University of Massachusetts Amherst

Department of Sociology




Melissa Hodges


Melissa is a sixth year graduate student in residence. Her interests include race, class and gender inequality, income inequality, gender and work, care work, and social policy. She is currently developing a dissertation prospectus that investigates the effects of children on couples' earnings. She has served as co-chair of the Sociology Graduate Student Association (2008-2009) and as a Graduate Employee Organization Steward (2007-2008). Melissa is a member of the American Sociological Association and the Population Association of America.


2004 B.A. Social Relations James Madison College of Public Affairs, Michigan State University

Comprehensive Exams

"He's Having a Baby: How First-time Fatherhood Impacts Men's Earnings."
Defended December 12, 2008.

"The Effects of Children on Earnings: Investigating Inequality Within and Between Households."
To be defended August 29, 2011.


Melissa Hodges and Michelle Budig. 2008. "Self-Employment." Encyclopedia of the Life Course and Human Development.

Michelle J. Budig and Melissa J. Hodges. 2010. "Differences in Disadvantage: Variation in the Motherhood Wage Penalty Across White Women's Earnings Distribution." American Sociological Review 75(5): 705-728.

Melissa J. Hodges and Michelle J. Budig. 2010. "Who Gets the Daddy Bonus? Organizational Hegemonic Masculinity and the Impact of Fatherhood on Earnings." Gender & Society 24(6): 717-745.


Research Projects in Progress

A comparative study of the impact of social policies on women's self-employment in Western Europe with Michelle Budig.

"Penalties for Paid and Unpaid Care Work." With Paula England, Suzanne Bianchi, Michelle Budig, and Joan Kahn.

Awards and Fellowships

2010 – Recipient of the Center for Research on Families' Graduate Student Research Grant, University of Massachusetts—Amherst

2011 – Reuben Hill Award for Best Paper from the National Council on Family Relations for "Differences in Disadvantage: How the Wage Penalty for Motherhood Varies Across Women's Earnings Distribution." Michelle J. Budig and Melissa Hodges. The American Sociological Review 75(5):705-28.



SOCIOL 222 – Sociology of the Family, Spring 2010

Teaching Assistant

SOCIOL 107 – Contemporary American Society, Fall 2006
SOCIOL 242 – Drugs and Society, Spring 2007
SOCIOL 222 – Sociology of the Family, Fall 2007
SOCIOL 213 – Data Collection, Spring 2008; 2009
SOCIOL 212 – Introduction to Statistics, Fall 2008
SOCIOL 711 – Introduction to Graduate Statistics, Fall 2009


Department of Sociology • Thompson Hall • University of Massachusetts–Amherst, MA 01003