Export Control

Export controls are the United States laws and regulations that regulate and restrict the release of critical technologies, technical data, software code, equipment, chemical and biological materials, and other materials, and information and services to foreign nationals and foreign countries for reasons of foreign policy and national security.

These laws apply to virtually all fields of science and engineering and restrict the shipment, transmission or transfer of certain items, software, technology and services from the U.S. to foreign countries. Deemed exports, i.e. the release of controlled information to foreign nationals located in the U.S., also apply under the regulations. Export control laws apply to all activities – not just sponsored research projects.

An export is considered to be:

  • a shipment of a controlled item or good,
  • transmission (electronic or digital) of a controlled item or information related to a controlled item,
  • transfer, release or disclosure (including verbal or visual) of any controlled item, technology, software or technical data, or service either in U.S. or abroad,
  • use or application of controlled technology on behalf of, or for the benefit of, any foreign person or entity, either in U.S. or abroad

UMASS Amherst

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