WAGS 11 The Cross-Cultural Construction Of Gender
Monday, Wednesday 12:30 p.m.

This course introduces students to the issues involved in the social and historical construction of gender and gender roles from a cross-cultural and interdisciplinary perspective. Topics will include the uses and limits of biology in explaining human gender differences; male and female sexualities including homosexualities; women and social change; women's participation in production and reproduction; the relationship among gender, race and class as intertwining oppressions; and the functions of visual and verbal representation in the creating, enforcing and contesting of gender norms.

WAGS 39/ REL 39 Women in Judaism
Wednesday 2:00-4:00 p.m.

A study of the portrayal of women in Jewish tradition. Readings will include biblical and apocryphal texts; Rabbinic legal (halakic) and non-legal (aggadic) material; selections from medieval commentaries; letters, diaries, and autobiographies written by Jewish women of various periods and settings; and works of fiction and non-fiction concerning the woman in modern Judaism. Employing an inter-disciplinary and cross-cultural approach, we will examine not only the actual roles played by women in particular historical periods and cultural contexts, but also the roles they assume in traditional literary patterns and religious symbol systems.

WAGS 44 Women's Activism in Global Perspective
Tuesday, Thursday 11:30 a.m.
Basu Hunt

Globally as well as locally, women are claiming a new voice in civil society by spearheading both egalitarian movements for social change and reactionary movements which would restore them to putatively traditional roles. They are prominent in local level community-based struggles but also in women's movements, perhaps the most international movements in the world today. This course will explore the varied expressions of women's activism at the grass roots, national and transnational levels. How is it influenced by the intervention of the state and international agencies? How is it affected by globalization? Among the issues and movements which we will address are struggles to redefine women's rights as human rights, women's activism in religious nationalism, the international gay-lesbian movement, welfare rights activism, responses to state regulation, and campaigns around domestic violence. Our understanding of women's activism is informed by a richly comparative perspective and attention to cases from diverse regions of the world.

WAGS 56/ REL 56 Islamic Construction of Gender
Tuesday, Thursday 10:00 a.m.

The focus of this course is on the lives of contemporary Muslim women, the factors informing constructions of gender in the Islamic world, and the role played by questions of women's status in modern Islamic religion and society. We will begin by briefly examining the status and images of women in classical Islamic thought, including themes relating to scripture, tradition, law, theology, philosophy and literature. The second section of the course will focus on contemporary Muslim women in a number of different cultural contexts in order to highlight a variety of issues significant for contemporary Muslim women: veiling and seclusion, kinship structures, violence, health, feminist activism, literary expression, etc. The final section of the course will deal with an exploration of Muslim feminist thought, which we will attempt to place in dialogue with western feminism with the hope of arriving at a better understanding of issues related to gender, ethics and cultural relativism. Weekly readings will include original religious texts in translation, secondary interpretations, ethnographic descriptions and literary works by Muslim women authors.

WAGS 64/ HIST 46 Women's History: 1865 - Present
Tuesday, Thursday 2:00 p.m.

This course begins with an examination of the experience of women from different racial, ethnic and economic backgrounds during Reconstruction. It will look at changes in family life as a result of increasing industrialization and the westward movement of settler families, and will also look at the settlers' impact on Native American women and families. Topics will include the work and familial experiences of immigrant women (including Irish, Polish, and Italian), women's reform movements (particularly suffrage, temperance and anti-lynching), the expansion of educational opportunities, and the origins and programs of the Progressives. The course will examine the agitation for suffrage and the subsequent split among feminists, women's experience in the labor force, and participation in the world wars. Finally, we will look at the origins of the Second Wave and its struggles to transcend its white middle-class origins.

WAGS 65/ POLSCI 65 States of Poverty
Monday 2:00-4:00

In this course the students will examine the role of the modern welfare state in people's everyday lives. We will study the historical growth and retrenchment of the modern welfare state in the United States and other Western democracies. The course will critically examine the ideologies of ""dependency"" and the role of the state as an agent of social control. In particular, we will study the ways in which state action has implications for gender identities. In this course we will analyze the construction of social problems linked to states of poverty, including hunger, homelessness, health care, disability, discrimination, and violence. We will ask how these conditions disproportionately affect the lives of women and children. We will take a broad view of the interventions of the welfare state by considering not only the impact of public assistance and social service programs, but the role of the police, family courts, therapeutic professionals, and schools in creating and responding to the conditions of impoverishment. The work of the seminar will culminate in the production of a research paper and students will be given the option of incorporating field work into the independent project.

WAGS 66/ HIST 48 Church, Family And Culture In Nineteenth-Century America
Tuesday & Thursday 10:00 a.m.

Course looks at antebellum experience through the lenses of religion, family and literary, artistic and regional culture. Using a mix of primary and secondary sources, students will trace the changing moral values guiding education as well as the varieties of Christianity that gave shape to different forms of activism. It will also track changing family ideologies, the responsibilities of parents and constructions of childhood and adolescence. Texts will reflect the experiences of family members, reformers, slaves, free blacks, evangelical Christians and Native Americans. It will look at artistic and literary representations of sectional themes and events like Indian Removal, westward expansion, The Fugitive Slave Law and the Dred Scott decision.

WAGS 68/ POLSCI 68 Globalization, Social Movements and Human Rights
Wednesday 2:00-4:00 p.m.
Amrita Basu

Explores the changing trajectories of social movements amidst economic, political and cultural globalization. Paradoxically, globalization has simultaneously fueled social movements and presented them with new problems which threaten their achievements. Social movements have organized in opposition to the environmental destruction, increased class inequalities and diminished accountability of nation states that have often been associated with the global spread of capitalism. Globalization from above has given rise to globalization from below as activists have organized transnationally, employing new technologies of communication and appealing to universal principles of human rights. However, in organizing transnationally and appealing to universal principles, activists may find their energies displaced from local to transnational arenas, from substantive to procedural inequalities, and from grass roots activism to routinized activity within the judicial process. We will examine these issues in the context of women's movements, environmental movements, and democracy movements in several regions of the world. We will consider the extent to which globalization heightens divisions between universalistic and particularistic movements or contributes to the creation of a global civil society which can protect and extend human rights.

AS 80
Rights and Resistance: Film and Theater in Latin/o America
Monday, Wednesday 12:30 p.m.
Lara Nielsen

This course offers an introduction to Latin/o American film and theater texts that illuminate cultural and political movements in the Americas during the 20th century. We study the ways in which film, theater, and music address and express crises of social conflict. Drawing on post-colonial and liberation theories of culture, art, and the state, we construct an intellectual history of socially-motivated Latin/o American film and theater performances.

BRUSS24 Language and Gender
Monday 2:00-4:30 p.m.

It is widely documented and accepted that women and men use language differently. Although this finding is based largely on the studies of Western speech communities, especially English, a few studies indicate that similar differences are widespread and can be found in many different cultures. Some of the existing explanations for the differences, such as cultural, power-based, and biological, are controversial, however. In this class these issues will be examined from the perspective of linguistics, especially that of sociolinguistics. We will also conduct fieldwork using the ethnographic approach to compare and contrast this phenomenon cross-culturally. The first part of the course concentrates on learning linguistic methodology and reviewing some of the past studies on the topic. In the second part of the course the students will conduct actual fieldwork on or off campus. The fieldwork will consist of data gathering, data analysis, writing, peer-reviewing, and presenting the conclusions. Knowledge of languages other than English will be helpful.

ENGL 75 Willa Cather
Tuesday, Thursday 11:30 a.m. - 12:50 p.m.
Michele Barale

Until the 1970s, Willa Cather (1876-1947) was read in the context of nation-making. She wrote of American soil, of the Western plains, of pioneers and immigrants, of the women and men who farmed, rode the range, built houses and churches and banks and barns, who succeeded or failed, or who simply toiled, a little bit mad or almost heroically. More recently, however, Willa Cather is read as a queer writer, as someone whose same-sex preferences and affiliations find covert presence in those same American narratives. In this course we will read a selection of Cather's twelve novels, some of her short fiction, as well as a variety of critical texts and biographies with an eye to examining how narratives of sexual and national identity entwine. Short and frequent assignments as well as a long essay (18-20 pages) will be required.

GERM 59 Gender Benders
Monday, Wednesday 2:00-3:20 p.m.

Soldiers, sailors, saints, and thieves, transvestite nuns, and cross-dressed spies. ... This course will trace cross-dressing as a phenomenon in the construction of gender from 1600 to the present, with samples from German and European literature, music and art. Topics will include the one-sex model in pre-modern concepts of gender; the gender revolution around 1800; the woman within: inventing transvestites around 1900; and masculinity in crisis: gender unease in postmodern culture. Course materials include literary texts by Catalina de Erauso, Goethe, Bettina von Arnim, Dorothea Schlegel, Balzac, Virginia Woolf, and Bertolt Brecht; operas (Fidelio, Rosenkavalier); film of the Weimar Republic and contemporary German and Hollywood productions; autobiographies of cross-dressers; and theoretical works by Judith Butler, Marjorie Garber, and Thomas Laqueur. Conducted in English, with German majors required to do a substantial portion of the reading in German.

SPAN 48 Spanish American Fiction by Women
Tuesday, Thursday 11:30 a.m. 12:50 p.m.

"Spanish American Fiction by Women. This course will study contemporary Spanish American novels and short stories written by women. Special attention will be paid to the importance of female forms of resistance, struggle and bonding against social and economic marginalization. The course will also explore the role of women in a variety of political contexts, ranging from revolution to ideological repression. Texts by: Isabel Allende, Gioconda Belli, Rosario Ferré, Angeles Mastreta, Elena Poniatowska, Mayra Santos Febres, Ana Lydia Vega, Zoé Valdés, Luisa Valenzuela, and others. Conducted in Spanish.

Gothic in English Novel
Monday, Wednesday 2:00-3:20 p.m.

Taking ""the gothic"" to mean that moment when human subjectivity is formed under the pressure of being looked at, this course considers the structural and ideological role of the gothic in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century English fiction about marriage. We will study such genres as the sentimental, gothic, and realist novel, with particular attention paid to representations of France and Italy, and to the formation of class, gender, and sexuality. Novels include Sterne, A Sentimental Journey, Radcliffe, The Italian, Austen, Northanger Abbey, Shelley, Frankenstein, Charlotte Brontë, Villette, Collins, The Woman in White, and Henry James, The American.

SOC 34
Social Class
Tuesday, Thursday 10:00 - 11:20 a.m.

This course will consider various ways that class matters in the United States. Historical accounts will be used in conjunction with sociological theories to discuss the formation of classes, including the formation of discourses and myths of class, in American society. Class will then serve as a lens to examine the origins and characteristics of social stratification and inequality in the U.S. The bulk of the course will focus on more contemporary issues of class formation, class structure, class relations, and class culture, paying particular attention to how social class is actually lived out in American culture. Emphasis will be placed on the role class plays in the formation of identity and the ways class cultures give coherence to daily life. In this regard, the following will figure importantly in the course: the formation of upper class culture and the role it plays in the reproduction of power and privilege; the formation of working class culture and the role it plays in leading people to both accept and challenge class power and privilege; the formation of the professional middle class and the importance that status anxiety carries for those who compose it. Wherever possible, attention will be paid to the intersection of class relations and practices with those of other social characteristics, such as race, gender and ethnicity. The course will use sociological and anthropological studies, literature, autobiographies, and films, among other kinds of accounts, to discuss these issues.

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