dictatorship as Experience. Towards a Socio-Cultural History of the GDR, New York, Oxford, 1999.

Kaplan, Marion A., Between Dignity and Despair. Jewish Life in Nazi Germany, New York, Oxford, 1998,

Kolinsky, Eva, Women in West Germany. Life, Work and Politics, Oxford, New York, Munich, 1989.

Koonz, Claudia, Mothers in the Fatherland. Women, the Family and Nazi Politics, London 1987.

Koonz, Claudia, The Competition for a Women's Lebensraum 1928-1934, in: Bridenthal, Renate; Grossmann, Atina; Kaplan, Marion (eds.), When Biology became Destiny. Women in Weimar and Nazi Germany, New York, 1984, pp. 199-236.

Lacey, Kate, Driving the message home: Nazi propaganda in the private sphere, in: Abrams, Harvey, Elizabeth (eds.), Gender rleations in German History. Power, agency and experience from the sixteenth to the twentieth century, London, 1996, pp. 189-210.

Langenhan, Dagmar; Roß, Sabine, The Socialist Class Ceiling: Limits to Female Careers, in: Konrad H. Jarausch, Dictatorship as Experience. Towards a Socio-Cultural History of the GDR, New York, Oxford, 1999, p. 177-191.

Maase, Kaspar, Establishing Cultural Democracy: Youth, "Americanization" and the Irresistible Rise of Popular Culture, in: Schissler, Hanna (ed.), The Miracle Years. A Cultural History of West Germany, 1949-1968, Princeton, Oxford, 2001, pp. 428-450.

Moeller, Robert G., Protecting Mother's Work: From Production to Reproduction in Postwar West Germany, in: Journal of Social History, vol. 22, no. 3, 1989, pp. 413-427.

Pence, Katherine, Labours of consumption: gendered consumers in post-war East and West German reconstruction, in: Abrams, Lynn; Harvey, Elizabeth (eds.), Gender rleations in German History. Power, agency and experience from the sixteenth to the twentieth century, London, 1996, pp. 211-238.

Petersen, Vibeke Rützou, Women and Modernity in Weimar Germany. Reality and its Representation in Popular Fiction, New York, Oxford, 2001.

Petro, Patrice, Joyless Streets. Women and Melodramatic Representation in Weimar Germany, Princeton 1989.

Pine, Lisa, Nazi Family Policy, 1933-1945, Oxford, New York, 1997, pp. 47-87

Rowe, Dorothy, Desiring Berlin: Gender and modernity in Weimar Germany, in: Meskimmon, Marsha; East, Shearer (eds.), Visions of the 'Neue Frau': Women and the Visual Arts in Weimar Germany, Aldershoft, Vermont 1995, pp. 143-164.

Saldern, Adelheid von, The Challenge of Modernity. German Social and Cultural Studies, 1890-1960, Ann Arbor, 2002, pp. 248-298 ("Popular Culture: An Immense Challenge in the Weimar Republic")

Saldern, Adelheid von, The Challenge of Modernity. German Social and Cultural Studies, 1890-1960, Ann Arbor, 2002, pp. 115-135 (""How Should Linoleum Floors Be Cleaned?": A Contribution to Alltagsgeschichte and the Social History of the 1920s").

Stephenson, Jill, The Nazi Organisation of Women, London ,1981.

Tobin, Elizabeth J; Gibson, Jenny, The Meanings of Labor: East German Women's Work in the Transition from Nazism to Communism, in: Central European History, vol. 28, no. 3, 1995, pp. 299-342.