Humanities, Arts and Cultural Studies
Interdisciplinary Arts
Natural Science
of Social Science
Emily Dickinson Hall
Franklin Patterson Hall
Harold F. Johnson Library
Franklin Patterson Hall

HACU 157
Feminism and Philosophy
Lisa Shapiro
Tuesday, Thursday 2:00-3:20 p.m.

What is it to be a woman? Is there something that can be called the nature of woman? In this course, we will begin by critically examining what exactly we mean by "woman." We will do so by tracing the idea of female nature through the history of philosophy and up through the 20th century. We will then consider the way in which one conceives of womankind affects the way one thinks about issues that impact on women, issues that are often of concern to feminists. These issues might include: reproductive freedom, pornography, prostitution, equal rights, family, sexuality and gender, and beauty, or any other relevant topic of interest to students in the class.

HACU 225 (Component)
The Other Souths
Tuesday, Thursday 2:00-3:20 p.m.
Susan Tracy
L. Brown Kennedy

The "South" is often spoken about as if it were a monolithic unit with a unified geography and culture. In fact, there has always been the South of native Americans, the South of the Euramericans and the South of African Americans. After the latest immigrations in the 1970s through 1990s, the "Souths" of Latino and Asian Americans are emerging as distinct social, political, and cultural units. Focusing on the period 1880-1980, this course seeks to introduce you to the diversity of Southern society by linking its geography, history, and literature. We will explore the Mississippi Delta, the home of the blues; Louisiana bayous and cajun society; Appalachian mines and milltowns; and the culture of the new urban South--like Atlanta and Miami--with its sprawling suburbs and shopping mall culture in the latest "Americanization" of the South. Finally, we will consider the impact which the Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, and the Women's Liberation Movement had on the South, and how present day Southerners are reacting to the new Gay Rights Movement.

HACU 247
Women in Music
Tuesday, Thursday 9:00-10:20 a.m.
Margo Simmons Edwards

This course will investigate some of the leading women composers and performers and their contributions to various fields of music. Selected composers and performers throughout recent history, as well as contemporary artists in the fields of art music, jazz, and popular music will be the focus. The intent of the course will be to highlight some of the vast contributions made by women in the field of music. We will analyze selected musical works and try to define their place in the context of music history.

HACU 248
Woman as Director of Film/Video: Another History
Monday 2:30-5:20 p.m.
Joan Braderman

This course examines the role of women in film and videomaking as auteurs, artists, activists, theorists, critics, and entrepreneurs, from the twenties in Hollywood, when there were more women directing films than at any time since, to the burst of collective creative power in virtually every form engendered by the sixties and seventies women's movement. We will examine the differences in context for work proposed by the dominant cinema and television industries, on the one hand, and the various national political and alternative aesthetic spaces that have brought the "feminine sensibility" behind the camera as well as in front of it. The teens and twenties films of Weber, Shub, Dulac; of Arzner and Deren, Sagan, Riefenstahl in the thirties and forties; then Varda, Chytilova, Duras, Maldorer, Gomez Riechert, Von Trotta, Rainer, Ackerman, Export, Friedrich, Savoco and Bigelow. Contemporary video artists and producers such as Rosler, Birnbaum, Jonas, and Halleck will be examined in their own specific economic, political, and aesthetic contexts. The major critical and theoretical contributions by feminist writers in the seventies like Rich, Mulvey, Lesage, and deLauretis will be examined in relation to work by women. In a field as capital intensive as media production, power for women has often been hard won. This course serves as an alternative view of the film and video making process as it traces the movement of women into it. Prerequisite: Some experience in women's studies and/or film and video criticism.

HACU 254 (Component)
Representing the Family in Photography, Film and Digital Imaging
Tuesday, Thursday 10:30 - 11:50 a.m.
Sandra Matthews

As the domestic scene, once thought to be private, is increasingly understood to be connected to larger cultural issues, visual representations of the family are increasingly valued as cultural expressions and artifacts. Centering our discussion on family snapshots and home movies, we will examine works by artists using photography, film, video, and digital technologies to explore the meanings of family narratives and relationships.

HACU 260
Feminist Challenges to Art History
Tuesday 12:30 - 3:20 p.m.
Sura Levine

Linda Nochlin's 1971 essay "Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?" called for a revision of the "canonial works" of art history to include more women artists. The impact of this essay has been monumental. It provided a model for introducing feminist perspectives and it helped to transform both the "who" and "how" of art history. This course will focus on the impact of Nochlin's and more recent essays in feminist art history as this once-marginal subfield has become a vital and fully integrated part of the discipline today. Topics will include examples of early Anglo-American feminist art historians who sought to resurrect lesser-known women artists; the decorative arts movement of the 1970s as feminist "style;" recent discussions of spectatorship; and the primacy of race, class, gender, and sexuality as subjects central to art historical discourse. Preference will be given to students who have a strong background in art history, feminist theory, and/or cultural studies.

NS 196 (Component)
Cardiovascular Physiology in Health and Disease
Merle S. Bruno

Heart disease is still the major cause of death in the United States, despite decreases in mortality from heart disease in the past ten years. Understanding the research on prevention and treatment of heart disease requires knowledge of the basic physiology of the heart and its accompanying blood vessels as well as the respiratory system and autonomic nervous system. We will also review information on heart attacks, heart failure, arrhythmias, valve dysfunction, and hypertension. Research on how dietary fats affect cardiovascular health will be reviewed, as well as medications and technologies currently being used to treat disease. Other topics that might be addressed through student projects include environmental risk factors such as smoking and stress, women and heart disease, the role of exercise and diet, sudden cardiac death in athletes, the role of meditation in stress reduction, and other topics. These topics will be addressed through team study of actual medical cases, text and research material, individual projects, and an interview with a guest cardiologist. Each student will analyze current research on one topic related either to prevention, disease or treatment and present that review in class and as a final paper. This is an excellent course for starting a Division I project.

SS 157
Women and Gender in Catholic Europe (Ca. 300-1700)
Monday, Wednesday 10:30-11:50 a.m.
Jutta Sperling

Early Christianity radically changed prevailing gender relations in Late Antiquity. Stressing spiritual equality, the church offered--at least initially--ample space for women to become active promoters of the new faith, as martyrs and saints, founders of monasteries and churches, or simple followers of Christ. The renunciation of sexuality freed women from their roles as wives, mothers, and concubines; female virginity was praised as the most worthy state to which any woman might aspire. In medieval Catholicism, nuns as well as lay religious women wrote mystic literature, practiced charity, and gave political advice to popes and princes. The cult of the Virgin Mary emphasized motherhood, but women also identified with Christ as man, stressing the femininity of his suffering and "being in the flesh." During the Counter-Reformation, new female orders focused on the education of girls and the evangelization of native Americans. The prosecution of witches--although more severe in Protestant regions-was inspired in part by men's fear of female sexuality, and severely limited women's possibilities for active involvement. Focusing on the history of women and gender in Christianity, this course also offers an introduction to the history of religion in Europe. Readings will consist of primary sources as well as historical scholarship

SS 165
Women Who Tried to Change our Lives
Monday, Wednesday 1:00-2:20 p.m.
Penina Glazer

This course in U.S. history will focus on several women in the first half of the twentieth century who tried to confront major issues in American women's lives. Using biography and autobiography, we will examine the lives of important figures such as Margaret Sanger, Emma Goldman, Ida Wells Barnett, and Eleanor Roosevelt. We will look at the challenges of the period, the public agenda these women set out, how they went about their work, and the relationship between their private and public lives. Students will write several short essays and one longer biography.

SS 215
Politics Of The Abortion Rights Movement
Tuesday, Thursday 2:00-3:20 p.m.
Marlene Fried

Abortion rights continue to be contested in the U.S. and throughout the world. Since the legalization of abortion in the U.S. in 1973, there have been significant erosions in abortion rights and access to abortion. Harassment of abortion clinics, providers, and clinic personnel by opponents of abortion is routine, and there have been several instances of deadly violence. This course examines the abortion debate in the U.S., looking historically at the period before legalization up to the present. We explore the ethical, political and legal dimensions of the issue and investigate the anti-abortion and abortion rights movements. We view the abortion battle in the U.S. in the wider context of reproductive freedom. Specific topics of inquiry include: abortion worldwide, coercive contraception and sterilization abuse, welfare rights, population control, and the criminalization of pregnancy. Class will meet twice a week for one hour and 20 minutes. Enrollment is open.

SS 222
Rethinking the Population Problem
Tuesday, Thursday 10:30 - 11:50 a.m.
Kay Johnson
Betsy Hartmann

Is the population problem really about a surplus of human numbers, or a lack of basic rights? Is population control, as practiced by governments and international institutions, an effective or ethical response? This course will provide a critical framework for analyzing the phenomenon of rapid population growth in the Third World and reproductive issues affecting the domestic Third World. The course will cover basic demographic concepts; the causes and effects of high birth rates; the impact of population growth on the environment, women's productive, and reproductive roles; the political and cultural assumptions underlying the philosophy of population control; the politics of family planning and health care; the use and abuse of contraceptive technologies, both in the Third World and the West; and alternatives to population control at the national and local levels. There will be a case study of China.

Gender, Race, and Class in United States History and Society
Wednesday 3:00-3:50 p.m.
Susan Tracy
Laurie Nisonoff

This course will examine the social structures and ideologies of gender, race, and class. For instance, when we consider the situation of battered women, we see that all women confront gendered social structures and prejudice. Yet, the experiences of those women and their options vary depending on their race and class. Through the use of examples as the one above, drawn from both history and public policy, we will work to hone our critical skills in analyzing gender, race, and class in American society. This course is designed for advanced Division II and Division III students. Students will have the opportunity to develop comprehensive research projects and to present their own work for class discussion.

WOST Program
Women of Color
Graduate Level
Winter 2000
Amherst College
Mount Holyoke
Smith College