The Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals are a set of skills desirable for the broad practice of public health. They reflect the characteristics that staff of public health organizations may want to possess as they work to protect and promote the health of the community*.
These competencies fall into categories of:
- Analytical/Assessment Skills
- Policy Development/Program Planning Skills
- Communication Skills
- Cultural Competency Skills
- Community Dimensions of Practice Skills
- Public Health Sciences Skills
- Financial Planning and Management
- Leadership and Systems Thinking Skills
Specific sets of competencies have been developed for certain subsets of the public health workforce, such as Community Health Workers and other healthcare professionals who deliver essential public health services.
A large portion of state and local health departments, as well as public health academic institutions, utilize the Core Competencies to identify and meet workforce development needs.
Separate from the Core Competencies, the CDC National Public Health Performance Standards Program (NPHPSP) has identified ten Essential Public Health Services which provide a working definition of public health and a guiding framework for the responsibilities of local public health systems. They include:
- Monitor health status to identify and solve community health problems.
- Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community.
- Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.
- Mobilize community partnerships and action to identify and solve health problems.
- Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
- Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.
- Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable.
- Assure competent public and personal health care workforce.
- Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
- Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
*From The Council of Linkages Between Academia and Public Health Practice