When teasing becomes hurtful, unkind or constant, it crosses the line into bullying and needs to stop. Bullying can range from hitting, shoving, name-calling, threats, and mocking, shunning others, spreading rumors about them to the use of email, chat rooms, instant messages, social networking websites, and text messages to taunt or hurt others.  It is critical to take bullying seriously and to take the necessary steps to address it.

Below you will find links to Web Resources, Cyberbullying: Web Resources, Anti-LGBT Bullying: Web Resources, Journal Research Articles, and Curriculum Materials.

Web Resources

Social and Emotional Learning and Bullying Prevention
This research brief has information on how to use a social and emotional learning framework to improve the school climate, encourage positive interactions, bullying prevention strategies, and more.

Power Over Prejudice
The Anti-Prejudice Consortium has compiled a list of resources pertinent to educators.

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Cyberbullying: Web Resources

Stop Cyberbullying
This website has information for educators on what cyberbullying is and offers tips on how to educate children about the dangers of the internet and how to stop cyberbullies.

The Teenangels is a program started by wiredsaftey.org. This website gives information on how to set up a local chapter of Teenangels whose program trains teenagers on internet safety and cyberbullying.  The Teenangels then give presentations to other teenagers. This peer to peer program has been very effective.

Cybersmart! Cyberbullying Package
The National Association of School Psychologists and Cybersmart! have collaboratively developed a free anti-cyberbullying curriculum based on research.  The lessons are designed for grades 2 -12.

Cyberbullying: The New Online Crime

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Anti-LGBT Bullying: Web Resources

Safe Schools Coalition
The Safe Schools Coalition has published Anti-Gay Bullying: What’s the Big Deal? a fact sheet about the rates of anti-gay bullying and how this type of bullying affects students.

Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN)
GLSEN has an extensive list of resources for schools to help them combat not only anti-LGBT bullying, but bullying in general.  Included are lesson plans and a kit to start a Safe Space program at your school.

Southern Poverty Law Center
The SPLC has produced a documentary and tool kit free of charge to schools.  The film tells the story of a young man who was bullied for being gay and how he sued the school district that failed to protect him.

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Journal Research Articles

CSCORE does not endorse any of the following research studies.  Instead our goal is to present you with the latest research being conducted.  It is up to you to decide if the study is reliable and valid.

Weight Status as a Predictor of Being Bullied in Third Through Sixth Grades
By: Julie C. Lumeng, MD, Patrick Forrest, BS, Danielle P. Appugliese, MPH, Niko Kaciroti, PhD, Robert F. Corwyn, PhD, & Robert H. Bradley, PhD
Pediatrics, June 2010
Abstract and Journal Access: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org

Predictors of bullying and victimization in childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic investigation
By: Clayton R Cook, Kirk R Williams, Nancy G Guerra, Tia E Kim, & Shelly Sadek
School Psychology Quarterly, June 2010

Telling is compelling: the impact of student reports of bullying on teacher intervention
By: Rona Milch Novick & Jenny Isaacs
Educational Psychology, May 2010
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a921646711~db=all~jumptype=rss

Authoritative School Discipline: High School Practices Associated With Lower Bullying and Victimization
By: Anne Gregory, Dewey Cornell, Xitao Fan, Peter Sheras, et al.
Journal of Educational Psychology, May 2010

Bullying and Stress in Early Adolescence: The Role of Coping and Social Support
By: Chiaki Konishi & Shelley Hymel
The Journal of Early Adolescence, Jun 2009
Abstract and Journal Access: http://jea.sagepub.com/content/29/3/333.abstract

The impact of a peer counseling scheme to address bullying in an all-girl London secondary school: A short-term longitudinal study
By: Catherine Houlston & Peter K Smith
British Journal of Educational Psychology, Mar 2009

The Evaluation of School-Based Violence Prevention Programs: A Meta-Analysis September
By: Hyoun-Kyoung Park-Higgerson, PhD, Suzanne E. Perumean-Chaney, PhD, Alfred A. Bartolucci, PhD, Diane M. Grimley, PhD, & Karan P. Singh, PhD
Journal of School Health, 2008
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121371833/abstract 

Examining the Overlap in Internet Harassment and School Bullying: Implications for School Intervention
By: Michele L. Ybarra, M.P.H., Ph.D., Marie Diener-West, Ph.D., and Philip J. Leaf, Ph.D.
Journal of Adolescent Health, December 2007

Demographic Differences in the Prevalence, Co-Occurrence, and Correlates of Adolescent Bullying at School
By: Kellie E Carlyle & Kenneth J Steinman
The Journal of School Health, November 2007
Abstract and Journal Access: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2007.00242.x/abstract;jsessionid=EFF4774EA6B884D6F65D9A9B28EAF238.d03t02

Prevalence and Predictors of Internet Bullying
By: Kirk R. Williams, Ph.D., and Nancy G. Guerra, Ed.D.
Journal of Adolescent Health, 2007

Adolescent Bullying Involvement and Perceived Family, Peer and School Relations: Commonalities and Differences Across Race/Ethnicity
By: Aubrey L. Spriggs, M.A., Ronald J. Iannotti, Ph.D., Tonja R. Nansel, Ph.D., and Denise L. Haynje, Ph.D., M.P.H.
Journal of Adolescent Health, September 2007
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www.jahonline.org/article/PIIS1054139X07001802/abstract 

A Systematic Review of School-Based Interventions to Prevent Bullying
By: Rachel C. Vreeman, MD and Aaron E. Carroll, MD, MS
Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 2007

Electronic Bullying Among Middle School Students
By: Robin M. Kowalski, Ph.D. and Susan P. Limber, Ph.D.
Journal of Adolescent Health, 2007
Abstract and Journal Access: http://www.jahonline.org/article/PIIS1054139X07003618/abstract

Evaluation of a Bullying Prevention Program
By: Abby Hallford, Cameo Borntrager, and Joanne L Davis
Journal of Research in Childhood Education, Fall 2006

Reducing Playground Bullying and Supporting Beliefs: An Experimental Trial of the Steps to Respect Program
By: Karin S Frey, Miriam K Hirschstein, Jennie L Snell, Leihua Van Schoiack Edstrom, et al.
Developmental Psychology, May 2005

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Curriculum Materials

Center on Instruction
The Center is a clearing house of information on research based best practices for instruction to improve achievement in schools.

Learning First Alliance
The Learning First Alliance is an organization dedicated to improving student learning.  This website is a forum where success stories are shared.

The NEA Foundation
This site gives information on how to apply for a NEA Foundation grant to improve the academic achievement of students in public schools and public higher education institutions in any subject area.  Education support professionals are eligible to apply.

Promising Practices Network
The Promising Practices Network has reviewed research on programs and curriculums that are designed to reduce violent behavior among children and presents their findings on their website. 

Anti-Defamation League
In the ADL’s Curriculum Connections, they have a list of books that can be used for bibliotherapy with young children to teach them about bullying.  This page also has links to discussion guides and activities for the classroom.

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