HACU 120m Woman is a Nation: Gender in Music, Literature and Film
Tuesday, Thursday 2:00-3:20 p.m.
Jayendran Pillay
Eva Rueschmann

This multidisciplinary course is an introduction to the ways in which we can read representations of cultural identities, gender and race, in music, literature and film from around the globe. Our approach will be interdisciplinary and intertextual: how do music, performance and cinema tell cultural stories through sound, rhythm and images? How can we read literature through music, as a performative piece of call and response between writer and reader? We will draw on a number of fields, including ethnomusicology, literary and film studies, anthropology, women's studies, queer theory and dance studies, in order to examine the ways in which identities are culturally negotiated and contested in case studies from world literature, film and music. Our journey will take us from Toni Morrison's Jazz and women blues singers of the 1920s to the hybrid bhangra music of British Asians in contemporary film to the articulation of female sexuality in Western opera, pop music and musicals.

HACU 220 Feminist Philosophy
Tuesday, Thursday 10:30 - 11:50 a.m.
Falguni Sheth

Feminist philosophy attempts to analyze critically the "situations" of women, whether by looking at the rights of women, the issues of sex, sexuality, ethics, class, ethnicity, or gender. We will question the status of these institutions, as well as their implicit (and explicit) assumptions about women, and the implications of various political, social, psychological, biological, cultural theories regarding women. All of these concerns, however, are linked to two overarching questions: (1) the conceptions or categories of Woman, and (2) the relations of these conceptions to the issue and structures of (in) justice. Justice, regardless of its form or content, mandates a philosophical search for what feminism and the Woman question(s) are, and are addressing. Basic knowledge of the historical trends in feminist thought (and its intersection with "canonical" works) is required to understand current feminist concerns and writings; we will cover some of the better known feminist and relevant non-feminist writings in chronological order, deviating when necessary. Readings will include selections from Wollstonecraft, Gilman, Beauvoir, Wittig, Ruddick, Narayan, and Fraser, among others.

HACU 222 History of Women/Feminism
Tuesday, Thursday 2:00-3:20 p.m.
Susan Tracy

This course is designed to introduce students to U.S. women's history from the American Revolution to the World War I. We will consider women's lives in their economic, social and political dimensions paying equal attention to the intersection of gender, race, and class. We will discuss the rise of feminism in organized women's organizations in this period and the ways in which feminism affected and was affected by the politics in each era. Students will be expected to produce either a major historiography paper or a major research paper based on primary sources.

HACU 245
Component
American Exertions: Performance, Sport, History
Monday, Wednesday 4:00-5:20 p.m.
Lara Nielsen

In this course we study how sports performances create idioms and appetites for transnational American citizenships. How does the institutionalization and display of 20th century athleticisms articulate different kinds of political desire? What do they suggest about the modernizing technologies of inter-American subjects? What Americanist discourses theorize the body of prowess? How do immigrant histories appear in the work of sports performances? We will question the salience of professional sports referents-including celebrities, games, and institutions-in written as well as visual texts of film, television, and the everyday performance of style. To do this we study methods in Performance Studies, Visual Anthropology, Sociology, Semiotics, and Post-Colonial criticism to unpack the disciplinary codifications of American exertions as transnational cyborg inventions. Attending the ways in which sheer physical prowess invigorates contemporary cultures of globalization, and using theories of gender, race, ethnicity, class, and national identity formations, we consider how the athletic production articulates an important code for cultural citizenship in a globalized network of competitions.

HACU 254 The History of Photography By Women
Tuesday, Thursday 10:30 - 11:50 a.m.
Sandra Matthews

Since the invention of photography in 1839, women have played an active role in every stage of the medium's history. While early historic accounts did not acknowledge their contributions, several recent books have begun to remedy the situation. In this course, we will survey the major periods of photographic history, concentrating on the work of women photographers worldwide. We will examine women's role primarily in art photography, but also in commercial and vernacular venue. Students will complete individual research projects and dependent on funding, we hope to produce a collaborative CD ROM based on interviews with contemporary photographers and critics.

IA 161 Living For Tomorrow: Cultural Contestations, Gender Politics and the AIDS Epidemic
Monday, Wednesday 10:30 - 11:50 a.m.
Jill Lewis

Working to make the world a safer place has enormous urgency today, needing new forms of commitment and education. This course, working from novels and films, will focus on questions central to the HIV/AIDS epidemic-which is continuing, despite media neglect. What critical and creative tools can we explore to develop sexual safety education that is vivid and engaging? What does it mean to question gender norms in different cultural contexts? How can we design initiatives that involve young people actively in questioning gendered sexual behaviors that reproduce risk and damage and enable them to help stem the HIV/AIDS epidemic? In this course we will look at cultural texts - to open discussion of gender and how masculinity and femininity are culturally scripted. We will look at ways gender research questions the institution of heterosexuality - with a particular exploration of heterosexual masculinity. And we will take these questions into the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic - relating the cultural scriptings of gender to this urgent contemporary political crisis the world faces. The course draws on instructor's experience of running projects on these issues in different countries. It will include group assignments for planning educational action, and hopes to involve as many men as women students, some of whom might be interested to help building the Hampshire HIV/AIDS program. If more than 25 students are interested in this course the selection will be done on the basis of a questionnaire completed in the first class.

IA 283
Component
Contemporary South Asian Literature
Tuesday 2:30 - 3:20 p.m.
Robin Lewis

In this course, students will be introduced to the dynamic, provocative, and political tradition of literature of the Indian Diaspora available in English. Specifically this course concentrates the later 20th century literature by writers from Pakistan, India, the UK, Canada, the Caribbean, and the US. We will pay particular attention to those issues that intersect under the rubric of "identity politics," such as national identity, ethnic and "racial" allegiance, gender equality, sexuality, class and caste inequities, and exile/expatriates. Using mythology and religion as a cultural springboard, students will spend the first third of the course familiarizing themselves with various narrative tropes through the study of epics, scripture, and films. We will survey a rich and varied list of readings by authors such as Mistry, Ghosh, Kamani, Desani, Sidhwa, Manto, and Rushdie. Prerequisite: 200 level course in post-colonial history, literature, or South Asian studies.

IA 299 Critical Interrogations and Creative Commitments: Reading Virginia Woolf
Monday, Wednesday 6:30 - 7:50 p.m.
Jill Lewis

In this course we will take time to read and reflect on the work of one writer whose work traces, in fiction, diaries, letters and essays, the social and artistic contestations in the first half of 20th century England. We will explore the interweavings of Woolf's life with writers, visual artists and political thinkers of her time - and the critical interrogations these fertilized in her thinking and creative processes. Her radical challenges to gender norms, nationalism and war, and her fascination with different modes of narrative and biography will be central themes in the course. There will be weekly personal writing, text-focused critical papers and the chance for creative responses to the readings. Students of literature, gender studies, creative writing and visual arts will be able to develop their own angle of interests for their final class project. The emphasis of the course is on reading Woolf's own writings. Advance reading of Hermione Lee's biography: Virginia Woolf (a set text for the course) will be a great advantage.

SS 137 Jewish Women's Lives in Transatlantic Perspective
Monday, Wednesday 1:00-2:20 p.m.
Holly Snyder

This course will explore how the experiences of Jewish women were shaped in ways which could be alternately liberating and confining. Beginning in the late medieval period, we will explore the lives of Jewish women in a variety of cultural, religious and national settings in Europe and the Americas, moving from 14th century Spain to the United States in the 20th century, from Portuguese Conversas to German-speaking Ashkenazi matrons, from the shtetls of Eastern Europe to the modern metropolis. By interrogating a variety of texts, we will attempt to arrive at an understanding of what Judaism contributed to the experience of being female and how the gendered constructions within Judaism evolved across time and space in ways that reflected the continuous reinterpretation of Jewish tradition and the adaptation of Judaism itself to the cultural milieu of surrounding non-Jewish societies.

SS 157 Women and Gender in Catholic Europe (Ca. 300-1700)
Tuesday, Thursday 12:30-1:50 p.m.
Jutt Sperling

Early Christianity radically changed prevailing gender relations in late antiquity. Stressing spiritual equality, the church offered (at least initially) ample space for women to become active promoters of the new faith, as martyrs and saints, founders of monasteries and churches, or simple followers of Christ. The renunciation of sexuality freed women from their roles as wives, mothers, and concubines; female virginity was praised as the most worthy state any woman might aspire to. In medieval Catholicism, nuns as well as lay religious women wrote mystic literature, practiced charity, and gave political advice to popes and princes. The cult of the Virgin Mary emphasized motherhood, but women also identified with Christ as man, stressing the femininity of his suffering and "being in the flesh." During the Counter Reformation, new female orders focussed on the education of girls and the evangelization of native Americans. The prosecution of witches (although more severe in Protestant regions) was inspired in part by men's fear of female sexuality, and severely limited women's possibilities for active involvement. Focussing on the history of women and gender in Christianity, this course also offers an introduction to the history of religion in Europe. Readings will consist of primary sources as well as historical scholarship.

SS 164 Benevolent Harm: A Cross-Cultural Study of Genital Alteration Rites
Monday, Wednesday 10:30 - 11:50 a.m.
Leonard Glick

In many societies, young persons of one or both genders are subjected to forms of genital alteration that are usually understood as initiatory rites but are occasionally (as in this country) justified as medically beneficial. I call this "benevolent harm" because those who injure children's genitals believe that there is good reason for doing so: a god or gods demand it; proper social and sexual functioning require it; it's cleaner, healthier, more attractive. But the bottom line is that, whether performed in the name of religion, hygiene, or anything else, genital alteration is harmful destructive surgery, inflicted on non-consenting or coerced persons. Our purpose in this course, however, will not be to condemn but to study, analyze, and understand. Our readings will include ethnographies, historical studies, legal and ethical analyses, and arguments on both sides of the question. Students will be expected to write weekly critical commentary, to be read and discussed in class. By the sixth week each student will have chosen a topic for independent research and will submit a research proposal for class discussion.

SS 179
Component
Human Rights and Political Reform in Contemporary China
Monday, Wednesday 9:00-10:20 a.m.
Kay Johnson

Human rights activists in the west assert that China is one of the worst offenders of human rights in the world today, pointing particularly to Chinese rule in Tibet, the prison labor system and the treatment of political dissidents, while others argue that there have been great improvements in human rights in the 1980s and 1990s. We will evaluate the impact of the changes induced in all aspects of Chinese life and politics by the post-Mao reforms, the booming economy and "opening" to global forces in the past two decades on human rights, cultural expression and political reform in China. In this context, we will examine the development and suppression of the democracy movement of the late 1980s; the emergence of new trends in popular culture; Chinese rule in contemporary Tibet; the controversy over prison labor and organ donation; the impact of population control on women's rights and status; and the role of human rights in U.S.-China relations. The course is designed to help Division I students begin Division I projects in Social Science and also to provide relevant background on Chinese society today for any student who may wish to participate in the Hampshire China Exchange program.

SS 245 Contemporary Race, Feminist and Queer Legal Theories
Tuesday, Thursday 2:00-3:20 p.m.
Marlene Fried Flavio Risech-Ozeguera

The course will explore contemporary legal scholarship which seeks to interrogate the significance of racialized, gendered and sexualized identities in interpretation of normative rules of law guaranteeing equality. We will begin by briefly tracing the development of Critical Legal Studies (CLS) in the 1970s as a challenge from the left to traditional and formalist legal thinking in which law's essential neutrality was assumed. Pushing beyond this basic CLS insight that all law is inherently political and class-biased, contemporary critical race, feminist and queer legal theories seek to expose the racial, gender and sexual fault lines which further complicate legal analysis of the meaning of constitutional guarantees of equality. The heart of the course will be an examination of the ways these theorists articulate new ways to advance an agenda of expansion of the rights of all persons despite (or indeed because of) social differences. Through close readings of landmark court decisions on discrimination cases in conjunction with theoretical articles, we will assess the potential and the limits of the law for defining and realizing equal rights.

SS 274
Component
Population, Environment and Security
Tuesday, Thursday 10:30-11:150 a.m.
Betsy Hartmann

This course will examine the perceived linkages between population, the environment and national security that are evolving in the post-Cold War period. We will first examine the debates regarding the role of population growth in environmental degradation and then consider theories of environmental conflict that identify resource scarcities as an underlying cause of political violence in the Third World. We will also look at the historical development of these ideas with particular reference to the U.S. foreign policy and security establishments, the population community, and the environmental movement. We will consider critiques of these linkages from a number of different perspectives gender, anthropology, critical geography) and through several case studies. Are these ideas likely to have an impact on policy, and if so, where and how?

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