WST 101 Women of Color: Defining the Issues [2 credits]
Thursday 7:30-9:00 p.m.
Marilyn Schuster
Ann Ferguson

Explores the distinct modes of analysis that women of color have brought to understanding their condition, as well as how relations of power have shaped women's knowledge, social practices and forms of resistance. The subjects of the invited lecturers might include women and work, women as culture makers, writers, artists, performers, family as a site of resistance and domination, women and nationalism, images and representations of women of color, self-representations, colonial and postcolonial identities, militarization, migrations, and global capitalism.

WST 250 Modes of Feminist Inquiry
Monday, Wednesday, Thursday 11:00-12:10 p.m.
Susan Van Dyne

In this course students will analyze and apply methods used in the interdisciplinary field of women's studies. We will pay particular attention to the nature of evidence used in interpreting women's lives and to cross-cultural awareness. We will emphasize historiographical and textual analysis, archival research and theory-building. Our goal is to learn to use critical methods that will help us understand the personal, social, and political choices made by women in the past and present. Recommended for sophomores and juniors.

WST 300 Special Topics in Women's Studies : Women, Culture and Development
Thursday 3:00-4:50 p m.
Kum-Kum Bhavnani

The course begins by tracing the contours of development, feminist, and cultural studies, to raise questions from about what an explicitly gendered development is and could be. Next, the course moves towards a consideration of particular arenas of contestation - from labor and economic development, to the environment, reproduction, sexuality, struggles over the nation and making change. We shall also read one novel during the course which contains many of the themes central to reflections on development. Theoretical considerations will be grounded through readings, film, and case studies from and about many sites in the Third World. Primarily intended for junior and senior majors. Enrollment limited. Prerequisite: WST 150, 230 or permission of the instructor required.

WST 320 Women of Color in Feminist Movements in the U.S.
Tuesday 3:00-4:50 p.m.
Ann Ferguson

This seminar will examine how feminists in the United States have addressed the interaction of sex/gender subordination with racial and ethnic inequality through their theoretical work, political movement, and expressive culture. Our focus will be on the work of women of color who have foregrounded the ways in which this intersection of social identities has profoundly shaped the meaning of sex/gender as well as what is considered feminist theory and practice in the US today. We draw on a wide range of texts as the starting point for an exploration of how race/ ethnicity makes a difference in the understanding of and action around issues that are thought of as "women's." One important goal will be to facilitate a dialogue over the course of the semester about questions of "difference" and power between and among women and the meaning this makes in our own lives. Will fulfill the Women of Color requirement inside the U.S. for the Women's Studies major and minor.

AAS 248 Gender in the Afro-American Literary Tradition
Carolyn Powell

A study of Afro-American literature through the lens of gender. How does the issue of gender affect the relationship between race and writing? Authors include: Hilton Als, Zora Neale Hurston, Charles Johnson, Toni Morrison, Dorothy West, and John Edgar Wideman. Will fulfill the Women of Color requirement inside the U.S. for the Women's Studies major and minor.

AMS 120 Scribbling Women
Monday, Wednesday 1:10-2:30 p.m.
Sherry Marker

With the help of the Sophia Smith Collection and the Smith College Archives, this writing-intensive course looks at a number of 19th and 20th century American women writers. All wrestled with specific issues that confronted them as women; each wrote about important issues in American society.

ANT 244 Gender, Science and Culture
Tuesday, Thursday 1:00-2:50 p.m.
Frédérique Apffel-Marglin

The starting point for this course will be feminist anthropological studies of the biology of women's bodies. The course is located at the intersection of feminist critiques of science, ethnographic studies of modern Western scientific practices, and the new historiography of science. The course will range from women's explicit exclusion from the beginnings of science in 16th and 17th century Western Europe to contemporary practices of in vitro fertilization and germ-line engineering.

ANT 251 Women and Modernity in East Asia
Monday, Wednesday 9 :00-10:20 a.m.
Suzanne Zhang-Gottschang

This course explores the roles, representations and experiences of women in 20th century China, Korea, Vietnam and Japan in the context of the modernization projects of these countries. Through ethnographic and historical readings, film and discussion this course examines how issues pertaining to women and gender relations have been highlighted in political, economic, and cultural institutions. The course compares the ways that Asian women have experienced these processes through three major topics: war and revolution, gendered aspects of work, and women in relation to the family. Subject to the Approval of the Committee on Academic Priorities. This course is co-sponsored by, and cross-listed in, the East Asian Studies Program. Will fulfill the Women of Color requirement outside the U.S. for the Women's Studies major and minor.

ARH 101 Approaches to Visual Representation: Women in the Arts
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 9:00-9:50am
Nina James-Fowler

In this course we will survey the roles of women in the arts, as patronesses, artists, architects, clients and collectors. The course will be organized around ten women from a variety of periods, cultures and professions.

CLT 223 Women's Autobiographies in Russia and the West
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 9:00-9:50 a.m.
Alexander Woronzoff-Dashkoff

A study of women's autobiographies from the 18th to the 20th century. The course will examine the historical and cultural contexts as well as issues of gender, class, race, disguise, etc. Works by Ekaterina Dashkova, Nadezhda Durova, Virginia Woolf, Marina Tsvetaeva, Maxine Hong Kingston, and Maya Angelou.

CLT 229 The Renaissance Gender Debate
Tuesday, Thursday 10:00-30-11:50 am
Ann Jones

In "La Querelle des Femmes" medieval and Renaissance writers (1350-1650) took on misogynist ideas from the ancient world and early Christianity; woman as failed man, irrational animal, fallen Eve. Writers debated women's sexuality (insatiable or purer than men's?), marriage (the hell of nagging wives or the highest Christian state?), women's souls (nonexistent or subtler than men's?), female education (a waste of time or a social necessity?). Brief study of the social and cultural changes fuelling the polemic; analysis of the many literary forms it took, from Chaucer's Wife of Bath to Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew, scholars' dialogues, and pamphlets from the popular press. Some attention to the battle of the sexes in the visual arts. Recommended: a previous course in classics, medieval or Renaissance studies or women's studies.

CLT 267 African Women's Drama
Tuesday, Thursday 1:00-2:50 a.m.
Katwiwa Mule

This course will examine how African women playwrights use drama to confront the realities of women's lives in contemporary Africa. We will consider the following questions: What is the specificity of the vision unveiled in African women's drama? How do the playwrights use drama to mock rigid power structures and confront crisis, instability, and cultural expression in postcolonial Africa? How and to what purpose do they interweave the various aspects of performance in African oral traditions with European dramatic elements? Readings, some translated from French, Swahili and other African languages, will include Ama Ata Aidoo's Anowa, Osonye Tess Onwueme's Tell It to Women: An Epic Drama for Women, and Penina Mlama's Nguzo Mama (Mother Pillar). Will fulfill the Women of Color requirement outside the U.S. for the Women's Studies major and minor.

CLT 272 Women Writing: 20th-Century Fiction
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 11:00-12:10 p.m.
Marilyn Schuster

A study of the pleasures and politics of fiction by women from English-speaking and French-speaking cultures. How do women writers engage, subvert and/or resist dominant meanings of gender, sexuality, race and ethnicity and create new narrative spaces? Who speaks for whom? How does the reader participate in making meaning(s)? How do different theoretical perspectives (feminist, lesbian, queer, psychoanalytical, postcolonial, postmodern) change the way we read? Writers such as Woolf, Colette, Condé, Morrison, Duras, Rule, Kingston, Atwood and Youngblood. Not open to first-year students.

EAL 244 Constructions of Gender in Modern Japanese Women's Writing
Tuesday, Thursday 1:00-2:20 p.m.
Kimberly Kono

This course will focus on the construction of gender in the writings of Japanese women from the mid-19th century until the present. How does the existence of a "feminine literary tradition" in premodern Japan influence the writing of women during the modern period? How do these texts reflect, resist, and reconfigure conventional representations of gender? We will explore the possibilities and limits of the articulation of feminine and feminist subjectivities, as well as investigate the production of such categories as race, class, and sexuality in relation to gender and to each other. Readings will include short stories and novels by such writers as Higuchi Ichiyô, Hayashi Fumiko, Kôno Taeko, Yoshimoto Banana and Yamada Amy. Taught in English, with no knowledge of Japanese required. Will fulfill the Women of Color requirement outside the U.S. for the Women's Studies major and minor.

EAL 360 The Tale of Genji and Its Legacy
Tuesday, Thursday 3:00-4:20
Thomas Rohlich

The seminar will begin with a reading and study of The Tale of the Genji, one of the greatest works of Japanese literature. We will look at the cultural and societal milieu of the author, as well as the textual features that mark it as an icon of Japanese culture today. In the second part of the course we will look at ways in which the Genji is (re)presented in later texts--Noh plays, Edo parodies, and modern short stories and novels--as a way of examining both the question of influence and the role that the Genji plays in the literature of later generations. All readings are in English translation.

ENG 264 American Women Poets
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 1:10-2:30pm
Susan Van Dyne

We'll begin with Sylvia Plath's Ariel, composed in 1962, and end with Rita Dove's Thomas and Beulah, winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1987. We'll also read Anne Sexton, Adrienne Rich, Elizabeth Bishop, Audre Lorde, Sharon Olds, Cathy Song, and Louise Erdrich, and several other poets from the last 25 years as we investigate what it means to write and to read as a woman. Our task is to understand how these poems work and how they help us see the intersections of gender, ethnicity, sexuality, and literary creativity; mother-daughter relationships; the poetic responsibilities of being a historical witness or political actor; the changing forms of familial and sexual love in the late 20th century. Prerequisite: A college literature course; not open to first year students.

ENG 280 Advanced Essay Writing: Essays by Women
Tuesday 1:00-2:50 pm
Ann Boutelle

In this workshop-course, we will explore Joan Didion's claim that "writing is the act of saying I." And we will look at how some contemporary women writers have defined and revealed themselves, placing the "I" firmly at the center of their non-fictional writings. A major focus will be on the interweaving of voice, structure, style, and content. As we read the work of ourselves and of others, we will be searching for strategies, devices, rhythms, patterns, and approaches that we might adapt to our own writing purposes. The reading list will consist of writings by twentieth-century American women. Admission is by permission of the instructor. During registration period, students should sign up for the course and leave samples of their writing at the English Department Office, Wright 101.

ENG 300 Seminar: Willa Cather's Fiction
Wednesday 7:30-9:30 p.m.
Rick Millington

This seminar will explore the writing of Willa Cather. - after Faulkner, the most distinguished American fiction writer of the twentieth century. We will work chronologically: reading some of the early, "Jamesian" short stories; witnessing her return to the Nebraska of her childhood for a set of subjects and strategies she felt to be more truly her own; tracking her emergence as the creator of a distinctive, lucid, and obliquely revolutionary American modernism. After years of relative neglect, Cather's work has been of late attracting the critical attention it deserves. While our main focus will be on developing our own account of the experience of reading Cather, we will devote some of our time to understanding and assessing some of the most interesting critical approaches to Cather's texts, ranging from strong traditional essays to the insights offered by feminist, historicist, and queer theory approaches to her fiction. Students should leave the seminar, then, in possession of their own understanding of Cather's achievement as a writer, and with some sense of our present moment in literary criticism.

ESS 550 Women in Sport
Monday, Wednesday 9:00-10:20 a.m.
Christine Shelton

A course documenting the role of women in sport as parallel and complementary to women's place in society. Contemporary trends will be linked to historical and sociological antecedents. Focus is historical, contemporary and future perspectives and issues in women's sport. Offered in alternate years. Admission of undergraduates by permission of the instructor.

FLS 241 Woman and American Cinema: Representation, Spectatorship, Authorship
Alexandra Keller

This course provides a broad survey of women in American films from the silent period to the present. It examines the topic at three levels: 1) how women are represented on film, and how those images relate to actual contemporaneous American society and culture; REPRESENTATION 2) formulations, expectations and realities of female spectatorship as they relate to genre, the star and studio systems, dominant codes of narration, etc.; SPECTATORSHIP 3) how women as stars, writers and directors shape and respond to, work within and against, dominant considerations of how women look. AUTHORSHIP In other words, we'll be examining how women are seen, how women see, how women are expected to see and be seen.

FRN 230 Black Francophone Women Writers
Thursday 10:30-11:50 a.m.
Dawn Fulton

Images of slavery, sexuality, and France in the works of contemporary Black women writers from Africa and the Caribbean. Such authors as Mariama Bâ, Maryse Condé, and Myriam Warner-Vieyra. Will fulfill the Women of Color requirement outside the U.S. for the Women's Studies major and minor.

HST 228 Religious Women in Medieval Society
Tuesday, Thursday 1:00-2:15 p.m.
Fiona Griffiths

Monasticism provided medieval women an opportunity to pursue the religious life free from the obligations of marriage, motherhood and family. Topics include saints and martyrs, prophets and heretics, sexuality and virginity, literacy and education within the cloister, mysticism, relations between religious women and men, and the relevance of gender in the religious life. Do medieval texts by and about religious women reveal a distinctive feminine spirituality?

HST 278 History of Women in the United States, 1865-1970
Tuesday, Thursday 1:00-2:20 pm
Helen Lefkowitz Horowitz

This course examines the historical position of women within the society and culture. Problems will include the implications of class, changing notions of sexuality, educational growth, feminism, African-American women in "freedom," wage-earning women, careers, radicalism, the sexual revolution, the impact of the world wars and depression and feminism's second wave. Emphasis on social and cultural aspects.

HST 280 Problems of Inquiry: Women, Work and Protest in 20th Century America
Tuesday, Thursday 2:40-4:00 p.m.
Kathleen Banks Nutter

The history of work in its social and political context, 1870's to present. Topics include women's work at home and in the paid labor force, labor movements, race and class. New Deal, public policies affecting women and men at work, labor and the global economy.

HST 378 Problems in 20th-Century United States History: Feminism Since 1945
Thursday 3:00-4:50 p.m.
Kate Weigand

This research seminar will focus on the origins and evolution of modern feminism in the United States. We will examine the roots of the contemporary women's movement in the Old Left, the union movement, the Democratic Party, the National Woman's Party, the New Left, and the Civil Rights movement, and analyze the particular strains of feminism that emerged from each of these sources between the end of World War II and the mid-1960s. Turning toward the period 1965-1981 we will use primary and secondary sources to explore the two major approaches to feminism embodied in the loosely defined categories "liberal feminism" and "women's liberation," focusing particularly on the aims, methods, accomplishments and limitations of each approach in regard to issues of race, class, gender, sexuality, and ethnicity. We will conclude by evaluating the impact of the modern women's movement on the politics and culture of the U.S. society in the last half of the 20th century.

IDP 208 Women's Medical Issues
Tuesday, Thursday 10:30-11:50 a.m.
Leslie Jaffe

A study of topics and issues relating to women's health, including menstrual cycle, contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancy, abortion, menopause, depression, eating disorders, nutrition, and cardiovascular disease. While the course focus will primarily be on the physiological aspects of these topics, some social, ethical, and political implications will be considered, including the issues of violence and the media's representation of women. Enrollment limited to 70.

PHI 305 Topics in Feminist Theory: Gender and Human Identity
Tuesday 3:00-4:50 p.m.
Meredith Michaels

An examination of the definition and foundations of gender and its relation to race and class as components of human identity. Attention to the political, legal, and economic conditions which affect and are affected by the meanings of these dimensions of identity. Prerequisites: at least one course from the philosophy, feminism, and society concentration in the philosophy minor, or permission of the instructor.

PSY 266 Psychology of Women
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 8:30-9:50 am
Lauren Duncan

Exploration of the existence, origins, and implications of the behavioral similarities and differences between women and men and of the psychological realities of women's lives. Topics include gender role stereotypes and gender role development, power issues in the family, workplace, and politics and mental health and sexuality. Particular emphasis is given to the issue of diversity among women. Prerequisite: 112 or permission of the instructor.

PSY 268 Lesbian Identity and Experience
Tuesday, Thursday 9:00-10:20 a.m.
Kathleen Shanahan

Perspectives on the psychological, social, and cultural construction of lesbian identity and sexual orientation are examined. Themes include the lesbian in contemporary and historical context; sexual orientation as it intersects with gender, race, ethnicity, and social class; identity politics vs. queer theory; bisexuality, transgenderism, and transsexuality; lesbian identity development in adolescence and adulthood; issues of coming out; sexism; heterosexism and homophobia; lesbian and bisexual sex and intimacy; and lesbian coupling, family-building, and parenting. The strengths and resiliencies of lesbians as well as the kinds of psychological and social problems that can develop in hostile and disaffirming contexts are examined.

PSY 366 Seminar: Psychology of Women's Issues in Adolescent Gender Role Development
Wednesday 1:10-4:00 pm
Lauren Duncan

In this course we examine psychological issues girls face in their adolescent years. Topics may include body image, self-esteem, academic achievement, peer and dating relationships, and gender socialization. This is a community based learning course and a central component involves volunteering as a mentor to an adolescent girl in Northampton. There are no prerequisites, but permission of the instructor is required.

REL 234 Judaism and Feminism
Tuesday, Thursday 9:00-10:20 a.m.
Lois Dubin

An introduction to major works and issues in the contemporary feminist reconstruction of Judaism. Examines the possibilities for new relations to the Jewish tradition through recovery of Jewish women's history and experience, critique and reinterpretation of classical texts, and changing conceptions of God, community, ritual, and sexuality.

REL 242 Mary: Images and Cults
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 11:00-12:10 pm
Vera Shevzov

Whether revered as the Birth-Giver of God or simply remembered as a Jewish peasant woman, Mary has both inspired and challenged generations of Christian women and men. This course focuses on key developments in the "history of Mary" since Christian times to the present. How has her image shaped Christianity? What does her image in any given age tell us about personal and collective Christian identity? Topics include Mary's "life"; rise of the Marian cult; Mary and the Papacy; differences among Protestant, Catholic and Orthodox Christians; apparitions (e.g., Guadalupe and Lourdes); miracle-working icons; Mary, liberation and feminism. Liturgical, devotional, and theological texts, art, music, and film.

SOC 224 Family and Society
Tuesday, Thursday 10:30-11:50 a.m.
Alice Julier

This course examines the relationship between the ideals, perceptions and experiences of family life in American society and the larger, social historical context in which they occur. General topics will include the historical transformation of the family, the creation and maintenance of contemporary family structures, the social construction of family crisis and the future of the family. {S} 4 credits

SOC 229 Sex and Gender in American Society
Tuesday, Thursday 9:00-10:20 am
Nancy Whittier

An examination of the ways in which the social system creates, maintains, and reproduces gender dichotomies with specific attention to the significance of gender in interaction, culture, and a number of institutional contexts, including the economy, politics, and the family.

SOC 310 The Sociology of Courageous Behavior: Gender, Community and the Individual
Tuesday 3:00-4:50 pm
Myron Glazer

The application of theory and research in contemporary sociology, with particular emphasis on the study of loss, adversity, and courageous response. Case studies include the analysis of ordinary people and extraordinary evil, the grandmothers of the Plaza del Mayo, the oppressive Communist society in Czechoslovakia, resistance in concentration camps and ghettos and rescuers of Jews during the European Holocaust. Women's memoirs will serve as a major source. Admission by permission of the instructor

THE 214 Black Theatre
Tuesday, Thursday 10:30-11:50 a.m.
Andrea Hairston

A study of the Black experience as it has found expression in the theatre. Emphasis on the Black playwrights, performers, and theatres of the 1950s to the 1990s. The special focus on Black Theatre U.S.A. makes this course integral with Afro-American studies offerings. More than half the playwrights considered are women, and the investigation of gender is central to examining all plays and productions. Attendance required at some performances.

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