Non-Specific Cervicitis (NSC)
What is Non-Specific Cervicitis (NSC)?
An inflammation of the cervix which can be caused by a bacteria, virus, yeast, parasite, protozoan, and/or fungus. It can be transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected person.
Complications of NSC include sterility and pelvic inflammatory disease, which carries an increased risk of ectopic (tubal) pregnnacy, miscarriage, premature delivery and/or newborns with the risk of serious infections. Although rare, untreated NSC can cause heart trouble, skin disease, arthritis or eye damage.
How do I know if I have NSC?
Most people have no symptoms. When symptoms are present, they can appear two days to 33 weeks after exposure and usually include pain and/or frequency of urination similar to a urinary tract infection. Other symptoms include abdominal pain, sometimes with fever and nausea; vaginal bleeding between menstrual cycles and vaginal discharge which may have a foul odor.
How is NSC diagnosed?
Diagnosis includes a physical exam and cultures or microscopic examinations of genital secretions and sometimes, urine.
How is NSC treated?
Most, but not all, cases respond to antibiotics; several different antibiotics may be required. Sometimes it may be necessary to use cryotherapy (freezing) of the cervix in hopes of eliminating the problem.