Resources for Counselors
Crisis, Trauma, & Violence
School counselors often are faced with children who experience crisis, trauma, and violence. Unfortunately, these events can happen on school grounds. As counselors we can be advocates for children and help create a safe environment in the school. Below you will find links to fact sheets, informational web sites, curriculum, and recent research on how schools can manage crisis, trauma, and violence.
Consortium to Prevent School Violence
The Consortium has a collection of fact sheets on violence and prevention.
Crisis Counseling Guide
This guide lists age appropriate responses to trauma and tips for coping.
FEMA for Kids
The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s web site offers tips for educators on how to help children who have endured trauma or a disaster.
National Center for School Crisis and Bereavement
The Center published the Guidelines for Responding to the Death of a Student or School Staff to help school staff and administrators respond to a loss associated with their school.
National Center for Victims of Crime
This bulletin, Get Help: When a Youth is Victimized, is a guide to help school staff or other adults support young victims of crime get help.
National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Medical University of South Carolina
This publication, Child Victim Reaction Handout, describes common reactions of children to traumatic events such as physical or sexual assault.
U.S. Department of Education
The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services published Early Warning: Timely Response: A Guide to Safe Schools.
Informational Web Sites
American Psychological Association
The APA provides information on trauma and violence including how to cope with trauma, how to recognize signs of violence, links to current news articles, and recommended books.
The Child Trauma Institute
Child Trauma Institute
promotes the healing and healthy development of children and adolescents who have experienced trauma or loss. The site has information on assessments, treatments, and research studies.
David Baldwin’s Trauma Information Pages
Dr. Baldwin is a licensed psychologist whose expertise is in the treatment of emotional trauma and post traumatic stress disorder. He has compiled a comprehensive collection of resources including information on trauma and articles.
National Association of School Psychologists
NASP provides resources for schools on school safety, violence prevention, crisis response, and trauma.
National Child Traumatic Stress Network
This web site has information on different types of trauma as well as resources for educators, a tool kit, and an informative newsletter.
What Works Clearinghouse
The Institute of Education Sciences has found the Too Good for Violence intervention to show potentially positive effects.
CSCORE does not endorse any of the following research studies. Instead our goal is to present you with the latest research being conducted. It is up to you to decide if the study is reliable and valid.
A Qualitative Investigation of Averted School Shooting Rampages
By: Jeffrey A. Daniels, Adam Volungis, Erin Pshenishny, Punita Gandhi, Amy Winkler, Daniel P. Cramer, and Mary C. Bradley
The Counseling Psychologist, 2010
http://tcp.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/38/1/69 (fee required)
A Meta-Analysis of Interventions for Bereaved Children and Adolescents
By: Rita Rosner, Joachim Kruse, and Maria Hagl
Death Studies, 2010
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a918633166&db=all (fee required)
Using Art with Vulnerable Children
By: Stevi Cumming and John Visser
Support for Learning, 2009
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122685494/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0 (fee required)
A Preventive Intervention Program for Urban African American Youth Attending an Alternative Education Program: Background, Implementation, and Feasibility
By: Steven B. Carswell, Thomas E. Hanlon, Kevin E. O’Grady, Amy M. Watts, and Pattarapan Pothong
Education and Treatment of Children, August 2009
http://muse.jhu.edu/login?uri=/journals/education_and_treatment_of_children/v032/32.3.carswell.html (fee required)
Study of a Violence Prevention Program in Prekindergarten Classrooms
By: Allen, Susan F.
Children and Schools, 2009
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nasw/cs/2009/00000031/00000003/art00005 (fee required)
A cluster randomized controlled trial of child-focused psychiatric consultation and a school systems-focused intervention to reduce aggression
By: Peter Fonagy, Stuart W. Twemlow, Eric M. Vernberg, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Edward J. Dill, Todd D. Little, and John A. Sargent
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121661170/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0 (fee required)
Effects of Participation in a Martial Arts-Based Antibullying Program in Elementary Schools
By: Stuart W. Twemlow, Bridget K. Biggs, Timothy D. Nelson, Eric M. Vernberg, Peter Fonagy, and Stephen W. Twemlow
Psychology in the Schools, 2008
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121503266/abstract (fee required)
The Evaluation of School-Based Violence Prevention Programs: A Meta-Analysis*
By: Hyoun-Kyoung, Park-Higgerson, Suzanne E Perumean-Chaney, Alfred A Bartolucci, Diane M Grimley, and Karan P Singh
The Journal of School Health, 2008
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121371833/abstract (fee required)
School Violence: Associations with Control, Security/Enforcement, Educational/Therapeutic Approaches, and Demographic Factors
By: Amanda B Nickerson and Matthew P Martens
School Psychology Review, 2008
http://eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/custom/portlets/recordDetails/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=EJ800147&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=EJ800147 (fee required)
Effects of an Intruder Crisis Drill on Children's Knowledge, Anxiety, and Perceptions of School Safety
By: Elizabeth J. Zhe and Amanda B. Nickerson
School Psychology Review, 2007