Bipolar and Depressive Disorders

Below you will find links to Web Resources, Book Chapters and Books, and Journal Research Articles .

Web Resources

Depression and Depressive Disorders

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Depression Information
Publication on depression and depressive disorders. This describes the symptoms, causes, and treatments of depression. Includes information on getting help and coping. A free PDF version can be printed to use as a resource with students and families.

Mental Health America (MHA)
What you need to know about depression, with links to many topics related to depression. Additional information includes depression in children and teens, women, and African-Americans, as well as different types of depressive disorders, exploring myths about depression, treatments, and self-care strategies.

Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA)
The national nonprofit organization dedicated to preventing and treating anxiety, depression, and related disorders. Provides information on depressive disorders, and how to cope with and treat symptoms.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)
Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder Fact Sheet- Information about a new disorder definition in the DSM-5 that is designed to reduce over-diagnosis and over-treatment of bipolar disorder in children. This diagnosis is for children up to age 18 who present with persistent irritability and frequent episodes of extreme behavioral dyscontrol.

Child Mind Institute Guide on Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
This guide outlines information on the new diagnosis, signs and symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and possible comorbid disorders.

Depression in Youth

Minnesota Association for Children’s Mental Health
Fact sheet on depression and how this disorder affects children and adolescents. Includes educational implications, instructional strategies, and classroom accommodations.

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Youth Depression Fact Sheet- Fact sheet on depression in children and adolescents.

NIMH Depression and High School Students
Frequently asked questions about depression in high school students. Describes depression, symptoms, and causes, and what to do if you or someone else is depressed.

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP)
The Depression Resource Center provides information about depression in children and adolescents with links to additional information for parents and educators.

PsychCentral Teenage Depression
Information on depression in teenagers, with a list of possible symptoms and how these may differ from adult depression.

Bipolar Disorder

NIMH Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents
Publication on bipolar disorder in youth, covering many topics such as causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment for the disorder. A PDF version of this information can be downloaded and printed for free from either link (main version and easy-to-read version).

National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens
Discusses how common bipolar disorder in youth is and who may be at risk, what signs and symptoms to look for, diagnosis, and promising treatment options for teens.

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP)
The Bipolar Disorder Resource Center provides information about bipolar disorder in children and adolescents with links to additional information for parents and educators.

Resources for Families and Schools

National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) Mood Disorders in Youth
What parents and teachers should know about mood disorders in children and youth. This article describes mood disorders, how these disorders affect youth, signs and symptoms, and ways to help.

NASP Depression Fact Sheet
Information for parents and educators about depression in children and adolescents. Presents youth depression facts on prevalence, risk factors, symptoms, treatments, and what schools can do to help students.

The Balanced Mind Parent Network
A program of the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA), which provides information, resources, and support to families and youth with depression or bipolar disorders.

Effective Child Therapy (ECT) Specific Evidence-Based Treatment Programs for Depression
In addition to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), ECT identifies three programs as evidence-based treatments for depression in youth. General information is provided for each program, along with links to access or purchase curriculum materials.

Effective Child Therapy (ECT) Specific Evidence-Based Treatment Programs for Bipolar Disorder
In addition to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), ECT identifies three programs as evidence-based treatments for bipolar disorder in youth. General information is provided for each program.

NREPP Intervention Summary for Adolescent Coping with Depression (CWD-A) Program
SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) summarizes the effectiveness of the Adolescent Coping with Depression course. In addition to reviews, a link can be found under “Contact Information” to access the course materials to use for free.

Teaching Resilience and Sense of Purpose in School to Prevent Future Depression
Martin Seligman’s study and conference speech are reviewed by the American Psychological Association (APA). Two evidence-based programs were studied by Seligman’s researchers and suggest that schools could incorporate these programs to help prevent depression and anxiety in students while also improving grades.

School Psychiatry Program Depression Interventions at School
The Massachusetts General Hospital’s School Psychiatry Program provides information on depression in youth and outlines some interventions for a school setting. Please follow the additional link listed on the website to see a detailed list of School-Based Interventions and Accommodations.

American Counseling Association (ACA) Young and Depressed Article
A feature story in Counseling Today on youth depression. This article highlights the importance of school counselors in identifying students with depression, and how we can best help students in a school setting.

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Book Chapters and Books

DBT Skills Training Manual
Linehan, M.M. (2014). DBT skills training manual (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Amazon.com

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Journal Research Articles

CSCORE does not endorse any of the following research studies.  Instead our goal is to present you with the latest research being conducted.  It is up to you to decide if the study is reliable and valid.

Effects of Psychotherapy for Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-analysis
Weisz, J.R., McCart, C.A., & Valeri, S.M. (2006). Effects of psychotherapy for depression in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 132-149.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16435960

Toward Guidelines for Evidence-Based Assessment of Depression in Children and Adolescents
Klein, D., Dougherty, L., & Olino, T. (2005). Toward guidelines for evidence-based assessment of depression in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 412-432.
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16026212

Depression and School Performance in Middle Adolescent Boys and Girls
Frojd, S.A., Nissinen, E.S., Pelkonen, M.U.I., Marttunen, M.J., Koivisto, A.M., & Kaltiala-Heino, R. (2008). Depression and school performance in middle adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Adolescence, 31(4), 485-498.
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140197107000929

The Prevention of Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Review
Gladstone, T.R.G., & Beardslee, W.R. (2009). The prevention of depression in children and adolescents: A review. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(4), 212-221.
Abstract and Journal Access: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19321027

Evaluation of a Group Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention Program for Young Adolescents: A Randomized Effectiveness Trial
Gillham, J.E., Reivich, K.J., Brunwasser, S.M., Freres, D.R., Chajon, N.D., Kash-MacDonald, V.M., Chaplin, T.M., Abenavoli, R.M., Matlin, S.L., Gallop, R.J., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2012). Evaluation of a group cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program for young adolescents: A randomized effectiveness trial. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 41(5), 621-639.
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2012.706517#preview

A High School Counselor’s Leadership in Providing School-Wide Screenings for Depression and Enhancing Suicide Awareness
Erickson, A., & Abel, N.R. (2013). A high school counselor’s leadership in providing school-wide screenings for depression and enhancing suicide awareness. Professional School Counseling, 16(5), 283-289.
https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1034665

Reducing Depression Among At-Risk Early Adolescents: Three-Year Effects of a Family-Centered Intervention Embedded Within Schools
Connell, A.M., & Dishion, T.J. (2008). Reducing depression among at-risk early adolescents: Three-year effects of a family-centered intervention embedded within schools. Journal of Family Psychology, 22(4), 574-585.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2813766/

Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents
Birmaher, B. (2013). Bipolar disorder in children and adolescents. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 18(3), 140-148.
Abstract and Journal Access: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/camh.12021/abstract

Sex Differences in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder
Duax, J.M., Youngstrom, E.A., Calabrese, J.R., & Findling, R.L. (2007). Sex differences in pediatric bipolar disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 68(10), 1565-1573.
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2007/v68n10/v68n1016.aspx

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: A New Diagnostic Approach to Chronic Irritability in Youth
Roy, A.K., Lopes, V., & Klein, R.G. (2014). Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder: A new diagnostic approach to chronic irritability in youth. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 171(9), 918-924.
Abstract and Journal Access: http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.13101301?journalCode=ajp

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder and Chronic Irritability in Youth at Familial Risk for Bipolar Disorder
Sparks, G.M., Axelson, D.A., Yu, H., Ha, W., Ballester, J., Diler, R.S., Goldstein, B., Goldstein, T., Hickey, M.B., Ladouceur, C.D., Monk, K., Sakolsky, D., & Birmaher, B. (2014). Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder and chronic irritability in youth at familial risk for bipolar disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(4), 408-416.
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(14)00049-5/abstract

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