Bipolar and Depressive Disorders

Below you will find links to Web Resources, Book Chapters and Books, and Journal Research Articles .

Web Resources

Depression and Depressive Disorders

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Depression Information
Publication on depression and depressive disorders. This describes the symptoms, causes, and treatments of depression. Includes information on getting help and coping. A free PDF version can be printed to use as a resource with students and families.

Mental Health America (MHA)
What you need to know about depression, with links to many topics related to depression. Additional information includes depression in children and teens, women, and African-Americans, as well as different types of depressive disorders, exploring myths about depression, treatments, and self-care strategies.

Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA)
The national nonprofit organization dedicated to preventing and treating anxiety, depression, and related disorders. Provides information on depressive disorders, and how to cope with and treat symptoms.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)
Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder Fact Sheet- Information about a new disorder definition in the DSM-5 that is designed to reduce over-diagnosis and over-treatment of bipolar disorder in children. This diagnosis is for children up to age 18 who present with persistent irritability and frequent episodes of extreme behavioral dyscontrol.

Child Mind Institute Guide on Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
This guide outlines information on the new diagnosis, signs and symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and possible comorbid disorders.

Depression in Youth

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Youth Depression Fact Sheet- Understanding depression in teenagers.

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP)
The Depression Resource Center provides information about depression in children and adolescents with links to additional information for parents and educators.

PsychCentral Teenage Depression
Information on depression in teenagers, with a list of possible symptoms and how these may differ from adult depression.

Bipolar Disorder

NIMH Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents
Publication on bipolar disorder in youth, covering many topics such as causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment for the disorder. A PDF version of this information can be downloaded and printed for free from either link (main version and easy-to-read version).

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP)
The Bipolar Disorder Resource Center provides information about bipolar disorder in children and adolescents with links to additional information for parents and educators.

Resources for Families and Schools

NASP Resources
Information for parents and educators about depression in children and adolescents. Presents youth depression facts on prevalence, risk factors, symptoms, treatments, and what schools can do to help students.

The Balanced Mind Parent Network
A program of the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA), which provides information, resources, and support to families and youth with depression or bipolar disorders.

Teaching Resilience and Sense of Purpose in School to Prevent Future Depression
Martin Seligman’s study and conference speech are reviewed by the American Psychological Association (APA). Two evidence-based programs were studied by Seligman’s researchers and suggest that schools could incorporate these programs to help prevent depression and anxiety in students while also improving grades.

School Psychiatry Program Depression Interventions at School
The Massachusetts General Hospital’s School Psychiatry Program provides information on depression in youth and outlines some interventions for a school setting. Please follow the additional link listed on the website to see a detailed list of School-Based Interventions and Accommodations.

American Counseling Association (ACA) Young and Depressed Article
A feature story in Counseling Today on youth depression. This article highlights the importance of school counselors in identifying students with depression, and how we can best help students in a school setting.

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Book Chapters and Books

DBT Skills Training Manual
Linehan, M.M. (2014). DBT skills training manual (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

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Journal Research Articles

CSCORE does not endorse any of the following research studies.  Instead our goal is to present you with the latest research being conducted.  It is up to you to decide if the study is reliable and valid.

Effects of Psychotherapy for Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-analysis
Weisz, J.R., McCart, C.A., & Valeri, S.M. Effects of psychotherapy for depression in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 132-149.

Depression and School Performance in Middle Adolescent Boys and Girls
Frojd, S.A., Nissinen, E.S., Pelkonen, M.U.I., Marttunen, M.J., Koivisto, A.M., & Kaltiala-Heino, R. (2008). Depression and school performance in middle adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Adolescence, 31(4), 485-498.
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The Prevention of Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Review
Gladstone, T.R.G., & Beardslee, W.R. (2009). The prevention of depression in children and adolescents: A review. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(4), 212-221.
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Evaluation of a Group Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention Program for Young Adolescents: A Randomized Effectiveness Trial
Gillham, J.E., Reivich, K.J., Brunwasser, S.M., Freres, D.R., Chajon, N.D., Kash-MacDonald, V.M., Chaplin, T.M., Abenavoli, R.M., Matlin, S.L., Gallop, R.J., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2012). Evaluation of a group cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program for young adolescents: A randomized effectiveness trial. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 41(5), 621-639.
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A High School Counselor’s Leadership in Providing School-Wide Screenings for Depression and Enhancing Suicide Awareness
Erickson, A., & Abel, N.R. (2013). A high school counselor’s leadership in providing school-wide screenings for depression and enhancing suicide awareness. Professional School Counseling, 16(5), 283-289.

Reducing Depression Among At-Risk Early Adolescents: Three-Year Effects of a Family-Centered Intervention Embedded Within Schools
Connell, A.M., & Dishion, T.J. (2008). Reducing depression among at-risk early adolescents: Three-year effects of a family-centered intervention embedded within schools. Journal of Family Psychology, 22(4), 574-585.

Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents
Birmaher, B. (2013). Bipolar disorder in children and adolescents. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 18(3), 140-148.
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Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: A New Diagnostic Approach to Chronic Irritability in Youth
Roy, A.K., Lopes, V., & Klein, R.G. (2014). Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder: A new diagnostic approach to chronic irritability in youth. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 171(9), 918-924.
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Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder and Chronic Irritability in Youth at Familial Risk for Bipolar Disorder
Sparks, G.M., Axelson, D.A., Yu, H., Ha, W., Ballester, J., Diler, R.S., Goldstein, B., Goldstein, T., Hickey, M.B., Ladouceur, C.D., Monk, K., Sakolsky, D., & Birmaher, B. (2014). Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder and chronic irritability in youth at familial risk for bipolar disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(4), 408-416.
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