WOST 301-Theorizing Gender Issues
Eileen Walsh

Tuesday, Thursday 2:30-3:45 Bartlett 127
Office Hours-Wednesday, 10:15-12:25 Bartlett 229
Phone number-545-2433, email: ewalsh@wost.umass.edu
GENDER THEORY - Towards a Theory of Race, Class and Gender

In her speech "Ain't I a Woman" to the 1851 Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio, Sojourner Truth questioned the essentialized notions of gender prevalent at the time. Truth called attention to the ways that ideologies of gender do not accurately represent the empirical reality of the lived experience of individual women. This class will look at the complex interactions of gendered difference with other structures of difference such as class, race and ethnicity. Course materials will draw on anthropological investigations of gender difference to explore and develop social theory. This class will begin with a discussion of the relationship between feminist anthropology and feminist theory in the United States, and discuss some of the "early" (1970's) works in feminist anthropology that are still part of contemporary theoretical debate. Questions we will consider include: What are the foundations of gender difference? What are the implications of this gendered difference for other socially constructed differences - and how do these structures of difference play out in social, political and economic contexts? Is a unified theory of race, class and gender possible?

Readings include:
Di Leonardo, Micaela, ed..
1991 Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Mohanty, Chandra Talpade, Ann Rousso and Lourdes Torres. 1991 Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press
Mullings, Leath. 1997 On Our Own Terms: Race, Class and Gender in the Lives of African American Women. New York: Routledge.

Mead, Margaret.
1928. Coming of Age in Samoa. Morrow Publications
Mead, Margaret.
1934. Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies. New York: Mentor Books.
Wolf, Diane L.
1992. Factory Daughters: Gender, Household Dynamics, and Rural Industrialization in Java, Berkeley: University of California Press.
Ong, Aihwa.
1987. Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline. Albany: State University of New . Albany: State University of New York Press.

As well as a Coursepack of additional readings.

Course Requirements:
Class Attendance and Participation= 10%
Reading Journal=30%
Midterm Project/ Paper=30%
Final Paper/ Project=30%

Week 1: Introduction to the Course
- review of syllabus and readings, as well as discussion of course goals and student goals.

Week 2: Feminism, Anthropology, and Gender Studies
Tuesday Class

CP # 1 Moore - "Feminism and Anthropology: The Story of a Relationship" and "Gender and Status: Explaining the Position of Women" in Henrietta L. Moore Feminism and Anthropology, 1988, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pages 1-42

Thursday Class
Di Leonardo - "Introduction" to Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge, 1-36, biblio through 48

Week 3 - Early Questioning of the Universals
Tuesday Class and Thursday Class

1. De Beauvoir - "Introduction" to Books 1 and 2, The Second Sex (on reserve).
2. AND - CHOOSE 1 of the following
Mead - Coming of Age in Samoa, 1928. Selected chapters. OR
Mead - Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies, 1935. Selected chapters.
Journal Due

Week 4 - 1970's Women Anthropologists Respond to Social Science
Tuesday Class

1. CP #2 Rosaldo, Michelle and Louise Lamphere 1974- "Introduction" to Rosaldo and Lamphere, eds., Women, Culture and Society, Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1-16
2. CP #3 Rosaldo - "A Theoretical Overview", in Women, Culture and Society, 17-42

Thursday Class
1. CP #4 Chodorow, Nancy - "Family Structure and Feminine Personality" in Women, Culture and Society, 43 - 65
2. CP #5 Ortner, Sherry - "Is Female to Male as Nature Is to Culture?" in Women, Culture and Society, 67-86
3. CP #6 Collier, Jane - "Women in Politics" in Women, Culture and Society, 89-96

Week 5 - "Early" Feminist Responses to Freud, Marx and Engels
Tuesday Class

1. CP #7 Rubin, Gayle 1975 - "Traffic in Women: Notes Toward a Political Economy of Sex" in Rayna R. Reiter, ed., Toward an Anthropology of Women, New York: Monthly Review Press. 187-210
2. CP #8 Rubin, Gayle 1984 - "Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality" in Carole S. Vance, ed., Pleasure and Danger, Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 276-319

Thursday Class
1. CP #9 Sacks, Karen 1974 - "Engels Revisited: Women, the Organization of Production, and Private Property" in Women, Culture and Society, 207-222
2. CP #10 Leacock, Eleanor 1978 - "Women's Status in Egalitarian Society: Implications for Social Evolution" in Current Anthropology, 19(2): 247-275
3. CP #11 Martin, Biddy 1988. "Feminism, Criticism, and Foucault" in Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on Resistance, Boston: Northeastern University Press, 3 - 19
Journal Due

Week 6 - Gender, Race and Class
Tuesday Class

1. Mohanty Third World Women, 1-40
2. Mullings "Introduction" to On Our Own Terms, 1-10

Thursday Class
1. Mullings Chp 1 On Our Own Terms, 20-29
2. CP #12 Sacks 1989 - "Towards A Unified Theory of Class, Race and Gender" in American Ethnologist, 16(3): 529-550
3. CP #13 Schein 1997. "The Consumption of Color and the Politics of White Skin in Post-Mao China" in Lancaster and di Leonardo, eds., The Gender and Sexuality Reader, New York: Routledge. 473-486

Week 7 - Reproduction: Household, Kin and Family
Tuesday Class

1. Scheffler in Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge, 361 - 376
2. Mullings On Our Own Terms "Introduction" to Part 2 and Chapter 5, 71-75 and 87-101

Thursday Class
1. CP #14 Colen, Shellee 1995. "'Like a Mother to Them': Stratified Reproduction and West Indian Childcare Workers and Employers in New York" in Faye D. Ginsburg and Rayna Rapp, eds., Conceiving the New World Order, Berkeley: University of California Press. 78-102
2. CP #15 Das, Veena 1995. "National Honor and Practical Kinship: Unwanted Women and Children" in Ginsburg and Rapp, eds., Conceiving the New World Order, 212-233
3. CP #16 Franklin, Sarah 1995. "Postmodern Procreation: A Cultural Account of Assisted Reproduction" in Ginsburg and Rapp, eds., Conceiving the New World Order, 323-345

Week 8 - Class Presentations

Week 9 - Production: Gender, Race and Work
Tuesday Class

1. Guyer Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge 257-274
2. Mullings On Our Own Terms "Introduction" to Part 1, Chapter 2, 1-19, 32-49

Thursday Class
1. Zavella in Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge, 312-336
2. CP #17 Rofel, Lisa 1994. "Liberation Nostalgia and a Yearning for Modernity" in Gilmartin, Hershatter, Rofel, and White eds., Engendering China; Women, Culture, and the State, Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 227-249

Week 10 - Gender, Colony and Nation
Tuesday Class

1. Mohanty "Under Western Eyes" in Third World Women, 51-74
2. Stoler, Ann Laura - "Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Gender, Race and Morality in Colonial Asia" in Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge, 51-88

Thursday Class
1. CP # 18 Stolke, Verena 1993 "Is Sex to Gender as Race is to Ethnicity?" in Gendered Anthropology, del Valle, Theresa, ed., New York: Routledge. 17-37
2. CP #19 Harrell, Stevan - 1995 - "Introduction: Civilizing Projects and the Reaction to Them" in Cultural Encounters on China's Ethnic Frontiers, Harrell, ed., Seattle: University of Washington Press. 3-36

Week 11 and 12 - Ethnographies of Development
Tuesday Class

Read selections of EITHER Wolf Factory Daughters or Ong Spirits of Resistance
Both will be discussed during Tues class meetings.
Thursday Class

Week 12 -
Tuesday Class

1. Continued discussions of Wolf and Ong
2. Warren and Bourque in Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge, 278-311

Week 13 - Class Presentations

Week 14 - Course Overview and Discussion
1. CP#20 Bordo, Susan 1994. "Feminism, Postmodernism, and Gender Skepticism" in Anne C. Herrmann and Abigail J. Stewart eds., Theorizing Feminism: Parallel Trends in the Humanities and Social Sciences. 458 -481